Kaisergrube near Gemuenden, Germany (Devonian of Germany)

Where: Gemuenden, Germany (50.0° N, 8.0° E: paleocoordinates 26.4° S, 5.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Hunsrueck Slate Formation, Early/Lower Emsian (409.1 - 402.5 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; slate

• dark grey to black.

Size classes: macrofossils, microfossils

Collection methods: quarrying, chemical, mechanical,

Primary reference: W. Stuermer and F. Schaarschmidt. 1980. Pflanzen im Hunsrueckschiefer. Versteinertes Leben im Roentgenlicht 11:19-25 [P. Gensel/C. Bernard/C. Bernard]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 26903: authorized by Pat Gensel, entered by Caroline Bernard on 07.11.2002, edited by Phil Novack-Gottshall

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Diaphanospora riciniata
spore, Blame & Hassell
Bactrocrinus jaekeli
dicyclican/crinoid, W.E. Schmidt
Bactrocrinus ? trabicus
dicyclican/crinoid, W.E. Schmidt
Hunsrueckia problematica
arthrodiran/fish, Traquair
Boletzyka longa n. gen. n. sp.
Placodermi
 Arthrodira - Gemuendenaspidae
Gemuendenaspis angusta Traquair 1903 armour-plated fish
arthrodiran/fish, (Miles)
  -
Nessariostoma granulosum Broili 1933 armour-plated fish
rhenanidan/fish, Broili
 Pseudopetalichthyida - Paraplesiobatidae
Pseudopetalichthys problematicus armour-plated fish
rhenanidan/fish, Moy-Thomas
 Rhenanida - Asterosteidae
Gemuendina stuertzi Traquair 1903 armour-plated fish
rhenanidan/fish, Traquair
Chondrichthyes
  - Machaeracanthidae
Machaeracanthus sp. Newberry 1857 spiny fish
arthrodiran/fish
Pteraspidomorpha
 Pteraspidiformes -
Pteraspis dunensis Roemer 1854
smithwoodwardi. agnathan/vertebrate, Broili
 Pteraspidiformes - Psammosteidae
Drepanaspis gemuendensis
agnathan/vertebrate, Schlueter
Stylophora
 Mitrata - Anomalocystitidae
Rhenocystis latipedunculata
stylophoran/echinoderm, Dehm
Holothuroidea
 Arthrochirotida - Palaeocucumariidae
Palaeocucumaria hunsrueckiana Lehmann 1958 sea cucumber
holothuroid, Lehmann
Ophiuroidea
 Oegophiurida - Protasteridae
Taeniaster beneckei brittle star
ophiuroidean/asterozoan, (Stuertz)
Asteroidea
 Hadrosida - Xenasteridae
Palaenectria devonica Stürtz 1893 sea star
asteroidean/asterozoan, Stuertz
Crinoidea
 Pisocrinida - Pisocrinidae
Calycanthocrinus decadactylus Sea lily
ssp. monocyclican/crinoid, W.E. Schmidt
Triacrinus elongatus Sea lily
monocyclican/crinoid, Follmann
 Taxocrinida - Taxocrinidae
Eutaxocrinus prognatus Sea lily
dicyclican/crinoid, W.E. Schmidt
 Dendrocrinida - Rutkowskicrinidae
Propoteriocrinus scopae Schmidt 1934 Sea lily
dicyclican/crinoid, W.E. Schmidt
 Dendrocrinida - Mastigocrinidae
Dictenocrinus semipinnulatus Sea lily
dicyclican/crinoid, (W.E. Schmidt)
Follicrinus grebei Sea lily
dicyclican/crinoid, (Follmann)
Follicrinus kayseri Sea lily
dicyclican/crinoid, (Jaekel)
Lasiocrinus subramulosus Sea lily
dicyclican/crinoid, W.E. Schmidt
 Dendrocrinida - Dendrocrinidae
Parisangulocrinus zeaeformis Sea lily
dicyclican/crinoid, (Follmann)
 Cyathocrinida - Codiacrinidae
Codiacrinus schultzei Sea lily
dicyclican/crinoid, Follmann
 Monobathrida - Hapalocrinidae
Hapalocrinus rauffi Sea lily
monocyclican/crinoid, (W.E. Schmidt)
Culicocrinus spinatus Sea lily
monocyclican/crinoid, Jaekel
 Monobathrida - Hexacrinitidae
Arthroacantha ? claviger Sea lily
monocyclican/crinoid, W.E. Schmidt
 Diplobathrida - Rhodocrinitidae
Acanthocrinus rex crinoid
dicyclican/crinoid, Jaekel
 Rhombifera - Pleurocystitidae
Regulaecystis pleurocystoides Dehm 1932
cystoid/crinozoan, Dehm
Cephalopoda
 Agoniatitida - Mimagoniatitidae
"Mimagoniatites falcistria" = Mimagoniatites fecundus
"Mimagoniatites falcistria" = Mimagoniatites fecundus Barrande 1865 ammonite
ammonoid, (Fuchs)
 Agoniatitida - Mimosphinctidae
Mimosphinctes sp. Eichenberg 1931 ammonite
ammonoid
Anetoceras arduennense Steininger 1853 ammonite
ammonoid, (Steininger)
 Orthocerida - Orthoceratidae
"Orthoceras" planicanaliculatum
cephalopod, Sandberger
"Orthoceras" tenuilineatum
cephalopod, Sandberger
 Boletzkyida - Naefiteuthididae
Naefiteuthis breviphragmoconus n. gen. n. sp. Bandel et al. 1983
Malacostraca
 Archaeostraca - Ceratiocarididae
Heroldina rhenana
phyllocarid, (Broili)
Pycnogonida
  -
Palaeothea devonica Bergstroem et al. 1980 sea spider
palaeopantopod, Bergstroem & Stuermer
Scyphozoa
 Conulariida - Conulariidae
Conularia gemuendina jellyfish
scyphozoan, R. & E. Richter
Demospongiae
 Protomonaxonida - Choiidae
aff. Choia sp. Walcott 1920 demosponge
? aff. Choia sp. sponge.
Punctatisporites
  -
Punctatisporites gemuendensis
spore, Karathanasopoulos
Retusotriletes
  -
Retusotriletes communis
spore, Naumova
Retusotriletes pychovii
spore, Naumova
Retusotriletes cf. rotundus
spore, (Streel) Lele & Streel
Pteridopsida
  -
Leiotriletes atavus
spore, Naumova
Leiotriletes simplex
spore, Naumova
Leiotriletes sp. Potonie and Kremp 1954
spore
Leiotriletes cf. sphaerotriangulus Potonie and Kremp 1954
spore, (Loose) Potonie & Kremp
Granulatisporites frustulentus
spore, Blame & Hassell
Granulatisporites sp. Potonié and Kremp 1954
spore
Lycopsida
  -
Lycospora cf. pusillus
spore, (Ibrahim) Schopf, Wilson & Bentall
Emphanisporites
  -
Emphanisporites cf. epicautus
spore, Richardson & Lister
Emphanisporites erraticus
spore, (Eisenack) McGregor
Emphanisporites protophanus
spore, Richardson & Ioannides
Emphanisporites schulzii
spore, McGregor
Gravisporites
  -
Gravisporites sp. Bharadwaj 1962
spore
Phyllothecotriletes
  -
Stenozonotriletes
  -
Stenozonotriletes extensus
var. major. spore, Naumova
Stenozonotriletes simplex
  -
Stenozonotriletes simplex Naumova 1953
spore, Naumova
Dictyotriletes
  -
Sphenopsida
  -
Calamospora cf. atava
spore, (Naumova) McGregor
Taeniocrada
  -
Acanthotriletes
  -
Acanthotriletes simplex
spore, Naumova
Densosporites
  -
Densosporites atavus
spore, DE Jersey
Hexacrinus
  -
Hexacrinus inhospitalis
monocyclican/crinoid, W.E. Schmidt