Rio Tomayate (Pleistocene to of El Salvador)

Where: El Salvador (13.8° N, 89.2° W: paleocoordinates 13.8° N, 89.1° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene to Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.1 Ma)

• "two successive bonbeds... The entire fossiliferous package... is approximately 1.6 m. thick... The lower bonebed is approximately 0.9 m thick and the majority of the vertebrates were collected here... The upper bonebed is approximately 0.7 m thick."

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; unlithified, brown ash

• "The matrix is a light brown unconsolidated ash with abundant pyroclasts and fragmentary vegetal remains."

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: "several hundred specimens... a sample of the most relevant specimens" is described; "All specimens are held at MUHNES, in San Salvador."

Primary reference: J. C. Cisneros. 2005. New Pleistocene vertebrate fauna from El Salvador. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia 8(3):239-255 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 70118: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 17.03.2007, edited by Juan Carrillo

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Kinosternoidea
Kinosternon sp. von Spix 1824 mud turtle
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emydidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 turtle
Aves
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
cf. Anser sp. Linnaeus 1758 goose
Reptilia
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Crocodylus acutus Cuvier 1807 American crocodile
Mammalia
 Notoungulata - Toxodontidae
Mixotoxodon larensis Van Frank 1957 notoungulate
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus sp. Gray 1867 cottontail rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus conversidens Owen 1869 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
aff. Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
 Cingulata - Pampatheriidae
Holmesina septentrionalis1 Leidy 1889 edentate
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx sp. Harlan 1825 edentate
 Xenarthra - Megatheriidae
Eremotherium sp. Spillmann 1948 edentate
 Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae
"Glyptotherium arizonae" = Glyptotherium texanum
"Glyptotherium arizonae" = Glyptotherium texanum Osborn 1903 glyptodon
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Cuvieronius tropicus Cope 1884 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus columbi2 Falconer 1857 Columbian mammoth
2-ss-ap-30-893
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Palaeolama sp., "Hemiauchenia cf. seymourensis" = Hemiauchenia macrocephala
Palaeolama sp. Gervais 1869 camel
"Hemiauchenia cf. seymourensis" = Hemiauchenia macrocephala Cope 1893 camel
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Mazama sp. Rafinesque 1817 brocket deer
Odocoileus cf. virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer