Makwe Rock Shelter (Holocene of Zambia)

Also known as ETE Locality 713, Makwe Rock Shelter,

Where: Zambia (14.4° S, 31.9° E: paleocoordinates 14.4° S, 31.9° E)

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: on charcoal; dates range from 750 AD +-80 to 3480 BC +- 140 radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: cave

• ETE sed env 1: karst, ETE sed env 2: cave ETE event: ., ETE env comment: rock shelter
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: rocky kopje of qurtzofeldspathic rock

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 478, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: D. W. Phillipson. 1976. The Prehistory of Eastern Zambia. Memoir of the British Institute in Eastern Africa 6 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 21894: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 13.05.1997, edited by Richard Potts and John Damuth

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Gastropoda
 Pulmonata - Achatinidae
Achatina indet. Lamarck 1799 slug
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Actinopteri
 Siluriformes - Clariidae
Reptilia
 Squamata - Varanidae
Varanus sp. Merrem 1820 monitor lizard
Mammalia
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sapiens Linnaeus 1758 human
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
"Cercopithecus aethiops" = Chlorocebus aethiops
"Cercopithecus aethiops" = Chlorocebus aethiops Linnaeus 1758 vervet monkey
 Primates - Galagidae
Galago senegalensis Geoffroy 1796 Senegal bushbaby
 Rodentia - Nesomyidae
Dendromus mystacalis African climbing mice
 Rodentia - Muridae
Lemniscomys griselda striped grass mouse
Praomys natalensis African soft-furred rat
Pelomys fallax groove-toothed swamp rat
Tatera valida large naked-soled gerbil
Tatera leucogaster large naked-soled gerbil
Saccostomus campestris pouched mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Paraxerus cepapi African Bush Squirrel
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Graphiurus murinus Desmarest 1822 dormouse
 Rodentia - Bathyergidae
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
Thryonomys swinderianus Temminck 1827 greater cane rat
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli
"Equus burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli Gray 1824 Burchell's zebra
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Crocidura hirta white-toothed shrew
Crocidura luna white-toothed shrew
Crocidura bicolor white-toothed shrew
 Chiroptera - Molossidae
Tadarida sp. Rafinesque 1814 free-tailed bat
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis familiaris Linnaeus 1758 dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758 lion
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Herpestes sanguineus Rüppell 1835 slender mongoose
 Hyracoidea - Procaviidae
Heterohyrax brucei Gray 1868 rock hyrax
 Macroscelidea - Macroscelididae
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Potamochoerus porcus Linnaeus 1758 red river hog
Phacochoerus aethiopicus Pallas 1766 desert warthog
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bos taurus Linnaeus 1758 cow
Syncerus caffer Sparman 1779 African buffalo
Tragelaphus strepsiceros Pallas 1766 greater kudu
Taurotragus oryx Pallas 1766 common eland
Oreotragus oreotragus Zimmermann 1783 klipspringer
Alcelaphus buselaphus Pallas 1766 hartebeest
"Connochaetes taurinus" = Connochaetes taurina Burchell 1823 blue wildebeest
"Sylvicapra grimmia" = Cephalophus grimmia Linnaeus 1758 common duiker
Capra hircus Linnaeus 1758 domestic goat
Redunca arundinum Boddaert 1785 southern reedbuck
Aepyceros melampus Lichtenstein 1812 impala
Magnoliopsida
 Gentianales - Loganiaceae
Foraminferea
 Miliolida - Milioliporidae