Beaumaris (Miocene of Australia)

Where: Victoria, Australia (38.0° S, 145.0° E: paleocoordinates 42.1° S, 144.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: N17-18 zone, Sandringham Sandstone Formation, Messinian (7.2 - 5.3 Ma)

• basal Black Rock Sandstone, Cheltenhamian to Kalimnan; late Messinian. PJW: was given as Zanclean, but it should be Messinian.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: shallow subtidal; ferruginous, phosphatic sandstone

• shallow shelf to shoreface, upward shoaling over time, backshore deposits present
• ferruginous and phosphatic nodules in a matrix of quartz sand and gravel

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

• Repository: National Museum of Victoria

Primary reference: F. Chapman. 1912. On the occurrence of Scalicetus in Victoria. Department of Mines (Geological Survey [Australia]) 1912:236-238 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 46167: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 06.01.2005, edited by Austin Hendy, Pete Wagner and Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Malacostraca
 Decapoda - Goneplacidae
Ommatocarcinus corioensis8 Creswell 1886 crab
Gastropoda
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
Umbilia (Umbilia) hesitata2 Iredale 1916 cowry
Cephalopoda
 Nautilida - Aturiidae
Aturia coxi1 Miller 1947 nautiloid
Chondrichthyes
 Odontaspidida - Isuridae
"Isurus retroflexus" = Oxyrhina retroflexa3
"Isurus retroflexus" = Oxyrhina retroflexa3 Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp.3 Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
Parotodus benedenii3, "Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon3
Parotodus benedenii3 Le Hon 1871 mackerel shark
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon3 Agassiz 1843 megalodon
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus desori3 Sismonda 1849 mako shark
"Isurus hastalis" = Carcharodon hastalis3 Agassiz 1843 white shark
? Lamna sp.3 Cuvier 1816 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias taurus3 Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Orectolobiformes - Parascylliidae
Megascyliorhinus sp.3 Cappetta and Ward 1977 collared carpetshark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Galeocerdo aduncus3 Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
Carcharhinus sp.3 de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
 Heterodontiformes - Heterodontidae
Heterodontus cainozoicus3 bullhead shark
 Pristiophoriformes - Pristiophoridae
Pristiophorus lanceolatus3 Davis 1888 saw shark
 Chimaeriformes - Callorhinchidae
Edaphodon mirabilis3 plownose chimaera
Edaphodon cf. mirabilis3 plownose chimaera
Edaphodon sweeti3 Chapman and Pritchard 1907 plownose chimaera
 Chimaeriformes - Callorhynchidae
Ischyodus cf. dolloi3 plownose chimaera
Actinopteri
 Perciformes -
Sillago pliocaenica3 perch-like fish
Lactarius tumulatus3 perch-like fish
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
? Trionychidae indet.3 Gray 1825 softshell turtle
Aves
 Ornithurae - Pelagornithidae
Pelagornis sp.6 Lartet 1857 bird
 Procellariiformes - Diomedeidae
Diomedea thyridata3 Wilkinson 1969 albatross
 Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae
Spheniscidae indet.3 Bonaparte 1831 penguin
? Pseudaptenodytes minor3 Simpson 1970 penguin
Pseudaptenodytes minor n. gen. n. sp.11 Simpson 1970 penguin
Mammalia
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Phocidae indet.3 Gray 1821 seal
Monachinae indet.7 Trouessart 1897 seal
 Diprotodontia - Diprotodontidae
Kolopsis cf. torus3 Woodburne 1967 diprotodont marsupial
Zygomaturus gilli3 Stirton 1967 diprotodont marsupial
 Mysticeti - Balaenidae
Balaenidae indet.3 Gray 1821 right whale
cf. Balaena sp.3 Linnaeus 1758 bowhead whale
 Mysticeti - Cetotheriidae
"Cetotheriidae" indet.3, "? Neobalaenidae indet." = Neobalaeninae5, Caperea sp.9
"Cetotheriidae" indet.3 Brandt 1872 whale
"? Neobalaenidae indet." = Neobalaeninae5 Miller 1923 pygmy right whale
Caperea sp.9 Gray 1864 pygmy right whale
NMV P233333
 Balaenopteroidea - Balaenopteridae
Balaenoptera sp.3 Lacépède 1804 rorqual
Megaptera sp.3 Gray 1846 humpback whale
 Odontoceti - Physeteridae
Physeteridae indet.3 Gray 1821 sperm whale
Physetodon baileyi n. sp.10 McCoy 1879 sperm whale
 Odontoceti -
Scaldicetus macgeei n. sp. Chapman 1912 toothed whale
 Delphinoidea - Delphinidae
"Steno" cudmorei4 Chapman 1917 dolphin
 Odontoceti - Ziphiidae
Ziphiidae indet.3 Gray 1850 beaked whale