Chiwondo Beds - general (Pliocene of Malawi)

Also known as ETE Locality 1095, Chiwondo Beds - general,

Where: Malawi (10.2° S, 34.0° E: paleocoordinates 10.3° S, 33.7° E)

When: Chiwondo Formation, Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• ETE dating method: time_unit, ETE age comment: Max age=8.6 Ma;Min age correl w/radiom dated sites

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrinegraded

• ETE sed env 1: fluv_lacustr, ETE sed env 2: . ETE event: ., ETE env comment: "fluv,delta,lacustr,aeolian dep"
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: "calc mud&siltstones,paleosols,marls"

Collection methods: surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 922, ; ETE museum list: BMNH: British Museum (Natural History), UCMP: University of California Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley

Primary reference: T. G. Bromage, F. Schrenk, and Y.M. Juwayeyi. 1995. Paleobiogeography of the Malawi Rift: Age and vertebrate paleontology of the Chiwondo Beds, northern Malawi. Journal of Human Evolution 28:37-57 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 22271: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 04.08.1999, edited by John Damuth

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Gabiella indet.
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Bivalvia
 Cardiida - Corbiculidae
Corbicula indet. Megerle 1811 clam
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Unionida - Iridinidae
Aspatharia indet. Bourguignat 1885 clam
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Gastropoda
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullariidae
Lanistes indet. Montfort 1810 apple snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Architaenioglossa - Viviparidae
Bellamya capillata snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - name shift
Bellamya cf. robertoni snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - name shift
Bellamya cf. trochlearis snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - name shift
Bellamya pagodiformis snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - name shift
 Rissooidea - Barleeidae
Caelatura indet. Conrad 1865 snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Sorbeoconcha - Paludomidae
Cleopatra indet. Troschel 1857 snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
Bulinus indet. Mueller 1781 pulmonate
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Actinopteri
 Siluriformes - Clariidae
Clarias sp. Scopoli 1777 catfish
 Siluriformes - Bagridae
Bagridae indet. Bleeker 1852 naked catfish
ETE occurrence; species: Bagiridae
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx sp. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809 softshell turtle
Cycloderma frenatum Peters 1854 softshell turtle
Cyclanorbis urahensis softshell turtle
 Testudines -
Pelomedusa subrufa Bonaterre 1789 Helmeted turtle
 Testudines - Pelomedusidae
Pelusios sinuatus sideneck turtle
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Crocodylus sp. Laurenti 1768 crocodile
Mammalia
  -
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Carnivora
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Papio sp. Erxleben 1777 baboon
cf. Parapapio sp. Jones 1937 monkey
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Ceratotherium simum Burchell 1821 white rhinoceros
 Ungulata - Suidae
Notochoerus sp. Broom 1925 pig
Potamochoerus cf. porcus Linnaeus 1758 red river hog
 Ungulata - Giraffidae
Sivatherium sp. Falconer and Cautley 1836 giraffe
Giraffa sp. Brisson 1762 giraffe
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Neotragini
Bovini indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Bovini
Tragelaphini indet. Blyth 1863 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Tragelaphini
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816 antelope
Antilopini indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Antilopini
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
Alcelaphini indet. Brookes 1876 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Alcelaphini
Megalotragus sp. van Hoepen 1932 antelope
"Connochaetes aff. taurinus" = Connochaetes taurina Burchell 1823 blue wildebeest
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - species name from unique name
Reduncini indet. Knottnerus-Meyer 1907 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Reduncini
Kobus sp. Smith 1840 antelope
Aepycerotini indet. Gray 1872 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Aepycerotini
Osteichthyes
 Ceratodontiformes - Lepidosirenidae
Protopterus sp. Agassiz 1843 african lungfish