Locality 77, unit B3, Kap København (Pleistocene of Greenland)

Where: Greenland (82.5° N, 23.7° W: paleocoordinates 82.4° N, 22.6° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Kap København Formation, Gelasian (2.6 - 1.8 Ma)

• Kap København Formation and the Fishcreekian are considered to be correlative and slightly younger than the Cibicides grossa zone (c. 2.5 Ma), approximately c. 2.4 Ma at the Praetiglian/Tiglian bundary. Age estimate based on foraminifer fauna pointing to Plio-Pleistocene age, reversed paleomagnetism in fine-grained part of the sequence supporting correlation with Matuyama Chron and amino acid racemization of bivalve shells.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: shoreface; poorly lithified siliciclastic sediments

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: Repository: Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen

Primary reference: J. Böcher. 1995. Palaeoentomology of the Kap København Formation, a Plio-Pleistocene sequence in Peary Land, North Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Geoscience 33:1-82 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 160109: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 15.08.2014

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera -
Cicadoidea indet. Latreille 1802 true bug
 Hemiptera - Cicadellidae
Cicadellidae indet. Latreille 1825 leafhopper
 Hemiptera - Lygaeidae
Peritrechus sp. Fieber 1861 milkweed bug
 Hemiptera - Acanthosomatidae
Elasmucha sp. Stal 1864 shield bug
 Hemiptera - Pentatomidae
Pentatomidae indet. Leach 1815 stink bug
Eusarcoris (Rhacognathus) punctatus Linnaeus 1758 stink bug
 Hemiptera - Saldidae
Saldula sp. Van Duzee 1914 shore bug
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Formicinae indet. Latreille 1802 ant
Formica sp. Linnaeus 1758 ant
Camponotus spp. Mayr 1861 ant
Camponotus cf. herculeanus Linnaeus 1758 ant
Myrmica sp. Latreille 1804 ant
 Hymenoptera - Ichneumonidae
Ichneumonidae indet. Latreille 1802 ichneumon wasp
Banchus sp. Fabricius 1798 ichneumon wasp
 Hymenoptera -
Chalcidoidea indet. chalcid wasp
Proctotrupoidea indet. Latreille 1802 wasp
 Coleoptera - Byrrhidae
Byrrhus sp. Linnaeus 1767 pill beetle
Arctobyrrhus subcanus LeConte 1878 pill beetle
Morychus cf. aeneus Fabricius 1775 pill beetle
Simplocaria spp. Stephens 1829 pill beetle
Simplocaria cf. metallica Sturm 1807 pill beetle
Simplocaria cf. elongata Sahlberg 1903 pill beetle
Simplocaria basalis Sahlberg 1903 pill beetle
 Coleoptera - Cantharidae
Podabrus cf. alpinus Paykull 1798 soldier beetle
 Coleoptera - Elateridae
Hypnoidus rivularius Gyllenhal 1808 click beetle
 Coleoptera - Hydrophilidae
Laccobius sp. Erichson 1837 water scavenger beetle
 Coleoptera - Helophoridae
Helophorus spp. Fabricius 1775 water scavenger beetle
Helophorus tuberculatus Gyllenhal 1808 water scavenger beetle
"Helophorus cf. khnzoriani" = Helophorus (Meghelophorus) khnzoriani Angus 1970 water scavenger beetle
 Coleoptera - Silphidae
Thanatophilus baicalicus Motschulsky 1860 carrion beetle
 Coleoptera - Agyrtidae
Pteroloma forsstromii Gyllenhal 1810 primitive carrion beetle
 Coleoptera - Staphylinidae
Staphylinidae indet. Latreille 1802 rove beetle
Staphylinini indet. Latreille 1802 rove beetle
Philonthus/Quedius spp.
cf. Lathrobium sp. Gravenhorst 1802 rove beetle
Aleocharinae indet. Fleming 1821 rove beetle
Atheta spp. Thomson 1858 rove beetle
Stenus "n. sp.?" Latreille 1796 rove beetle
Stenus spp. Latreille 1796 rove beetle
"Stenus hyperboreus" = Stenus (Nestus) hyperboreus Sahlberg 1876 rove beetle
"Stenus cf. carbonarius" = Stenus (Nestus) carbonarius Gyllenhal 1827 rove beetle
"Stenus cf. canaliculatus" = Stenus (Nestus) canaliculatus Gyllenhal 1827 rove beetle
"Stenus vinnulus" = Stenus (Nestus) vinnulus Casey 1884 rove beetle
"Stenus melanarius" = Stenus (Nestus) melanarius Stephens 1833 rove beetle
"Stenus cf. mammops" = Stenus (Nestus) mammops Casey 1884 rove beetle
Stenus scrupeus Casey 1884 rove beetle
Stenus sordidus Puthz 1988 rove beetle
Oxytelinae indet. Fleming 1821 rove beetle
Bledius spp. Leach 1819 rove beetle
Bledius cf. talpa Gyllenhal 1810 rove beetle
Bledius cf. arcticus Sahlberg 1890 rove beetle
"Bledius cf. litoralis" = Bledius littoralis Heer 1839 rove beetle
Carpelimus (Trogophloeus) sp. Leach 1819 rove beetle
Omaliinae indet. MacLeay 1825 rove beetle
Acidota quadrata Zetterstedt 1838 rove beetle
Olophrum sp. Erichson 1839 rove beetle
Olophrum consimile Gyllenhal 1810 rove beetle
Olophrum boreale Paykull 1792 rove beetle
Eucnecosum "n. sp.?" Reitter 1909 rove beetle
Eucnecosum spp. Reitter 1909 rove beetle
Eucnecosum cf. brunnescens Sahlberg 1871 rove beetle
Eucnecosum cf. tenue LeConte 1863 rove beetle
Coryphium angusticolle Stephens 1834 rove beetle
Micralymma cf. brevilingue Schiodte 1845 rove beetle
Phyllodrepa sp. Thomson 1859 rove beetle
Pycnoglypta cf. lurida Gyllenhal 1813 winter rove beetle
Omalium sp. Gravenhorst 1802 rove beetle
Kalissus nitidus LeConte 1874 rove beetle
Tachinus spp. Gravenhorst 1802 rove beetle
Tachinus elongatus Gyllenhal 1810 rove beetle
Mycetoporus sp. Mannerheim 1830 rove beetle
Bolitobius sp. Leach 1819 rove beetle
 Coleoptera - Leiodidae
Anisotoma spp. Illiger 1798 round fungus beetle
Anisotoma cf. castanea Herbst 1791 round fungus beetle
Catops sp. Paykull 1798 round fungus beetle
 Coleoptera - Ciidae
Cis spp. Latreille 1796 minute tree-fungus beetle
 Coleoptera - Zopheridae
Orthocerus clavicornis Linnaeus 1758 ironclad beetle
 Coleoptera - Melyridae
Amecocerus sp. Solier 1849 soft-winged flower beetle
 Coleoptera - Latridiidae
Latridiidae indet. Erichson 1842 minute brown scavenger beetle
Corticaria sp. Marsham 1802 minute brown scavenger beetle
 Coleoptera - Coccinellidae
Coccinellidae indet. Latreille 1807 ladybug or ladybird
Scymnus/Nephus spp.
Myrrha octodecimguttata Linnaeus 1758 ladybug or ladybird
 Coleoptera - Cerambycidae
Cerambycidae indet. Latreille 1802 longhorned beetle
 Coleoptera - Chrysomelidae
Chrysomelidae indet. Latreille 1802 leaf beetle
Donacia spp. Fabricius 1775 leaf beetle
Hydrothassa cf. hannoveriana Fabricius 1775 leaf beetle
Chrysomela populi Linnaeus 1758 leaf beetle
cf. Chrysolina spp. Moltschulsky 1860 leaf beetle
 Coleoptera - Curculionidae
Curculionidae indet. Latreille 1802 snout beetle
Notaris cf. acridulus Linnaeus 1758 snout beetle
Grypus equiseti Fabricius 1775 snout beetle
Grypus cf. brunneirostris Fabricius 1792 snout beetle
Dorytomus sp. Germar 1817 snout beetle
Dorytomus cf. imbecillus Faust 1882 snout beetle
Pseudostyphlus pillumus Gyllenhal 1836 snout beetle
Rhyncolus spp. Germar 1817 snout beetle
Rhyncolus cf. brunneus Mannerheim 1843 snout beetle
Anoplus cf. plantaris Næzén 1794 snout beetle
"Lepyrus cf. arcticus" = Lepyrus quadrinotatus Boheman 1842 snout beetle
Cyriophthalmus variegatus Motschulsky 1846 snout beetle
cf. Phyllobius sp. Schoenher 1824 snout beetle
Micrelus cf. ericae Gyllenhal 1813 snout beetle
"Litodactylus leucogaster" = Phytobius leucogaster Marsham 1802 snout beetle
Scolytus piceae Swaine 1910 bark beetle
Tomicus piniperda Linnaeus 1758 bark beetle
 Coleoptera - Scarabaeidae
"Aegialia terminalis" = Aegialia (Psammoporus) terminalis Brown 1931 scarab beetle
Aphodius sp. Illiger 1798 scarab beetle
 Coleoptera - Derodontidae
Laricobius cf. caucasicus Rost 1893 tooth-necked fungus beetle
 Coleoptera - Trachypachidae
"Trachypachus zetterstedtii" = Trachypachus zetterstedti
"Trachypachus zetterstedtii" = Trachypachus zetterstedti Gyllenhal 1827 false ground beetle
 Coleoptera - Carabidae
Carabidae indet., "Pterostichus haematopus" = Stereocerus haematopus, Blethisa multipunctata, Blethisa catenaria, Elaphrus spp., Elaphrus tuberculatus, Elaphrus lapponicus, Elaphrus angusticollis, Elaphrus lecontei, "Chlaenius interruptus" = Chlaenius (Agostenus) interruptus, Amara spp., Amara cf. pseudobrunnea, Amara cf. brunnea, "Amara cf. quenseli" = Amara (Paracelia) quenseli, Pterostichus (Cryobius) spp., Pterostichus (Cryobius) cf. arcticola, Pterostichus (Cryobius) cf. pinguedineus, Pterostichus (Cryobius) brevicornis, Pterostichus (Cryobius) riparius, "Pterostichus cf. agonus" = Pterostichus (Lenapterus) agonus, "Pterostichus vermiculosus" = Pterostichus (Lenapterus) vermiculosus, Pterostichus nigrita, Pterostichus stygicus, "Pterostichus cf. caudicalis" = Pterostichus (Lamenius) caudicalis, "Pterostichus cf. corvinus" = Pterostichus (Melanius) corvinus, Nebria cf. nivalis, Nebria cf. rufescens, Opisthius richardsoni, Notiophilus spp., Notiophilus cf. biguttatus, Notiophilus aquaticus, Diacheila polita, Diacheila matthewsi, Bembidion spp., "Bembidion cf. yukonum" = Bembidion (Peryphanes) yukonum, "Bembidion cf. grapii" = Bembidion (Peryphanes) grapii, "Bembidion cf. vitiosum" = Bembidion (Eurytrachelus) vitiosum, Bembidion (Plataphus) sp., "Bembidion (Plataphodes) cf. arcticum" = Bembidion (Plataphus) arcticum, Bembidion (Plataphus) cf. planiusculum, Bembidion (Plataphus) cf. gebleri, Bembidion (Plataphodes) cf. difficile, "Bembidion (Plataphodes) cf. fellmanni" = Bembidion (Plataphus) fellmanni, "Bembidion (Chrysobracteon) spp." = Bembidion (Bracteon), "Bembidion (Chrysobracteon) cf. lapponicum" = Bembidion (Bracteon) lapponicum, "Bembidion (Chrysobracteon) cf. balli" = Bembidion (Bracteon) balli, "Bembidion (Chrysobracteon) levettei" = Bembidion (Bracteon) levettei, "Bembidion salebratum" = Bembidion (Hirmoplataphus) salebratum, "Bembidion cf. sordidum" = Bembidion (Asioperyphus) sordidum, "Bembidion cf. bimaculatum" = Bembidion (Asioperyphus) bimaculatum, "Bembidion dyschirinum" = Bembidion (Metallina) dyschirinum, "Bembidion (Plataphus) planatum" = Bembidion (Melomalus) planatum, "Bembidion cf. mckinleyi" = Bembidion (Terminophanes) mckinleyi, Asaphidion alaskanum, Dyschirius spp., Dyschirius cf. varidens, Miscodera arctica, Patrobus stygicus, Agonum spp., "Agonum cf. exaratum" = Agonum (Europhilus) exaratum
Carabidae indet. Latreille 1802 ground beetle
"Pterostichus haematopus" = Stereocerus haematopus Dejean 1831 ground beetle
Blethisa multipunctata Linnaeus 1758 ground beetle
Blethisa catenaria Brown 1944 ground beetle
Elaphrus spp. Fabricius 1775 ground beetle
Elaphrus tuberculatus Maklin 1877 ground beetle
Elaphrus lapponicus Gyllenhal 1810 ground beetle
Elaphrus angusticollis Sahlberg 1844 ground beetle
Elaphrus lecontei Crotch 1876 ground beetle
"Chlaenius interruptus" = Chlaenius (Agostenus) interruptus Horn 1876 ground beetle
Amara spp. Bonelli 1810 ground beetle
Amara cf. pseudobrunnea Lindroth 1968 ground beetle
Amara cf. brunnea Gyllenhal 1810 ground beetle
"Amara cf. quenseli" = Amara (Paracelia) quenseli Schönherr 1806 ground beetle
Pterostichus (Cryobius) spp. Chaudoir 1838 ground beetle
Pterostichus (Cryobius) cf. arcticola Chaudoir 1868 ground beetle
Pterostichus (Cryobius) cf. pinguedineus Eschscholtz 1823 ground beetle
Pterostichus (Cryobius) brevicornis Kirby 1837 ground beetle
Pterostichus (Cryobius) riparius Dejean 1829 ground beetle
"Pterostichus cf. agonus" = Pterostichus (Lenapterus) agonus Horn 1880 ground beetle
"Pterostichus vermiculosus" = Pterostichus (Lenapterus) vermiculosus Ménétriés 1851 ground beetle
Pterostichus nigrita Paykull 1790 ground beetle
Pterostichus stygicus Say 1823 ground beetle
"Pterostichus cf. caudicalis" = Pterostichus (Lamenius) caudicalis Say 1823 ground beetle
"Pterostichus cf. corvinus" = Pterostichus (Melanius) corvinus Dejean 1828 ground beetle
Nebria cf. nivalis Paykull 1790 ground beetle
Nebria cf. rufescens Strøm 1768 ground beetle
Opisthius richardsoni Kirby 1837 ground beetle
Notiophilus spp. Duméril 1805 ground beetle
Notiophilus cf. biguttatus Fabricius 1779 ground beetle
Notiophilus aquaticus Linnaeus 1758 ground beetle
Diacheila polita Faldermann 1835 ground beetle
Diacheila matthewsi Böcher 1995 ground beetle
Bembidion spp. Latreille 1802 ground beetle
"Bembidion cf. yukonum" = Bembidion (Peryphanes) yukonum Fall 1926 ground beetle
"Bembidion cf. grapii" = Bembidion (Peryphanes) grapii Gyllenhal 1827 ground beetle
"Bembidion cf. vitiosum" = Bembidion (Eurytrachelus) vitiosum Gemminger and Harold 1868 ground beetle
Bembidion (Plataphus) sp. Motschulsky 1864 ground beetle
"Bembidion (Plataphodes) cf. arcticum" = Bembidion (Plataphus) arcticum Lindroth 1963 ground beetle
Bembidion (Plataphus) cf. planiusculum Mannerheim 1843 ground beetle
Bembidion (Plataphus) cf. gebleri Gebler 1833 ground beetle
Bembidion (Plataphodes) cf. difficile Motschulsky 1844 ground beetle
"Bembidion (Plataphodes) cf. fellmanni" = Bembidion (Plataphus) fellmanni Mannerheim 1823 ground beetle
"Bembidion (Chrysobracteon) spp." = Bembidion (Bracteon) Bedel 1879 ground beetle
"Bembidion (Chrysobracteon) cf. lapponicum" = Bembidion (Bracteon) lapponicum Zetterstedt 1828 ground beetle
"Bembidion (Chrysobracteon) cf. balli" = Bembidion (Bracteon) balli Lindroth 1962 ground beetle
"Bembidion (Chrysobracteon) levettei" = Bembidion (Bracteon) levettei Casey 1918 ground beetle
"Bembidion salebratum" = Bembidion (Hirmoplataphus) salebratum LeConte 1848 ground beetle
"Bembidion cf. sordidum" = Bembidion (Asioperyphus) sordidum Kirby 1837 ground beetle
"Bembidion cf. bimaculatum" = Bembidion (Asioperyphus) bimaculatum Kirby 1837 ground beetle
"Bembidion dyschirinum" = Bembidion (Metallina) dyschirinum LeConte 1861 ground beetle
"Bembidion (Plataphus) planatum" = Bembidion (Melomalus) planatum LeConte 1848 ground beetle
"Bembidion cf. mckinleyi" = Bembidion (Terminophanes) mckinleyi Fall 1926 ground beetle
Asaphidion alaskanum Wickham 1919 ground beetle
Dyschirius spp. Bonelli 1810 ground beetle
Dyschirius cf. varidens Fall 1910 ground beetle
Miscodera arctica Paykull 1798 ground beetle
Patrobus stygicus Chaudoir 1872 ground beetle
Agonum spp. Bonelli 1810 ground beetle
"Agonum cf. exaratum" = Agonum (Europhilus) exaratum Mannerheim 1853 ground beetle
 Coleoptera - Dytiscidae
Dytiscidae indet. Leach 1815 predaceous diving beetle
Agabinae indet. Thomson 1867 predaceous diving beetle
Agabus/Ilybius spp.
Agabus spp. Leach 1817 predaceous diving beetle
Agabus clavicornis Sharp 1882 predaceous diving beetle
Agabus clavicornis/serricornis
Agabus cf. anthracinus Mannerheim 1852 predaceous diving beetle
Agabus bifarius Kirby 1837 predaceous diving beetle
Agabus cf. affinis Paykull 1798 predaceous diving beetle
Agabus ex gr. affinis Paykull 1798 predaceous diving beetle
Ilybius sp. Erichson 1832 predaceous diving beetle
Ilybius vittiger Gyllenhal 1827 predaceous diving beetle
Agabini indet. Thomson 1867 predaceous diving beetle
Colymbetes sp. Schellenberg 1806 predaceous diving beetle
Hygrotus sp. Stevens 1828 predaceous diving beetle
Oreodytes spp. Seidlitz 1887 predaceous diving beetle
Oreodytes alpinus Paykull 1798 predaceous diving beetle
Oreodytes alpinus/laevis
Hydroporus spp. Clairville 1806 predaceous diving beetle
Hydroporus cf. striola Gyllenhal 1826 predaceous diving beetle
Hydroporus acutangulus Thomson 1856 predaceous diving beetle
Hydroporus ex gr. oblitus Aubé 1838 predaceous diving beetle
Hydroporus cf. morio Aubé 1838 predaceous diving beetle
 Coleoptera - Gyrinidae
Gyrinus sp. Geoffroy 1762 whirligig beetle
 Coleoptera - Haliplidae
Haliplus sp. Latreille 1802 crawling water beetle
 Diptera -
Calyptratae indet. Robineau-Desvoidy 1830 fly
 Diptera - Calliphoridae
Calliphoridae indet. Brauer and von Bergenstamm 1889 blow fly
 Diptera - Tipulidae
Tipula spp. Linnaeus 1758 crane fly
 Dicondylia -
Lepidoptera indet. Linnaeus 1758 moth
 Trichoptera - Phryganeidae
Phryganeidae indet. Leach 1815 large caddisfly
Banksiola cf. crotchi Banks 1943 large caddisfly
Agrypnia straminea Hagen 1873 large caddisfly
Agrypnia pagetana Curtis 1835 large caddisfly
 Trichoptera - Limnephilidae
Limnephilidae indet. Kolenati 1848 caddisfly
Anabolia sp. Stephens 1837 caddisfly
cf. Pycnopsyche sp. Banks 1905 caddisfly
Dicosmoecus obscuripennis Banks 1938 caddisfly
Psychoglypha sp. Ross 1944 caddisfly
Limnephilus sp. Leach 1815 caddisfly
cf. Clistoronia sp. Banks 1916 caddisfly
Apatania crymophila McLachlan 1880 caddisfly
Apatania cf. nigra Walker 1852 caddisfly
Halesochila taylori Banks 1904 caddisfly
 Trichoptera - Brachycentridae
Brachycentrus americanus Banks 1899 caddisfly
 Trichoptera - Molannidae
Molanna sp. Curtis 1834 caddisfly
 Trichoptera - Hydropsychidae
Arctopsyche ladogensis Kolenati 1859 net-spinning caddisfly
Hydropsyche nevae Kolenati 1858 net-spinning caddisfly