Kotlovina, Moldova (Pliocene of Moldova)

Where: Moldova (45.0° N, 29.0° E: paleocoordinates 45.2° N, 28.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: MN 15 (4.2 - 3.2 Ma)

• Lower Pliocene, Middle Ruscinian.


• In the Karboliya alluvium.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Small mammals have been collected from the alluvium but are not listed here.

Primary reference: E. A. Vangengeim, I. A. Vislobokova, and M. V. Sotnikova. 1998. Large Ruscinian Mammalia in the Territory of the Former Soviet Union. Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation 6(4):368-382 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 50941: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 25.05.2005, edited by Torsten Liebrecht

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Squamata - Lacertidae
? Lacerta sp. Linnaeus 1758 squamates
same elements as cited for Pseudopus, probably except of osteoderms
 Squamata - Anguidae
Pseudopus sp. Merrem 1820 legless lizard
"fragmentary dentaries, vertebrae and osteoscutes"
 Squamata - Boidae
? Eryx sp. Daudin 1803 true sand boa
"trunk and caudal vertebrae of erycines apparently of the genus Eryx"
 Squamata - Colubridae
Colubridae indet. Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
trunk vertebrae
Elaphe sp. Wagler 1833 colubrid snake
trunk vertebrae
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Vipera (Vipera) sp. Laurenti 1768 pit viper
trunk vertebrae
Vipera (Pelias) sp. Merrem 1820 pit viper
trunk vertebrae, "comparable in size with small steppe-viper Vipera (Pelias) ursini"
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Dolichopithecus sp. Depéret 1889 monkey