Monte Castellaro (MTR collection) (Miocene of Italy)

Where: Italy (43.9° N, 12.9° E: paleocoordinates 43.7° N, 12.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Gessoso-solfifera Formation, Messinian (7.2 - 5.3 Ma)

• "Strato degli insetti" outcropping in the higher part of the facies "Marne bituminose". Lower Messinian.

Environment/lithology: lagoonal; lithified, fine-grained, carbonaceous marl

• "deposited in a coastal lagoonal environment surrounded by wood-clad hills. The climate was probably warm-temperate but with a tendency to deterioration toward a moderately cooling phase…"Gentilini & Peters, 1993
• "Insect remains occur exclusively in fine-grained bituminous marls" Gentilini & Peters, 1993

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: adpression

Collection methods: Repository: Museo de Territorio of Riccione (Emilia Romagna, northern Italy)

Primary reference: G. Gentilini. 1991. Bibionidae (Diptera, Nematocera) from Upper Miocene of Monte Castellaro (Marche, central Italy). Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona 15:425-445 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 157306: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 12.06.2014

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Diptera - Bibionidae
Plecia spp. Wiedemann 1823 love bug
Plecia pisaurensis n. sp. Gentilini 1991 love bug
MTR 1237
Plecia castellaroi n. sp. Gentilini 1991 love bug
MTR 1236
Plecia baglii n. sp. Gentilini 1991 love bug
MTR 1240
Bibio sp. Geoffroy 1762 march fly
MTR 1242, 1242a
Penthetria sp.3 Meigen 1803 march fly
MTR 1208
 Diptera - Pallopteridae
Toxoneura muliebris5 Harris 1780 fly
MTR 1306
 Diptera - Ulidiidae
Herina ex gr. lugubris5 Meigen 1826 picture-winged fly
MTR 395
 Diptera - Tephritidae
Tephritis sophus n. sp.5, Mioacinia adriatica n. gen. n. sp.5
Tephritis sophus n. sp.5 Gentilini and Korneyev 2006 fruit fly
MTR 390, 386, 387, 393, 392, 1307
Mioacinia adriatica n. gen. n. sp.5 Gentilini and Korneyev 2006 fruit fly
MTR 388, 389, 394, 1300, 391, 396, 1299, 1301
 Odonata - Libellulidae
Celithemis zavattinii n. sp.1, Pisaurum coloratum n. gen. n. sp.2, "Trapezostigma barbaresii n. sp." = Tramea barbaresii4, "Trapezostigma sp." = Tramea4, Tramea miocenica n. sp.2, Sympetrum elongatum n. sp.2, Sympetrum marinum n. sp.1, Sympetrum italicum n. sp.2, Sympetrum krzeminskii n. sp.2, Deielia sarae n. sp.4, Libellula sp.1, Libellula mediterranea n. sp.2, Libellula adriatica n. sp.1
Celithemis zavattinii n. sp.1 Bagli and Gentilini 2003 common skimmer
MTR 181
Pisaurum coloratum n. gen. n. sp.2 Gentilini 1989 common skimmer
MTR 186
"Trapezostigma barbaresii n. sp." = Tramea barbaresii4 Gentilini and Bagli 2004 common skimmer
MTR 1295
"Trapezostigma sp." = Tramea4 Hagen 1861 common skimmer
MTR 1297, 189, 202, 208, 1296
Tramea miocenica n. sp.2 Gentilini 1989 common skimmer
MTR 176
Sympetrum elongatum n. sp.2 Gentilini 1989 common skimmer
MTR 166, 162, 171, 172, 174, 178, 1210
Sympetrum marinum n. sp.1 Bagli and Gentilini 2003 common skimmer
MTR 1298
Sympetrum italicum n. sp.2 Gentilini 1989 common skimmer
MTR 170, 163, 167, 177, 179, 1208, 1209
Sympetrum krzeminskii n. sp.2 Gentilini 1989 common skimmer
MTR 180
Deielia sarae n. sp.4 Gentilini and Bagli 2004 common skimmer
MTR 1293
Libellula sp.1 Linnaeus 1758 common skimmer
MTR 1294
Libellula mediterranea n. sp.2 Gentilini 1989 common skimmer
MTR 168
Libellula adriatica n. sp.1 Bagli and Gentilini 2003 common skimmer
MTR 188
 Odonata - Calopterygidae
? Calopterygidae indet.4 Selys-Longchamps 1850 broad-winged damselfly
MTR 1735
 Odonata -
? Italolestes sp.4 Nel et al. 2005 damselfly
MTR 1292a
 Odonata - Lestidae
Lestidae "indet. D"4 Calvert 1901 spread-winged damselfly
MTR 1290
Lestidae "indet. E"4 Calvert 1901 spread-winged damselfly
MTR 1291
Lestes sp.4 Leach 1815 spread-winged damselfly
MTR 1287
 Odonata - Coenagrionidae
Ischnurinae indet.4 Fraser 1957 narrow-winged damselfly
MTR 1288
Ischnura sp.4 Charpentier 1840 forktail
MTR 1289