Ligniti di Monteviale (Oligocene of Italy)

Where: Vicenza, Italy (45.6° N, 11.5° E: paleocoordinates 42.8° N, 9.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Oligocene (33.9 - 28.4 Ma)

• Early Oligocene (late Rupelian)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; lignite

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: adpression

Collection methods: the type and only specimen of Archaeopteropus was reposited in the Museo civico di Vicenza and destroyed in World War II

Primary reference: W. A. Schutt, Jr. and N. B. Simmons. 1998. Morphology and Homology of the Chiropteran Calcar, with Comments on the Phylogenetic Relationships of Archaeopteropus. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 5(1):1-32 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 84793: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 11.11.2008, edited by Philip Mannion, Patricia Holroyd, David Nicholson and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Scorpaeniformes -
Lepidocottus papyraceus6
'Lepidocottus' papyraceus
 Salientia - Palaeobatrachidae
Palaeobatrachus sp.6 Tschudi 1839 frog
Palaeobatrachus (s. l.) sp.
 Testudines - Trionychidae
"Trionyx capellinii" = Trionyx capellinii2, "Trionyx insolitus n. sp." = Trionyx capellinii1, "Trionyx schaurothianus n. sp." = Trionyx capellinii5, Trionyx italicus6
"Trionyx capellinii" = Trionyx capellinii2 Negri 1892 softshell turtle
"Trionyx insolitus n. sp." = Trionyx capellinii1 Negri 1892 softshell turtle
MGP-PD 26560 (holotype), a complete carapace in dorsal view
"Trionyx schaurothianus n. sp." = Trionyx capellinii5 Negri 1892 softshell turtle
MGP-PD 10818Z (holotype), a complete skeleton in dorsal view, including the skull, carapace, a hyo-hypoplastron, limb elements, and caudal vertebrae
Trionyx italicus6 Schauroth 1865 softshell turtle
Trionyx (s. l.) italicus
 Testudines -
"Bergouniouxchelys vallisnerii" = Bergouniouxchelys vallisnerii6, "Paralichelys vallisnerii n. sp." = Bergouniouxchelys vallisnerii3
"Bergouniouxchelys vallisnerii" = Bergouniouxchelys vallisnerii6 Bergounioux 1954 turtle
"Paralichelys vallisnerii n. sp." = Bergouniouxchelys vallisnerii3 Bergounioux 1954 turtle
Type IGPG Monteviale n° 1, Paratype IGPG Monteviale n° 2
 Crocodylia -
Diplocynodon cf. muelleri4 Kalin 1936 crocodilian
Diplocynodon cf. muelleri4 Kalin 1936 crocodilian
Padova University Museum of Padova
 Sirenia - Dugongidae
Dugongidae indet.6 Gray 1821 dugong
 Cimolesta -
? Pantolesta indet.6 McKenna 1975 eutherian
?Pantolesta incertae sedis
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Epiaceratherium bolcense6 Abel 1910 rhinoceros
 Chiroptera -
Archaeopteropus transiens n. gen. n. sp. Meschinelli 1903 bat
 Ungulata - Suidae
 Ungulata - Anthracotheriidae
Anthracotheriidae indet.6 Leidy 1869 anthracothere
Anthracochoerus stehlini6 anthracothere
Anthracochoerus fabianii6 anthracothere
Anthracotherium monsvialense6 de Zigno 1888 anthracothere