Station 110C [Ndalithoni Limestone] (Pliocene of Fiji)

Where: Fiji (17.2° S, 179.0° E: paleocoordinates 19.2° S, 178.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Ndalithoni Limestone Formation, Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From Ndalithoni Limestone, which overlies the Koro Mbasanga volcanics (?Late Miocene) and is overlain by Recent alluvium and beach sands. AGE: Pliocene according to Ladd (1945), and stage "h" of Van der Vlerk. Assigned to a Pliocene age, although Ladd's assignment is founded on lyelian percentages. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: Unknown position within unit.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: poorly lithified, tuffaceous, shelly/skeletal limestone

• ENVIRONMENT: Unknown environment, though presumably shallow water carbonate.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Tuffaceous limestone. Otherwise unknown lithology, though from limestone unit. LITHIFICATION: Presumed poorly lithified, given young age and extreme diversity relative to other underlying limestone units.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: COLLECTOR: H.S. Ladd and E.J. Hoffmeister, presumably with others. REPOSITORY: Unknown, possibly the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, or the USNM.

Primary reference: H. S. Ladd and J. E. Hoffmeister. 1945. Geology of Lau, Fiji. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 181 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 68181: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 07.01.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COMPLETENESS: Exhaustive for echinoidea, gastropoda, bivalvia, bryozoa, brachiopoda, and decapoda. NOMENCLATURE: Authoritative publication, although somewhat antiquated. Regular use of subgenera and species level identifications. Nomenclature vetted by A. Hendy (1/2007).
unclassified
  -
Malacostraca
 Decapoda - Dromiidae
? Dromia sp. Weber 1795 crab
 Decapoda - Oziidae
Menippe oceanica Rathbun 1945 crab
Menippe brevimanus Rathbun 1945 crab
 Decapoda -
Daira perlata Herbst 1790 crab
 Decapoda - Xanthidae
Atergatis laddi Rathbun 1945 stone crab
Lipaesthesius quadratus Rathbun 1945 stone crab
? Medaeus variabilis Rathbun 1945 stone crab
 Decapoda - Panopeidae
Panopeus lauensis Rathbun 1945 crab
 Decapoda - Palaeocorystidae
Ranina quinquespinosa Rathbun 1945 crab
 Decapoda - Thiidae
Thia simplex Rathbun 1945 crab
 Decapoda - Portunidae
Charybdis fijiensis Rathbun 1945 swimming crab
Charybdis hoffmeisteri Rathbun 1945 swimming crab
Portunus levigatus Rathbun 1945 swimming crab
Cronius obscura swimming crab
 Decapoda - Epialtidae
Libinia mbalavuensis Rathbun 1945 crab
Epialtus pacificus Rathbun 1945 crab
 Decapoda - Majidae
Thoe vanuaensis Rathbun 1945 spider crab
 Decapoda - Atelecyclidae
Trachycarcinus decorus Rathbun 1945 crab
 Decapoda -
Plagiolophus vitiensis Rathbun 1945 crab
Vanua linearius Rathbun 1945 decapod
 Decapoda - Paguridae
Dardanus lauensis Rathbun 1945 hermit crab
Rhynchonellata
 Rhynchonellida - Basiliolidae
"Neohemithyris cf. lucida" = Basiliola lucida
"Neohemithyris cf. lucida" = Basiliola lucida Gould 1860
Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Spondylus barbatus, "Pecten (Chlamys) lauensis" = Laevichlamys lauensis
Spondylus barbatus Reeve 1856 scallop
"Pecten (Chlamys) lauensis" = Laevichlamys lauensis Ladd 1945 scallop
 Pectinida - Limidae
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Gastropoda
 Neritoina - Neritopsidae
"Neritopsis radula" = Neritopsis radula, "Neritopsis (Neritopsis) radula" = Neritopsis radula1
"Neritopsis radula" = Neritopsis radula Linnaeus 1758 snail
"Neritopsis (Neritopsis) radula" = Neritopsis radula1 Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Patellogastropoda - Nacellidae
"Helcioniscus aff. sagittata" = Cellana sagittata, "Cellana aff. sagittata" = Cellana sagittata1
"Helcioniscus aff. sagittata" = Cellana sagittata Ladd 1945 limpet
"Cellana aff. sagittata" = Cellana sagittata1 Ladd 1945 limpet
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullinidae
"Pachycrommium stockwelli" = Pachycrommium harrisi
"Pachycrommium stockwelli" = Pachycrommium harrisi Pannekoek 1936 snail
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
 Vanikoroidea - Hipponicidae
Hipponix sp. Defrance 1819 hoof shell
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
"Cypraea (Pustularia) margarita" = Pustularia margarita, "Cypraea (Pustularia) nucleus" = Cypraea (Staphylaea) nucleus, Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola3, "Cypraea (Erosaria) cf. eburnea" = Erosaria eburnea, Cypraea (Erronea) mbalavuensis
"Cypraea (Pustularia) margarita" = Pustularia margarita Dillwyn 1817 cowry
"Cypraea (Pustularia) nucleus" = Cypraea (Staphylaea) nucleus Linnaeus 1758 cowry
Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola3 Linnaeus 1758 cowry
"Cypraea (Erosaria) cf. eburnea" = Erosaria eburnea Barnes 1824 Ivory Cowry
 Neritoidea - Neritidae
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
Turbo (Turbo) petholatus1 Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
"Sinum lekalekanum" = Synaptocochlea lekalekanum Ladd 1945 top snail
Echinoidea
 Cidaroida - Cidaridae
Phyllacanthus imperialis Lamarck 1816 pencil urchin
Eucidaris metularia Lamarck 1816 pencil urchin
 Camarodonta - Echinometridae
Heterocentrotus sp. Brandt 1835 sea urchin
 Spatangoida - Schizasteridae
"Paraster hyperocus" = Schizaster (Paraster)
"Paraster hyperocus" = Schizaster (Paraster) heart urchin
 Spatangoida - Brissidae
Brissus latecarinatus Leske 1778 heart urchin
 Clypeasteroida - Clypeasteridae
Etisodes ornata
  -
Etisodes ornata Rathbun 1945