Back Creek Cave #1 (Pleistocene to of the United States)

Also known as Cook Cave

Where: Bath County, Virginia (38.0° N, 79.8° W: paleocoordinates 38.0° N, 79.8° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene to Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: cave; lithology not reported

• rock shelter

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Preservation: bone collector

Primary reference: R. Eshelman and F. Grady. 1986. Quaternary vertebrate localities of Virginia and their avian and mammalian fauna. Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, Publication 75:43-70 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 104034: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 05.02.2011

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Aves -
 Galliformes - Tetraonidae
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Ectopistes migratorius Linnaeus 1758 passenger pigeon
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
cf. Corvus sp. Linnaeus 1758 crow
 Passeriformes - Fringillidae
"cf. Carpodacus purpureus" = Haemorhous purpureus
"cf. Carpodacus purpureus" = Haemorhous purpureus Gmelin 1789 purple finch
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Accipiter cooperii Bonaparte 1828 Cooper's hawk
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Neotoma floridana Ord 1818 eastern woodrat
Ondatra zibethicus Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
Synaptomys cooperi Baird 1858 southern bog lemming
Phenacomys intermedius Merriam 1889 western heather vole
Clethrionomys gapperi Vigors 1830 southern red-backed vole
Microtus pinetorum Le Conte 1830 woodland vole
Microtus pennsylvanicus Ord 1815 meadow vole
Microtus chrotorrhinus Miller 1894 rock vole
"Synaptomys borealis" = Synaptomys (Mictomys) borealis Richardson 1828 northern bog lemming
Peromyscus sp. Gloger 1841 deer mouse
Peromyscus maniculatus Wagner 1843 deer mouse
Peromyscus leucopus Rafinesque 1818 white-footed mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciurus sp. Linnaeus 1758 squirrel
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Mitchell 1821 thirteen-lined ground squirrel
Marmota monax Linnaeus 1758 groundhog
Tamias striatus Linnaeus 1758 eastern chipmunk
Glaucomys sp. Thomas 1908 flying squirrel
Glaucomys cf. volans Linnaeus 1758 southern flying squirrel
Glaucomys cf. sabrinus Shaw 1801 northern flying squirrel
Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Erxleben 1777 American red squirrel
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor canadensis Kuhl 1820 American beaver
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Scalopus aquaticus Linnaeus 1758 eastern mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex cinereus Kerr 1792 cinereus shrew
Sorex fumeus Miller 1895 smoky shrew
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus americanus Pallas 1780 black bear
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon lotor Linnaeus 1758 raccoon
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Mustela rixosa" = Mustela nivalis
"Mustela rixosa" = Mustela nivalis Linnaeus 1766 least weasel
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis sp. Kaup 1829 vesper bat
Eptesicus fuscus Beauvois 1796 big brown bat
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Mylohyus sp. Cope 1869 peccary