Tourkovounia 3-5 (Pliocene of Greece)

Also known as TRV; Tourkobounia 3-5

Where: Greece (38.0° N, 23.7° E: paleocoordinates 37.9° N, 23.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Villanyian (3.2 - 2.6 Ma)

• Uncertain age but thought to be Early Villanyian, Middle Villafranchian, MNQ17, Pliocene.

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: G. D. Koufos. 2001. The Villafranchian mammalian faunas and biochronology of Greece. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana 40(2):217-223 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34592: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 11.09.2003, edited by Terri Cleary and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Pelobates cf. syriacus2 spadefoot toad
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo viridis2 Laurenti 1768 European green toad
Reptilia
 Squamata - Varanidae
Varanus sp.1 Merrem 1820 monitor lizard
From Tourkovounia 5, UU TB5 1001, one right maxilla; UU TB5 1002, one partial right dentary; UU TB5 1003, one isolated tooth
 Squamata - Colubridae
Colubrinae indet.2 Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
Elaphe quatuorlineata2 Lacépède 1789 four-lined snake
Elaphe longissima2 Laurenti 1768 colubrid snake
Natrix sp.2 Laurenti 1768 water snake
 Squamata -
Scolecophidia indet.5 Duméril and Bibron 1844 snake
From Tourk 5, 2 vertebrae (UUGI)
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Macaca majori4 macaque
Macaca sylvanus4 Linnaeus 1758 Barbary macaque
Macaca florentina4 Cocchi 1872 macaque
 Rodentia - Muridae
Muridae indet.3 Illiger 1811 mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet.3 Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
Lepus sp.3 Linnaeus 1758 hare
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus cf. etruscus Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Crocidura kornfeldi3 Kormos 1934 white-toothed shrew
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet.3 Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx issiodorensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 lynx
 Ungulata - Cervidae
"Cervus" aff. philisi deer
"Cervus" ex aff. philisi
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus praeglacialis3 Brunner 1933 mammal