Bushey Cavern (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Washington County, Maryland (39.6° N, 77.6° W: paleocoordinates 39.7° N, 77.4° W)

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; limestone

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Primary reference: O. P. Hay. 1921. Descriptions of some Pleistocene vertebrates found in the United States. Proceedings of The United States National Museum 58:83-146 [M. Uhen/M. Shalap/E. Vlachos]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 126660: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Margaret Shalap on 10.04.2012, edited by Terri Cleary

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Reptilia
 Squamata - Crotalidae
Crotalus sp. Linnaeus 1758 rattlesnake
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
"Neotoma magister" = Neotoma floridana, "Ondatra zibethica" = Ondatra zibethicus, Microtus pennsylvanicus
"Neotoma magister" = Neotoma floridana Ord 1818 eastern woodrat
"Ondatra zibethica" = Ondatra zibethicus Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
Microtus pennsylvanicus Ord 1815 meadow vole
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciurus carolinensis Gmelin 1788 eastern gray squirrel
Marmota monax Linnaeus 1758 groundhog
"Sciurus hudsonicus" = Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Erxleben 1777 American red squirrel
"Sciurus tenuidens" = Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Erxleben 1777 American red squirrel
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor canadensis Kuhl 1820 American beaver
 Rodentia - Erethizontidae
Erethizon dorsatum Linnaeus 1758 North American porcupine
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus floridanus Allen 1890 eastern cottontail
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus giganteus Gidley 1901 horse
Equus complicatus Leidy 1858 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus americanus Pallas 1780 black bear
 Carnivora - Felidae
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Elephas columbi" = Mammuthus columbi
"Elephas columbi" = Mammuthus columbi Falconer 1857 Columbian mammoth
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus vetus Leidy 1882 peccary
Platygonus cumberlandensis Gidley 1920 peccary
Mylohyus nasutus Leidy 1868 peccary
"Mylohyus exortivus" = Mylohyus fossilis Leidy 1860 peccary
Mylohyus obtusidens Hay 1921 peccary
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer
Sangamona fugitiva Hay 1921 deer