Edisto Island (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: South Carolina (32.6° N, 80.3° W: paleocoordinates 32.6° N, 80.1° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Silver Bluff Formation, Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: open shallow subtidal; lithology not reported

• barrier island sediments, wave-cut platform

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: J. A. Roth and J. Laerm. 1980. A late Pleistocene vertebrate assemblage from Edisto Island, South Carolina. Brimleyana 3:1-29 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 65405: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 21.09.2006, edited by Evangelos Vlachos, John Alroy and Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychidae indet.1 Gray 1825 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Kinosternoidea
Kinosternon sp. von Spix 1824 mud turtle
 Testudines - Panchelydridae
Chelydra serpentina Linnaeus 1758 Common snapping turtle
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Geochelone sp. Fitzinger 1835 turtle
Gopherus polyphemus3 Daudin 1802 Florida gopher tortoise
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Terrapene carolina Linnaeus 1758 common box turtle
Chrysemys scripta painted turtle
Chrysemys floridana painted turtle
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Alligator sp.2 Daudin 1809 alligator
Alligator mississippiensis Daudin 1801 American alligator
 Squamata - Colubridae
cf. Elaphe sp. Wagler 1833 colubrid snake
cf. Coluber sp. Linnaeus 1758 racer
or Masticophis sp.
Mammalia
 Sirenia - Trichechidae
Trichechus sp. Linnaeus 1758 manatee
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor canadensis Kuhl 1820 American beaver
Castoroides cf. ohioensis Foster 1838 giant beaver
 Rodentia - Caviidae
Neochoerus pinckneyi Hay 1926 caviomorph
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus sp. Gray 1867 cottontail rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus sp. Brisson 1762 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Tremarctos floridanus Gidley 1928 Florida cave bear
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon lotor Linnaeus 1758 raccoon
 Carnivora - Odobenidae
cf. Odobenus rosmarus Linnaeus 1758 walrus
 Carnivora - Phocidae
cf. Halichoerus grypus Fabricius 1791 grey seal
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis dirus Leidy 1858 dire wolf
Urocyon cf. cinereoargenteus Schreber 1775 gray fox
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Felis onca" = Panthera onca
"Felis onca" = Panthera onca Linnaeus 1758 jaguar
 Cingulata - Dasypodidae
Dasypus bellus Simpson 1929 beautiful armadillo
 Cingulata - Pampatheriidae
Holmesina septentrionalis Leidy 1889 edentate
originally entered as "Holmensina septentrionalis"
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx cf. jeffersonii Desmarest 1822 Jefferson's ground sloth
originally entered as "Megalonyx cf. jeffersoni"
 Xenarthra - Megatheriidae
"Eremotherium cf. mirabile" = Eremotherium laurillardi
"Eremotherium cf. mirabile" = Eremotherium laurillardi Lund 1842 edentate
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
"Glossotherium (Paramylodon) cf. harlani" = Paramylodon harlani
"Glossotherium (Paramylodon) cf. harlani" = Paramylodon harlani Owen 1840 Harlan's ground sloth
 Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae
"Glyptotherium floridanum" = Glyptotherium cylindricum
"Glyptotherium floridanum" = Glyptotherium cylindricum Brown 1912 Florida glyptodont
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut americanum Kerr 1792 American mastodon
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus cf. columbi Falconer 1857 Columbian mammoth
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Mylohyus cf. fossilis Leidy 1860 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Palaeolama cf. mirifica Simpson 1929 stout-legged llama
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bison cf. antiquus Leidy 1852 bison
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer
 Cetacea - Balaenopteridae
Balaenopteridae indet. Gray 1864 rorqual
 Cetacea - Physeteridae
Physeter sp. Linnaeus 1758 sperm whale
 Cetacea - Delphinidae
Tursiops cf. truncatus Gray 1866 common bottlenose dolphin