Orapa (Bernard Price Institute) (Cretaceous of Botswana)

Where: Botswana (22.3° S, 26.4° E: paleocoordinates 39.9° S, 12.0° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Turonian (93.9 - 89.8 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified mudstone

• Collapsed Kimberlite

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: adpression, original chitin

Collection methods: surface (in situ)

• Specimens at the Bernard Price Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg

Primary reference: R. J. Rayner. 1987. March Flies from an African Cretaceous springtime. Lethaia 20:123-127 [M. Clapham/J. Karr]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 123430: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 22.01.2012, edited by Jered Karr

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Aphididae
? Siphonophoroides orapaensis n. sp.11 Rayner and Waters 1989 aphid
BP/2/25970
 Hymenoptera - Vespidae
Curiosivespa orapa n. sp.1, Priorparagia anancites n. gen. n. sp.2
Curiosivespa orapa n. sp.1 Brothers 1992 wasp
BP/2/27125
Priorparagia anancites n. gen. n. sp.2 Brothers and Rasnitsyn 2008 wasp
BP/2/28070-1
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Afromyrma petrosa n. gen. n. sp.3, ? Afropone orapa n. sp.3, Afropone oculata n. gen. n. sp.3
Afromyrma petrosa n. gen. n. sp.3 Dlussky et al. 2004 ant
BP/2/26501
? Afropone orapa n. sp.3 Dlussky et al. 2004 ant
BP/2/26628/1
Afropone oculata n. gen. n. sp.3 Dlussky et al. 2004 ant
BP/2/28072a/2, 26631-17
 Hymenoptera - Embolemidae
Cretembolemus orapensis n. gen. n. sp.8
Cretembolemus orapensis n. gen. n. sp.8 Olmi et al. 2014 wasp
BP/2/27895(27900)
 Hymenoptera - Ichneumonidae
Labenopimpla orapa n. sp.4 Kopylov et al. 2010 ichneumon wasp
BP/2/25980
Rugopimpla botswana n. sp.4 Kopylov et al. 2010 ichneumon wasp
BP/2/27390
 Hymenoptera - Armaniidae
Orapia rayneri n. gen. n. sp.3, ? Orapia minor n. sp.3
Orapia rayneri n. gen. n. sp.3 Dlussky et al. 2004 wasp
BP/2/26924
? Orapia minor n. sp.3 Dlussky et al. 2004 wasp
BP/2/25845/2
 Hymenoptera - Jurapriidae
Chalscelio orapa n. gen. n. sp.9
Chalscelio orapa n. gen. n. sp.9 Rasnitsyn and Brothers 2007 wasp
BP/2/26990
 Hymenoptera - Evaniidae
Botsvania cretacea n. gen. n. sp.9
Botsvania cretacea n. gen. n. sp.9 Rasnitsyn and Brothers 2007 ensign wasp
BP/2/26835/1
 Hymenoptera - Maimetshidae
Maimetshorapia africana n. gen. n. sp.10, Afrapia globularis n. gen. n. sp.10, Afrapia variicornis n. sp.10, Afromaimetsha robusta n. gen. n. sp.10
Maimetshorapia africana n. gen. n. sp.10 Rasnitsyn and Brothers 2009 wasp
BP/2/28222-11
Afrapia globularis n. gen. n. sp.10 Rasnitsyn and Brothers 2009 wasp
BP/2/28003-1 (BP/2/28069-1)
Afrapia variicornis n. sp.10 Rasnitsyn and Brothers 2009 wasp
BP/2/27215
Afromaimetsha robusta n. gen. n. sp.10 Rasnitsyn and Brothers 2009 wasp
BP/2/27111-1
 Coleoptera -
Curculionoidea indet.5 Latreille 1802 weevil
BP/2/22433, 27206, 27515, 27784, 27512
 Coleoptera - Attelabidae
Orapauletes cretaceus n. gen. n. sp.6
Orapauletes cretaceus n. gen. n. sp.6 Legalov 2009 leaf rolling weevil
BP/2/26974 (fig 12 in Kuschel et al. 1994)
 Coleoptera - Brentidae
Orapaeus cretaceus n. gen. n. sp.5
Orapaeus cretaceus n. gen. n. sp.5 Kuschel and Oberprieler 1994 weevil
BP/2/27257, 18493, 25923, 26961, 27103, 27327, 27769, 27772, 28889, 27787, ?27502, ?27504, ?27513
 Coleoptera - Scarabaeidae
Ceafornotensis archratiras n. gen. n. sp.16
Ceafornotensis archratiras n. gen. n. sp.16 Woolley 2016 scarab beetle
BP/2/18654
 Coleoptera - Carabidae
Palaeoaxinidium orapensis n. gen. n. sp.7
Palaeoaxinidium orapensis n. gen. n. sp.7 McKay 1991 ground beetle
BP/2/18302; Locality 2 found in Nov. 1983
 Diptera - Hybotidae
Pseudoacarterus orapaensis n. gen. n. sp.15
Pseudoacarterus orapaensis n. gen. n. sp.15 Waters 1989 dance fly
BP/2/25224ab
 Diptera - Empididae
Empis orapaensis n. sp.14 Waters 1989 dagger fly
BP/2/26953
 Diptera - Bibionidae
Bibionidae indet. Newman 1834 march fly
BP/2/22453; BP/2/22454; BP/2/22456
Bibiodes sp.13 Coquillett 1904 march fly
BP/2/22455 (Bibionidae indet. fig 1B,D in Rayner, 1987)
 Diptera - Limoniidae
Helius botswanensis n. sp.12 Rayner and Waters 1990 crane fly
BP/2/26000