Lower Cabbage Patch Beds ( of the United States)

Where: Powell County, Montana (46.4° N, 112.8° W: paleocoordinates 47.5° N, 106.9° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Renova Formation, Arikareean (30.8 - 20.4 Ma)

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: D. L. Rasmussen. 1989. Depositional Environments, Paleoecology, and Biostratigraphy of Arikareean Bozeman Group Strata West of the Continental Divide in Montana. Montana Geological Society 1989 Field Conference Guidebook 1:205-215 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]more details

PaleoDB collection 17540: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993, edited by Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• includes KU-MT-44 (Tavenner Ranch loc. 4) and probably several other localities: see Pierce and Rasmussen 1992
uncomformably overlies welded tuff dated at 29.5 +/- 2.8 Ma (FT on zircon), but uncomformity is shown to be considerable and error is large: Tedford et al. 1987
faunal lists of Douglass (1903) and Riel (1964) are stratigraphically mixed but most or all of the records correspond to Rasmussen i.d.s for the Lower Cabbage Patch, including: Meniscomys sp. "? Mesocyon drummondensis" - confirmed as included in Rasmussen list by Wang 1994 Kukusepasutanka schultzi - the type, from "Hellgate River, 3 miles east of Drummond Granite County": Macdonald 1956b Diceratherium cf. armatum "Promerycochoerus" minor type - from KU Mt-33, lower Cabbage Patch beds: Stevens and Stevens 1996 "Leptomeryx transmontanus" - type of Douglass 1903 is from "east of Drummond on Hellgate River": Frick 1937 "Desmatochoerus macrosynaphus" - type is from KU Mt-31, same level as Mt-33: Stevens and Stevens 1996
"? Parasminthus sp." is not documented in North America, see Korth 1994c
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Leidymys sp. Wood 1936 mouse
 Rodentia - Aplodontidae
Aplodontidae indet. Brandt 1855 mountain beaver
Niglarodon sp. Black 1961 mountain beaver
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciuridae indet. Gray 1821 squirrel
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
Eomyidae indet. Winge 1887 rodent
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castoridae indet. Gray 1821 beaver
Agnotocastor sp. Stirton 1935 beaver
 Rodentia - Eutypomyidae
Eutypomyidae indet.1 Miller and Gidley 1918 rodent
 Rodentia - Allomyidae
Downsimus sp. Macdonald 1970 rodent
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Zapodidae indet.1 Coues 1875 jumping mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
? Palaeolagus sp. Leidy 1856 rabbit
Megalagus sp. Walker 1931 rabbit
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
Ocajila sp. Macdonald 1963 hedgehog
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 mole
two forms
Mystipterus sp. Hall 1930 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
Diceratherium sp. Marsh 1875 rhinoceros
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Pseudotrimylus sp.1 Gureev 1971 shrew
 Tribosphenida - Heterosoricidae
Domnina sp. Cope 1873 placental
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustelidae indet. Fischer 1817 mustelid carnivore
two forms
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canidae indet. Fischer 1817 canid
Cynodesmus thooides4 Scott 1893 canid
from sec. 10, T. 10 N, R. 12 W
 Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
Merycochoerus sp.1, "Mesoreodon minor n. sp." = Mesoreodon minor, "Desmatochoerus macrosynaphus n. sp." = Mesoreodon minor3
Merycochoerus sp.1 Leidy 1858 oreodont
"Mesoreodon minor n. sp." = Mesoreodon minor Douglass 1903 oreodont
"Desmatochoerus macrosynaphus n. sp." = Mesoreodon minor3 Douglass 1903 oreodont
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Tayassuidae indet. Palmer 1897 peccary
 Ungulata - Anthracotheriidae
Kukusepasutanka schultzi2 Macdonald 1956 anthracothere
an anthracothere: probably K. schultzi
 Ungulata - Leptomerycidae
Pronodens sp. Koerner 1940 ruminant
 Theriiformes - Peradectidae
? Nanodelphys sp. McGrew 1937 metatherian
 Theriiformes - Herpetotheriidae
"Herpetotheriinae indet." = Herpetotheriidae1
"Herpetotheriinae indet." = Herpetotheriidae1 Trouessart 1879 marsupial