5th Street and Hope Street (Pliocene of the United States)

Also known as Fifth Street and Hope Street

Where: Los Angeles County, California (34.1° N, 118.3° W: paleocoordinates 33.9° N, 117.3° W)

When: Fernando Formation, Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

Environment/lithology: marine; brown, gray, green, silty, sandy shale and conglomerate

• "silty and sandy shales of a buff to olive gray and brownish gray color, with a few thin layers of conglomerate, small pebbles, and fragments of molluscan fossils. The rich molluscan fossil zone near the top of the exposed section consists in places of about 30 to 40 per cent broken and unbroken calcareous shells.

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the CIT, LACM

• These collections are now located at the University of California at Los Angeles, the California Institute of Technology, and the Los Angeles Museum of History, Science, and Art.

Primary reference: E. K. Soper and U. S. Grant, IV. 1932. Geology and Paleontology of a Portion of Los Angeles, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin 43(4):1041-1068 [J. Marcot/J. Marcot]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 200398: authorized by Jonathan Marcot, entered by Jonathan Marcot on 02.04.2019

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Pecten (Janira) bellus, "Pecten (Patinopecten) caurinus" = Patinopecten caurinus, "Pecten (Peden) opuntia" = Chlamys opuntia
Pecten (Janira) bellus Conrad 1857 scallop
"Pecten (Patinopecten) caurinus" = Patinopecten caurinus Gould 1850 scallop
"Pecten (Peden) opuntia" = Chlamys opuntia Dall 1898 scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
"Pododesmus (Mania) macroschisma" = Pododesmus macrochisma
"Pododesmus (Mania) macroschisma" = Pododesmus macrochisma Deshayes 1839 scallop
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Botula sp., "Lithophaga plumula" = Lithophaga (Diberus) plumula
Botula sp. Mörch 1853 mussel
"Lithophaga plumula" = Lithophaga (Diberus) plumula Hanley 1844 mussel
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Cardita occidentalis" = Cyclocardia (Cyclocardia) occidentalis
"Cardita occidentalis" = Cyclocardia (Cyclocardia) occidentalis Conrad 1855 clam
 Pholadida - Myidae
Cryptomya californica Conrad 1837 softshell clam
 Pholadida - Teredinidae
Teredo sp. Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama pellucida Broderip 1835 jewel box
Pseudochama exogyra Conrad 1837 jewel box
 Cardiida - Mactridae
"Madra (Spisula) hemphilli" = Mactromeris hemphillii
"Madra (Spisula) hemphilli" = Mactromeris hemphillii Dall 1894 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Saxidomus nuttalli, "Psephidia cymata" = Nutricola cymata, "Psephidia ovalis" = Nutricola ovalis, "Transennella tantilla" = Nutricola tantilla
Saxidomus nuttalli Conrad 1837 venus clam
"Psephidia cymata" = Nutricola cymata Dall 1913 venus clam
"Psephidia ovalis" = Nutricola ovalis Dall 1902 venus clam
"Transennella tantilla" = Nutricola tantilla Gould 1853 venus clam
 Cardiida - Psammobiidae
 Cardiida - Semelidae
"Semele decisa" = Semele (Semele) decisa Conrad 1837 clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Laevicardium (Trachycardium) quadragenarium" = Trachycardium (Dallocardia) quadragenarium Conrad 1837 cockle
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
"Saxicava arctica" = Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica
"Saxicava arctica" = Hiatella (Hiatella) arctica Linnaeus 1767 clam
 Solenida - Solenidae
"Solen sicarius" = Solen (Ensisolen) sicarius
"Solen sicarius" = Solen (Ensisolen) sicarius Gould 1850 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Lucina tenuisculpta" = Parvilucina tenuisculpta, "Lucina acutilineata" = Lucinoma acutilineata
"Lucina tenuisculpta" = Parvilucina tenuisculpta Carpenter 1864 clam
"Lucina acutilineata" = Lucinoma acutilineata Conrad 1849 clam
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
"Nuculana taphria" = Saccella taphria
"Nuculana taphria" = Saccella taphria Dall 1896 pointed nut clam
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
Epitonium (Nitidiscala) indianorum, "Epitonium (Opalia) gouldi" = Opalia
Epitonium (Nitidiscala) indianorum Carpenter 1864 wentletrap
"Epitonium (Opalia) gouldi" = Opalia wentletrap
 Patellogastropoda - Lottiidae
Acmaea mitra Eschscholtz 1833 limpet
  - Siphonaliidae
"Cantharus fortis" = Calicantharus fortis
"Cantharus fortis" = Calicantharus fortis Carpenter 1866 snail
as Cantharus fortis angulatus
 Cephalaspidea - Retusidae
Volvulella cylindrica Carpenter 1865 snail
 Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae
Cylichna alba Brown 1827 snail
 Triphoroidea - Cerithiopsidae
Seila montereyensis Bartsch 1907 snail
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
"Olivella pedroana" = Olivella (Callianax) pedroana
"Olivella pedroana" = Olivella (Callianax) pedroana Conrad 1856 olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
Mitrella carinata snail
as Mitrella carinata gausapata
Mitrella tuberosa Carpenter 1864 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Nassarius (Schizopyga) mendicus snail
as Nassarius (Schizopyga) mendicus mendicus and Nassarius (Schizopyga) mendicus cooperi
"Nassarius moranianus" = Nassarius (Caesia) moranianus Martin 1914 snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Fusinus barbarensis snail
occurrence questionable
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
 Neogastropoda - Mitridae
Mitra lowei mitre shell
"Mitra idae" = Mitra (Atrimitra) idae Melville 1893 mitre shell
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Trophon (Trophonopsis) tenuisculptus, Forreria belcheri, "Trophon (Boreotrophon) pacificus" = Boreotrophon, "Trophon (Boreotrophon) stuarti" = Boreotrophon, Trophon (Boreotrophon) raymondi, Trophon (Boreotrophon) multicostatus, Purpura carpenteri, Purpura petri, "Tritonalia foveolata" = Purpura (Tritonalia), "Tritonalia barbarensis" = Purpura (Tritonalia), "Tritonalia squamulifera" = Purpura (Tritonalia), Tritonalia interfossa, Tritonalia lurida, Murex santarosana, "Purpura (Jaton) gemma" = Jaton
Forreria belcheri murex snail
"Trophon (Boreotrophon) pacificus" = Boreotrophon murex snail
"Trophon (Boreotrophon) stuarti" = Boreotrophon murex snail
Trophon (Boreotrophon) raymondi Moody 1916 murex snail
Trophon (Boreotrophon) multicostatus Eschscholtz 1829 murex snail
Purpura carpenteri murex snail
Purpura petri murex snail
as "Purpura” petri
"Tritonalia foveolata" = Purpura (Tritonalia) murex snail
"Tritonalia barbarensis" = Purpura (Tritonalia) murex snail
"Tritonalia squamulifera" = Purpura (Tritonalia) murex snail
Tritonalia interfossa Carpenter 1864 murex snail
as Tritonalia interfossa ? clathrata
Tritonalia lurida Middendorff 1848 murex snail
as Tritonalia lurida lurida and Tritonalia lurida munda
Murex santarosana murex snail
"Purpura (Jaton) gemma" = Jaton murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae
"Mangelia (Bela) hecetae" = Bela
"Mangelia (Bela) hecetae" = Bela snail
as Mangelia (Bela) hecetae barbarensis
 Neogastropoda - Drilliidae
Clathrodrillia incisa snail
genus misspelled as "Clathodrillia"; as Clathodrillia incisa fancherae
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
"Spirotropis (Antiplanes) cf. voyi" = Antiplanes, Spirotropis (Antiplanes) perversa, "Megasurcula stearnsiana" = Surculites (Megasurcula), Megasurcula carpenteriana
"Spirotropis (Antiplanes) cf. voyi" = Antiplanes turrid
"Megasurcula stearnsiana" = Surculites (Megasurcula) turrid
Megasurcula carpenteriana Gabb 1865 turrid
as Megasurcula carpenteriana carpenteriana and Megasurcula carpenteriana tryoniana
 Neogastropoda -
"Clathurella conradiana" = Glyphostoma conradiana
"Clathurella conradiana" = Glyphostoma conradiana Gabb 1866 snail
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
"Conus californicus" = Californiconus californicus
"Conus californicus" = Californiconus californicus Reeve 1844 cone shell
 Neogastropoda - Pseudomelatomidae
 Vanikoroidea - Hipponicidae
Cheilea equestris Linnaeus 1758 hoof shell
Hipponix tumens hoof shell
Hipponix antiquatus Linnaeus 1767 hoof shell
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
 Velutinoidea - Triviidae
Trivia ritteri Raymond 1903 snail
"Erato vitellina" = Hespererato vitellina Hinds 1844 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"Natica (Tectonatica) clausa" = Cryptonatica affinis, "Polinices (Neverita) reclusianus" = Glossaulax reclusiana
"Natica (Tectonatica) clausa" = Cryptonatica affinis Gmelin 1791 moon snail
"Polinices (Neverita) reclusianus" = Glossaulax reclusiana Deshayes 1839 moon snail
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
"Cypraea spadicea" = Zonaria (Neobernaya) spadicea
"Cypraea spadicea" = Zonaria (Neobernaya) spadicea Swainson 1823 cowry
 Vermetoidea - Vermetidae
Aletes squamigerus Carpenter 1857 worm shell
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Crucibulum imbricatum slipper shell
Crucibulum spinosum slipper shell
Calyptraea filosa Gabb 1866 slipper shell
Crepidula nummaria Gould 1846 slipper shell
Crepidula onyx Sowerby 1824 slipper shell
Crepidula princeps Conrad 1855 slipper shell
"Crepidula aculeata" = Bostrycapulus aculeatus Gmelin 1791 slipper shell
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
"Ranella (Priene) oregonensis" = Fusitriton oregonensis
"Ranella (Priene) oregonensis" = Fusitriton oregonensis Redfield 1846 triton shell
 Tonnoidea - Bursidae
"Bursa californica" = Crossata ventricosa
"Bursa californica" = Crossata ventricosa Broderip 1833 frog shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella cooperi Carpenter 1864 turret shell
"Turritella goniostoma" = Turritella (Broderiptella) gonostoma Valenciennes 1832 turret shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
 Haliotoidea - Haliotidae
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
Diodora aspera Rathke 1833 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
 Trochoidea - Tegulidae
Tegula sp. Lesson 1835 snail
probably misspelled as "Tagula sp."
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Dentalium neohexagonum Sharp and Pilsbry 1897 tusk shell
 Gadilida - Gadilidae
 Neoloricata - Callistoplacidae
Callistochiton palmidatus chiton
as Callistochiton palmidatus mirabilis
 Cheilostomata - Cellariidae
 Cyclostomata - Multisparsidae
Chondrichthyes indet. Huxley 1880 cartilaginous fish
"Sharks' teeth"
 Scleractinia - Rhizangiidae
Astrangia insignifica Nomland 1916 stony coral