Balia (Spirigera beds) (Triassic of Turkey)

Also known as Balia-Maden, Balya

Where: Balıkesir, Turkey (39.7° N, 27.6° E: paleocoordinates 32.9° N, 27.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Triassic (237.0 - 201.3 Ma)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: A. Bittner. 1891. Triaspetrefakten von Balia in Kleinasien. Jahrbuch der Kaiserlich-Königlichen, Geologischen Reichsanstalt 41:97-116 [A. Dunhill/B. Allen/B. Allen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 201912: authorized by Alex Dunhill, entered by Bethany Allen on 10.06.2019

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Rhynchonellata
 Athyridida - Neoretziidae
"Retzia cf. superba" = Neoretzia superba
"Retzia cf. superba" = Neoretzia superba Suess 1856
 Athyridida -
Spirigera tricupii n. sp. Bittner 1892
Spirigera manzavinii n. sp. Bittner 1891
 Terebratulida - Zeilleriidae
"Waldheimia bukowskii n. sp." = Zeilleria bukowski, "Waldheimia cf. austriaca" = Zeilleria austriaca
"Waldheimia bukowskii n. sp." = Zeilleria bukowski Bittner 1892
"Waldheimia cf. austriaca" = Zeilleria austriaca Zugmayer 1882
 Terebratulida - Angustothyrididae
"Terebratula turcica n. sp." = Rhaetina gregaria
"Terebratula turcica n. sp." = Rhaetina gregaria Suess 1854
 Spiriferinida - Spondylospiridae
"Spiriferina uncinata" = Zugmayerella uncinata
"Spiriferina uncinata" = Zugmayerella uncinata Schafhautl 1851
 Spiriferinida - Laballidae
"Spiriferina suessi" = Laballa suessi
"Spiriferina suessi" = Laballa suessi Winkler 1859
 Spiriferinida - Sinucostidae
"Spiriferina cf. emmrichi" = Sinucosta emmrichi
"Spiriferina cf. emmrichi" = Sinucosta emmrichi Suess 1854
 Spiriferinida - Spiriferinidae
Spiriferina moscai n. sp. Bittner 1892
 Rhynchonellida - Wellerellidae
"Rhynchonella anatolica n. sp." = Euxinella anatolica, "Rhynchonella levantina n. sp." = Euxinella levantina
"Rhynchonella anatolica n. sp." = Euxinella anatolica Bittner 1891
"Rhynchonella levantina n. sp." = Euxinella levantina Bittner 1891
Lingulata
 Lingulida - Disciniidae
Discina sp. Lamarck
Bivalvia
 Myalinida - Mysidiellidae
"Mysidia orientalis n. gen. n. sp." = Mysidiella orientalis
"Mysidia orientalis n. gen. n. sp." = Mysidiella orientalis Bittner 1891 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Pecten sp. Müller 1776 scallop
Pecten mysicus n. sp. Bittner 1891 scallop
Hinnites scepsidicus n. sp. Bittner 1891 scallop
 Pectinida - Limidae
Lima (Plagiostoma) mysica n. sp. Bittner 1891 file clam
Lima (Radula) baliana n. sp. Bittner 1891 file clam
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea sp. Linnaeus 1758 oyster
 Ostreida - Cassianellidae
Cassianella angusta n. sp. Bittner 1891 oyster
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
Avicula (Meleagrina) foulloni n. sp. Bittner 1891 pearl oyster
 Ostreida - Pergamidiidae
Pergamidia attalea n. sp. Bittner 1891 oyster
 Ostreida - Bakevelliidae
"Gervillia cf. angusta" = Gervillia (Cultriopsis) angusta
"Gervillia cf. angusta" = Gervillia (Cultriopsis) angusta Munster 1838 oyster
 Ostreida - Posidoniidae
Posidonomya pergamena Bittner 1891 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Mytilus sp., "Modiola sp." = Modiolus
Mytilus sp. Linnaeus 1758 mussel
"Modiola sp." = Modiolus Lamarck 1801 mussel
 Carditida - Carditidae
Cardita cordellai n. sp. Bittner 1892 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Corbis manzavinii n. sp. Bittner 1891 clam
 Trigoniida - Trigoniidae
"Myophoria micrasiatica n. sp." = Guineana micrasiatica
"Myophoria micrasiatica n. sp." = Guineana micrasiatica Bittner 1891 clam
 Trigoniida - Schizodidae
Schizodus negrii n. sp. Bittner 1892 clam
Gastropoda
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
Chemnitzia sp. d'Orbigny 1840 snail
Chemnitzia manzavinii n. sp. Bittner 1892 snail