Villany locality 3 (Pliocene of Hungary)

Also known as Villany-Kalkberg-Nord, Villány 3, Villány-Kalkberg-Nord

Where: Barany, Hungary (45.9° N, 18.5° E: paleocoordinates 45.8° N, 18.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Villanyian (3.2 - 2.6 Ma)

• Villany 3 is the type locality of the Villanyian fauna, and is in the Upper Villanyian. Late Pliocene, MN17.


• 'The site is situated in the northern wall of the eastern end of the ridge quarry. A cleft, on the average 1m wide and lying in a direction east to west, cuts through the Lower Malm Oxfordian limestone, and is filled with red sediment cemented by secondary calcite formation.'
• a 1m wide cleft running from east to west, infilled with red sediment cemented by secondary calcite formation.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: Kormos collected at this locality from the 1910s until 1939.

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35369: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 08.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• The faunal lists contain no quantitative data, and although collected layer-by-layer only one faunal list is given.
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo viridis Laurenti 1768 European green toad
 Testudines - Testudinidae
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Bubo sp. Dumeril 1806 eagle-owl
Surnia robusta Jánossy 1977 northern hawk owl
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
"Francolinus subfrancolinus" = Palaeocryptonyx donnezani, Lyrurus cf. partium
"Francolinus subfrancolinus" = Palaeocryptonyx donnezani Deperet 1890 pheasant
Lyrurus cf. partium Kretzoi 1962 pheasant
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Aquila cf. chrysaetos Linnaeus 1758 golden eagle
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta viridis Laurenti 1768 European green lizard
 Squamata - Colubridae
Natrix natrix Linnaeus 1758 water snake
Zamenis jugularis colubrid snake
Zamenis jugularis caspicus
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Mammuthus" wuesti mammoth
"Mammuthus wüsti"
 Rodentia - Muridae
"Apodemus sylvaticus" = Mus sylvaticus, Apodemus alsomyoides
"Apodemus sylvaticus" = Mus sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
Apodemus alsomyoides Eurasian field mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Lagurodon sp. Kretzoi 1956 mouse
"Clethrionomys sebaldi" = Myodes vole
Mimomys fejervaryi vole
M. fejérváryi
Mimomys aff. pliocaenicus Forsyth Major 1889 vole
Rhinocricetus ehiki mouse
R. éhiki
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Glis sackdillingensis Heller 1930 dormouse
Dryomimus eliomyoides Kretzoi 1959 dormouse
(not Eliomys sp.)
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Theriamorpha - Talpidae
Desmana nehringi Kormos 1913 Russian desman
Talpa minor Freudenberg 1914 mole
Talpa fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
 Theriamorpha - Soricidae
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
Crocidura kornfeldi Kormos 1934 white-toothed shrew
Episoriculus gibberodon Petenyi 1864 red-toothed shrew
Sorex minutus Linnaeus 1766 Eurasian pygmy shrew
Sorex runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Petenyia hungarica Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
 Theriamorpha - Erinaceidae
Erinaceus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hedgehog
 Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae
Rhinolophus aff. ferrumequinum Schreber 1774 greater horseshoe bat
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Vespertilio majori Kormos 1934 vesper bat
Myotis steiningeri vesper bat
Myotis schaubi vesper bat
Myotis wuesti vesper bat
Myotis wüsti
Myotis baranensis Kormos 1934 vesper bat
Eptesicus praeglacialis Kormos 1930 house bat
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felidae indet. Gray 1821 cat
Panthera sp. Oken 1816 cat
Panthera cf. gombaszoegensis Kretzoi 1938 cat
L. cf. gombaszögensis
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
Lynx lynx Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian lynx
Lynx lynx strandi
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis mosbachensis Soergel 1925 canine
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
Canis lupus ssp. indet.
Vulpes ? vulpes Linnaeus 1758 red fox
Vulpes praecorsac Kormos 1932 fox
Alopex praeglacialis n. sp. Kormos 1932 Arctic fox
Right mandible
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus cf. gombaszoegensis bear
Ursus gombaszögensis
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Pannonictis pliocaenica Kormos 1931 mustelid carnivore
Baranogale beremendensis mustelid carnivore
Xenictis pilgrimi mustelid carnivore
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Capreolus sp. Gray 1821 roe