Gogoliner Schichten, Muschelkalk, Chorzow (Triassic of Poland)

Where: Poland (50.3° N, 19.0° E: paleocoordinates 18.4° N, 24.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Gogoliner Schichten Member (Wellenkalk Formation), Anisian (247.2 - 242.0 Ma)

• Wellenkalk = lower Muschelkalk

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; lithified, calcareous mixed carbonate-siliciclastic sediments

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: G. Gürich. 1884. Ueber einige Saurier des obershlesischen Muschelkalkes [On some saurians from the Upper Silesian Muschelkalk]. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 36:125-144 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 63538: authorized by Loic Villier, entered by Loic Villier on 16.08.2006, edited by Roger Benson, Bethany Allen and Matthew Carrano

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
"Nucula goldfussi" = Nucula goldfussii1
"Nucula goldfussi" = Nucula goldfussii1 Alberti 1863 nut clam
 Ostreida - Bakevelliidae
Hoernesia subglobosa1, Hoernesia socialis1, "Gervilleia mytiloides" = Gervillia mytiloides1, "Gervilleia costata" = Bakevellia costata1
Hoernesia socialis1 Schlotheim 1823 oyster
"Gervilleia mytiloides" = Gervillia mytiloides1 Schlotheim 1820 oyster
"Gervilleia costata" = Bakevellia costata1 Schlotheim 1820 oyster
 Ostreida - Cassianellidae
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Pecten discites1, "Velopecten albertii" = Eopecten1
Pecten discites1 Schlotheim 1820 scallop
"Velopecten albertii" = Eopecten1 scallop
 Pectinida - Limidae
Lima lineata1 Schlotheim 1820 file clam
Lima aff. subpunctata1 d'Orbigny 1849 file clam
Lima costata1 Münster 1836 file clam
"Lima striata" = Plagiostoma striatum1 Schlotheim 1820 file clam
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Placunopsis ostracina1 Schlotheim 1820 scallop
 Pectinida - Pseudomonotidae
 Myalinida - Mysidiellidae
"Mytilus eduliformis" = Promysidiella eduliformis1
"Mytilus eduliformis" = Promysidiella eduliformis1 Schlotheim 1820 clam
 Arcida - Parallelodontidae
"Macrodon impressum" = Catella impressa1
"Macrodon impressum" = Catella impressa1 Münster 1841 clam
 Pterioida - Prospondylidea
 Trigoniida - Myophoriidae
"Myophoria elegans" = Elegantinia elegans1, Myophoria vulgaris1, "Myophoria cardissoides" = Neoschizodus cardissoides1, "Myophoria laevigata" = Neoschizodus laevigatus1
"Myophoria elegans" = Elegantinia elegans1 Dunker 1849 clam
Myophoria vulgaris1 von Schlotheim 1820 clam
"Myophoria cardissoides" = Neoschizodus cardissoides1 Ziethen 1830 clam
"Myophoria laevigata" = Neoschizodus laevigatus1 Ziethen 1830 clam
 Trigoniida - Trigoniidae
"Myophoria curvirostris" = Lyrodon curvirostre1
"Myophoria curvirostris" = Lyrodon curvirostre1 Schlotheim 1836 clam
 Cardiida - Trapezidae
 Cardiida - Kalenteridae
"Myoconcha gastrochaena" = Myoconcha giebeli1
"Myoconcha gastrochaena" = Myoconcha giebeli1 Cox 1932 clam
 Pholadida - Pleuromyidae
 Lucinida - Mactromyidae
Gastropoda
 Pseudomelanoidea - Pseudomelaniidae
"Rhabdoconcha fritschi" = Pseudomelania (Rhabdoconcha)1
"Rhabdoconcha fritschi" = Pseudomelania (Rhabdoconcha)1 snail
 Caenogastropoda - Coelostylinidae
 Ptenoglossa - Protoculidae
Undularia cf. scalata1 von Schlotheim 1892 snail
 Murchisoniina - Loxonematidae
"Loxonema obsoletum" = Loxonema obsoleta1
"Loxonema obsoletum" = Loxonema obsoleta1 de Sowerby and Murchison 1839 snail
 Murchisoniina - Zygopleuridae
"Turritella similis" = Loxonema (Polygyrina) lommeli1
"Turritella similis" = Loxonema (Polygyrina) lommeli1 Wissmann 1841 snail
 Murchisoniina - Phymatopleuridae
 Euomphalina - Euomphalidae
Euomphalus exiguus1 Kindle 1900 snail
Cephalopoda
 Ceratitida - Longobarditidae
"Ceratites strombecki" = Noetlingites strombecki1
"Ceratites strombecki" = Noetlingites strombecki1 Griepenkerl 1860 ceratite
 Ceratitida - Hedenstroemiidae
Beneckeia buchi1 Alberti 1860 ceratite
 Ceratitida - Balatonitidae
Balatonites ottonis1 von Buch 1848 ceratite
 Nautilida - Tainoceratidae
"Nautilus bidorsatus" = Germanonautilus bidorsatus1
"Nautilus bidorsatus" = Germanonautilus bidorsatus1 Schlotheim 1820 nautiloid
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Dentalium laeve1 Schlotheim 1820 tusk shell
Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida - Zeilleriidae
"Waldheimia angusta" = Silesiathyris angusta1
"Waldheimia angusta" = Silesiathyris angusta1 Schlotheim 1820
 Terebratulida - Dielasmatidae
Coenothyris vulgaris1 Schlotheim 1820
 Athyridida - Retziidae
 Spiriferinida - Spiriferinidae
Spiriferina mentzeli1 De Toni 1912
 Spiriferinida - Pennospiriferinidae
"Spiriferina fragilis" = Punctospirella fragilis1
"Spiriferina fragilis" = Punctospirella fragilis1 Schlotheim 1814
Lingulata
 Discinida - Disciniidae
Discina discoides1 Schlotheim 1820
Tentaculita
 Microconchida -
"Serpula valvata" = Microconchus valvatus1
"Serpula valvata" = Microconchus valvatus1 Munster 1831
Ophiuroidea
 Ophiacanthida - Ophiodermatidae
Ophioderma squamosum2 Schöndorf 1913 brittle star
 Ophiurida - Ophiuridae
"Aspidura scutellata" = Aspiduriella scutellata1, "Aspidura similis" = Aspiduriella similis2
"Aspidura scutellata" = Aspiduriella scutellata1 Blumenbach 1803 brittle star
"Aspidura similis" = Aspiduriella similis2 Eck 1865 brittle star
Echinoidea
 Cidaroida - Cidaridae
Cidaris grandavea1 pencil urchin
cf. Cidaris subnobilis1 Münster 1841 pencil urchin
 Euechinoidea - Triadocidaridae
"Cidaris transversa" = Triadocidaris transversa1
"Cidaris transversa" = Triadocidaris transversa1 von Meyer 1847 sea urchin
  -
Radiolus wachteri1 sea urchin
Radiolus subnodosus1 sea urchin
Crinoidea
 Encrinida - Encrinidae
Encrinus aculeatus1 von Meyer 1849 Sea lily
 Encrinida - Dadocrinidae
"Encrinus cf. carnalli" = Carnallicrinus carnalli1 Beyrich 1856 Sea lily
Dadocrinus gracilis2 von Buch 1845 Sea lily
 Isocrinida - Pentacrinitidae
Chondrichthyes
 Hybodontiformes - Acrodontidae
Palaeobates angustissimus1 Agassiz 1834 elasmobranch
Reptilia
 Eosauropterygia -
Cymatosaurus fridericianus4 Frtisch 1894 diapsid
BGR S 44/3: a small and incomplete juvenile skull from the lower Muschelkalk (Gogolin Beds, mu,) of Gogolin, Upper Silesia Rieppel, 1994a, Fig. 39)
Cymatosaurus fridericianus3 Frtisch 1894 diapsid
BGR S 44/3: a small and incomplete skull from the lower Muschelkalk (Gogolin Beds, mu,) of Gogolin, Upper Silesia Rieppel, 1994a, Fig. 39)
"Nothosaurus latifrons n. sp." = Cymatosaurus latifrons Gürich 1884 diapsid
Holotye (lost skull); BGR 9218
Proneusticosaurus silesiacus n. sp.6 Volz 1902 diapsid
Semi-articulated postcranial skeleton
 Eosauropterygia - Nothosauridae
Germanosaurus schafferi n. sp.4 Arthaber 1924 diapsid
NHMW uncatalogued: holotype skull; plus an isolated parietal (BGR uncatalogued)
Kolposaurus dichthadius n. sp.5 Skuphos 1893 diapsid
MGU Wr 3934s (holotype fragmentary remains)
Nothosaurus hecki5 Fritsch 1894 diapsid
Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wroclaw (MGU Wr 3865s); partial rostrum (SMNS 16248); left premaxilla (MGU Wr 3943s)
 Placodontia - Placodontidae
Placodus sp.1 Agassiz 1833 placodont
 Diapsida - Saurosphargidae
Hemilopas mentzeli6 Meyer 1847 diapsid
BRG S 44/1, mold of left dentary
 Pseudosuchia - Teratosauridae
"Cladyodon sp." = Cladeiodon
"Cladyodon sp." = Cladeiodon Owen 1841 teratosaurid
tooth
Osteichthyes
 Saurichthyiformes - Saurichthyidae
Saurichthys sp.1 Agassiz 1834 ray-finned fish
 Palaeonisciformes - Palaeoniscidae
Gyrolepis albertii1 Agassiz 1834
 Ichnofossils -