Dry Cave (Locality 4) (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as Museum of Arid Land Biology fossil locality No. 4

Where: Eddy County, New Mexico (32.4° N, 104.5° W: paleocoordinates 32.4° N, 104.5° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• "A C14 date on bone from the immediate area is 10,730 +/- 150 BP"

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; lithology not reported

• none given

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected in 1966 - 1984

Primary reference: A. H. Harris, R. A. Smartt, and W. R. Smartt. 1973. Cryptotis parva from the Pleistocene of New Mexico. Journal of Mammalogy 54(2):512-513 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 93139: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 05.01.2010, edited by Jason Head

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• list is apparently very incomplete
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Scaphiopus indet.2, "Scaphiopus hammondi" = Spea hammondii2, "Scaphiopus bombifrons" = Spea bombifrons2
Scaphiopus indet.2 Holbrook 1836 spadefoot toad
"Scaphiopus hammondi" = Spea hammondii2 Baird 1859 Western spadefoot toad
"Scaphiopus bombifrons" = Spea bombifrons2 Cope 1863 Plains spadefoot
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana pipiens2 Schreber 1782 Northern leopard frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo indet.2 Laurenti 1768 toad
Bufo woodhousei2 Girard 1854 Woodhouse's toad
 Caudata - Urodela
Ambystoma tigrinum2 Green 1825 tiger salamander
 Squamata - Iguanidae
Crotaphytus collaris2 Say 1823 Collared lizard
Phrynosoma douglassi2 horned lizard
Phrynosoma cornutum2 horned lizard
Sceloporus undulatus2 Bosc 1802 eastern fence lizard
 Squamata - Colubridae
Elaphe quttata2 colubrid snake
Salvadora indet.2 Baird and Girard 1853 colubrid snake
Thamnophis proximus2 garter snake
Thamnophis indet.2 Fitzinger 1843 garter snake
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Crotalus atrox2 rattlesnake
Crotalus indet.2 Linnaeus 1758 rattlesnake
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Arvicolinae indet.1 Gray 1821 vole
Lagurus sp. Gloger 1841 mouse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex sp. Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew
Cryptotis parva Say 1823 North American least shrew