Vayres-sure-Essone (Oligocene of France)

Also known as Carrière de La Roche-Cassée

Where: France (48.5° N, 2.3° W: paleocoordinates 47.7° N, 5.7° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Oligocene (33.9 - 28.4 Ma)

• "base of the Upper Stampian"; entirely from a 0.10 m bed

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; pebbly sandstone

• undelrying bed indicates a "marine infralittoral environment" and vertebrate assemblage is from "both sides of the shoreline"
• "complex unit of pebbly sands"

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: D. Merle, J.-P. Baut, L. Ginsburg, C. Sagne, S. Hervet, R.-P. Carriol, M.-T. Vénec-Peyré, M.-M. Blanc-Valleron, C. Mourer-Chauviré, D. Arambol, and P. Viette. 2002. Découverte d'une faune de vertébrés dans l'Oligocène inférieur de Vayres-sur-Essone (bassin de Paris, France): biodiversité et paléoenvironnement. Comptes Rendus Palevol 1(2):111-116 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 69805: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 07.03.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Chondrichthyes
 Squaliformes - Squalidae
Squalus alsaticus dogfish shark
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina angeloides Van Beneden 1873 angel shark
 Odontaspidida - Alopiidae
Alopias exigua thresher shark
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis sp. Rafinesque 1810 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae
Rhinoptera sp. Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis oligocaena Leriche 1910 eagle ray
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
"Notorhynchus primigenius" = Notidanus primigenius
"Notorhynchus primigenius" = Notidanus primigenius Agassiz 1843 cow shark
 Lamniformes - Cetorhinidae
"Cetorhinus parvus" = Keasius parvus
"Cetorhinus parvus" = Keasius parvus Leriche 1908 basking shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
Carcharocles angustidens Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus desori Sismonda 1849 mako shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias acutissima, "Carcharias cuspidata" = Carcharias cuspidatus
Carcharias acutissima Agassiz 1843 sand shark
"Carcharias cuspidata" = Carcharias cuspidatus Agassiz 1843 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Physogaleus latus requiem shark
Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
"Carcharhinus elongatus" = Sphyrna elongata
"Carcharhinus elongatus" = Sphyrna elongata Leriche 1910 hammerhead shark
  - Scyllidae
"Scyliorhinus" sp. Blainville 1816 shark
 Chimaeriformes - Chimaeridae
Actinopteri
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena sp. Walbaum 1792 barracuda
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
Scombridae indet. Rafinesque 1815
Cybium sp. Cuvier 1829
 Perciformes -
Sphyraenodus sp. Agassiz 1843 perch-like fish
 Spariformes - Sparidae
Diplodus sp. Rafinesque 1810
Sparus sp. Linnaeus 1758
 Labriformes - Labridae
Labrodon sp. Gervais 1857
 Labriformes - Scaridae
Scarus sp. Gronovius 1763
 Tetraodontiformes - Diodontidae
Diodon sp. Linnaeus 1758
 Siluriformes - Siluridae
? Pimelodus sp. Lacepede catfish
Reptilia
 Testudines - Cheloniidae
Cheloniidae indet. Bonaparte 1832 sea turtle
"Chelonidae indet."
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudinidae indet. Batsch 1788 turtle
"Testudinei indet."
Aves
 Natatores -
Pelecaniformes indet. Sharpe 1891 bird
"Pelicaniforme indet."
Mammalia
 Sirenia - Dugongidae
"Halitherium schinzi" = Halitherium schinzii
"Halitherium schinzi" = Halitherium schinzii Kaup 1838 dugong
 Perissodactyla - Pachynolophidae
"Plagiolophus fraasi" = Plagiolophus (Paloplotherium) fraasi
"Plagiolophus fraasi" = Plagiolophus (Paloplotherium) fraasi von Meyer 1852 odd-toed ungulate
 Artiodactyla - Entelodontidae
Entelodon cf. deguilheimi Reppelin 1918 even-toed ungulate
 Artiodactyla -
Anthracotherium magnum Cuvier 1822 even-toed ungulate
 Artiodactyla - Gelocidae
Bachitherium curtum Filhol 1877 ruminant