La Carolina (Pleistocene of Ecuador)

Where: Ecuador (0.2° S, 78.5° W: paleocoordinates 0.2° S, 78.5° W)

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: K. E. Campbell. 1976. The late Pleistocene avifauna of La Carolina, southwestern Ecuador. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 27:155-168 [M. Uhen/S. Alam/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 152599: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Shahed Alam on 26.11.2013

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Aves
 Pelecaniformes - Ardeidae
Nycticorax nycticorax Linnaeus 1758 black-crowned night heron
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anas sp. Linnaeus 1758 dabbling duck
Anas bahamensis Linnaeus 1758 white-cheeked pintail
Dendrocygna autumnalis Linnaeus 1758 Black-bellied whistling duck
 Strigiformes - Tytonidae
Tyto alba Scopoli 1769 barn owl
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
"Speotyto cunicularia" = Athene cunicularia
"Speotyto cunicularia" = Athene cunicularia Molina 1782 burrowing owl
 Psittaciformes - Psittacidae
Aratinga sp. Spix 1824 parrot
Aratinga roosevelti Spillman 1942 parrot
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Zenaida asiatica Linnaeus 1758 white-winged dove
Zenaida auriculata Des Murs 1847 eared dove
Columbina cruziana Prévost 1832 croaking ground-dove
 Cathartiformes - Cathartidae
Coragyps cf. atratus Bechstein 1793 black vulture
Cathartes aura Linnaeus 1758 turkey vulture
 Falconiformes - Falconidae
Milvago sp. Spix 1824 caracara
Polyborus plancus Miller 1777 southern caracara
Falco peregrinus Tunstall 1771 Peregrine falcon
Falco femoralis Temminck 1822 Aplomado falcon
 Charadriiformes - Thinocoridae
Thinocorus rumicivorus Eschscholtz 1829 least seedsnipe
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
Numenius phaeopus, Bartramia longicauda, "Steganopus tricolor" = Phalaropus tricolor, "Lobipes lobatus" = Phalaropus lobatus, "Steganopus sp." = Phalaropus, Phalaropus fulicarius, "Ereunetes mauri" = Calidris mauri, "Micropalama himantopus" = Calidris himantopus, "Erolia melanotos" = Calidris melanotos, Calidris canutus, "Ereunetes pusillus" = Calidris pusilla, Limosa fedoa, Arenaria interpres, "Totanus melanoleucus" = Tringa melanoleuca, Tringa solitaria, "Totanus flavipes" = Tringa flavipes, "Catoptrophorus semipalmatus" = Tringa semipalmata
Numenius phaeopus Linnaeus 1758 whimbrel
Bartramia longicauda Bechstein 1812 upland sandpiper
"Steganopus tricolor" = Phalaropus tricolor Vieillot 1819 Wilson's phalarope
"Lobipes lobatus" = Phalaropus lobatus Linnaeus 1758 red-necked phalarope
"Steganopus sp." = Phalaropus Brisson 1760 phalarope
Phalaropus fulicarius Linnaeus 1758 red phalarope
"Ereunetes mauri" = Calidris mauri Cabanis 1857 western sandpiper
"Micropalama himantopus" = Calidris himantopus Bonaparte 1826 stilt sandpiper
"Erolia melanotos" = Calidris melanotos Vieillot 1819 pectoral sandpiper
Calidris canutus Linnaeus 1758 red knot
"Ereunetes pusillus" = Calidris pusilla Linnaeus 1766 semipalmated sandpiper
Limosa fedoa Linnaeus 1758 marbled godwit
Arenaria interpres Linnaeus 1758 ruddy turnstone
"Totanus melanoleucus" = Tringa melanoleuca Gmelin 1789 greater yellowlegs
Tringa solitaria Wilson 1813 solitary sandpiper
"Totanus flavipes" = Tringa flavipes Gmelin 1789 lesser yellowlegs
"Catoptrophorus semipalmatus" = Tringa semipalmata Gmelin 1789 willet
 Charadriiformes - Recurvirostridae
Himantopus mexicanus Muller 1776 black-necked stilt
 Charadriiformes - Burhinidae
Burhinus superciliaris von Tschudi 1843 Peruvian thick-knee
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
"Larus pipixcan" = Leucophaeus pipixcan Wagler 1831 Franklin's gull
Larosterna inca Lesson and Garnot 1827 inca tern
 Charadriiformes - Charadriidae
Pluvialis squatarola Linnaeus 1758 black-bellied plover
Pluvialis dominica Mueller 1776 American golden plover
Charadrius vociferus Linnaeus 1758 killdeer
Charadrius semipalmatus Bonaparte 1825 semipalmated plover
Oreopholus orcesi n. sp. Campbell 1976 lapwing
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Circus cinereus Vieillot 1816 Cinereous harrier
"Buteo polyosoma" = Geranoaetus polyosoma Quoy and Gaimard 1824 variable hawk
Geranoaetus melanoleucus Vieillot 1819 black-chested buzzard eagle
Buteo hoffstetteri n. sp. Campbell 1976 hawk