Carmel Church Quarry (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as Caroline Stone Quarry

Where: Caroline County, Virginia (37.9° N, 77.5° W: paleocoordinates 38.1° N, 74.2° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Plum Point Member (Calvert Formation), Langhian (16.0 - 13.8 Ma)

• 14.9 to 12.7 AEO date; stratigraphy after Trochim & Dooley 2010

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: estuary or bay; conglomerate and sandy claystone

• sparse molluscs, low in diversity; subtropical environment in embayment and dry onshore; area not far from shore, bay, short-term eustatic transgression events, long-term regression trend

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Primary reference: A. C. Dooley, N. C. Fraser, and Z. Luo. 2004. The earliest known member of the rorqual-gray whale clade (Mammalia, Cetacea). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24(2):453-463 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 57700: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 19.12.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Chondrichthyes
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina sp.4 Dumeril 1806 angel shark
 Odontaspidida - Alopiidae
Alopias sp.4 Rafinesque 1810 thresher shark
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp.4 Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
Aetobatus sp.4 Blainville 1816 eagle ray
Pteromylaeus sp.4 Garman 1913 bull ray
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
Notorhynchus sp. Ayres 1855 sevengill shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Carcharocles megalodon" = Otodus megalodon4
"Carcharocles megalodon" = Otodus megalodon4 Agassiz 1843 megalodon
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus sp. Agassiz 1843 mako shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis sp. Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
Carcharias sp. Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion sp.4 Whitley 1940 lemon shark
Galeocerdo sp. Müller and Henle 1837 tiger shark
"Physogaleus contortus" = Galeocerdo contortus4 Gibbes 1848 tiger shark
Carcharhinus sp. de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna sp.4 Rafinesque 1810 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
Hemipristis sp. Agassiz 1843 ground shark
Hemipristis serra4 Agassiz 1843 ground shark
Actinopteri
 Acipenseriformes - Acipenseridae
Acipenser sp.4 Linnaeus 1758 sturgeon
 Elopiformes - Megalopidae
Megalops sp.4 Lacépède 1803
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
Thunnus sp.4 South 1845
 Acanthomorphata - Sciaenidae
Pogonias sp. Lacépède 1802
Sciaenops ocellatus4 Linnaeus 1766
 Labriformes - Labridae
Tautoga sp. Linnaeus 1758
 Tetraodontiformes - Molidae
Ranzania sp.4 Nardo 1840
Mola sp. Linck 1790
 Tetraodontiformes - Monacanthidae
Aluterus sp.4 Cloquet 1816 Leatherjacket
Reptilia
 Testudines - Dermochelyidae
Psephophorus sp.4 von Meyer 1847 leatherback
 Testudines - Cheloniidae
Syllomus sp. Cope 1896 sea turtle
Syllomus aegyptiacus4 Lydekker 1899 sea turtle
 Testudines - Pancheloniidae
Procolpochelys grandaeva4 Leidy 1851 turtle
Aves
  -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
 Charadriiformes - Panalcidae
Miocepphus sp.4 Wetmore 1940 auk
 Ornithurae - Pelagornithidae
Pelagornis sp.4 Lartet 1857 bird
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anatidae indet.4 Vigors 1825 waterfowl
 Gaviiformes - Gaviidae
Gavia sp.4 Forster 1788 loon
 Suliformes - Sulidae
Morus sp.4 Vieillot 1816 gannet
Reptilia
 Crocodylia -
Thecachampsa antiquua4, "Thecachampsa antiqua" = Thecachampsa antiquus4
"Thecachampsa antiqua" = Thecachampsa antiquus4 Leidy 1852 crocodilian
Mammalia
 Sirenia - Dugongidae
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapiridae indet.4 Gray 1821 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Calippus cf. regulus2 Johnston 1937 horse
 Carnivora - Phocidae
? Leptophoca sp.4 True 1906 seal
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
cf. Procamelus sp.4 Leidy 1858 camel
 Mysticeti -
 Balaenopteroidea -
Diorocetus hiatus Kellogg 1968 whale
Diorocetus hiatus4 Kellogg 1968 whale
Aglaocetus patulus4 Kellogg 1968 whale
 Balaenopteroidea - Balaenopteridae
Eobalaenoptera harrisoni n. gen. n. sp.
Eobalaenoptera harrisoni n. gen. n. sp. Dooley et al. 2004 rorqual
 Mysticeti -
? Halicetus ignotus4 Kellogg 1969 whale
 Odontoceti -
Odontoceti indet.4 toothed whale
 Odontoceti - Physeteridae
Physeteridae indet.1 Gray 1821 sperm whale
new species
cf. Orycterocetus crocodilinus4 Cope 1867 sperm whale
 Odontoceti -
cf. Hadrodelphis calvertense4 Kellogg 1966 toothed whale
 Odontoceti - Kentriodontidae
Kentriodontidae indet.4 Slijper 1936 toothed whale
small and large taxa
 Odontoceti - Eurhinodelphinidae
Xiphiacetus cristatus4 Du Bus 1872 toothed whale
 Odontoceti - Ziphiidae
Ziphiidae indet.3 Gray 1850 beaked whale
 Artiodactyla - Palaeomerycidae
Palaeomerycidae indet.4, "Dromomerycidae indet." = Dromomerycinae2
Palaeomerycidae indet.4 Lydekker 1883 ruminant
"Dromomerycidae indet." = Dromomerycinae2 Frick 1937 ruminant
Diatomophyceae
 Centrales - Coscinodiscaceae
Actinoptychus
  -
Actinoptychus virginicus
  -
Rhaphoneis
  -
Delphineis
  -
Actinocyclus ellipticus
  -
Actinocyclus ellipticus5 Grunow 1883
var. javanicus
Stephanopyxis
  -