Natural Trap Cave (Wisconsinan) (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Big Horn County, Wyoming (45.0° N, 108.2° W: paleocoordinates 45.0° N, 108.2° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• dates include "12,770 +/- 900 radiocarbon years ago" and (on the immediately overstratum) "10,920 +/- 300 radiocarbon years ago" and excavations through 1975 went to a depth of 3 m

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; lithology not reported

• "roof fall, eolian sediments, and bones" plus occasional "periods of rapid volcanic ash fall" (Wang and Martin 1993)

Size class: macrofossils

Collected in 1974 - 1985

Collection methods: quarrying

• KUVP collection

Primary reference: L. D. Martin, B. M. Gilbert, and D. B. Adams. 1977. A cheetah-like cat in the North American Pleistocene. Science 195:981-982 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 93181: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 06.01.2010

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Neotoma sp. Say and Ord 1825 pack rat
Microtus sp. Schrank 1798 vole
Peromyscus sp. Gloger 1841 deer mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Marmota sp. Frisch 1775 marmot
Eutamias sp. Trouessart 1880 chipmunk
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hare
Sylvilagus sp. Gray 1867 cottontail rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
large and small forms
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Arctodus simus Cope 1879 giant short-faced bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
"Martes nobilis" = Mustela zibellina americana Kerr 1792 American marten
Mustela sp. Linnaeus 1758 weasel
Gulo gulo Linnaeus 1758 wolverine
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus 1758 red fox
Canis dirus Leidy 1858 dire wolf
Canis latrans Say 1823 coyote
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Miracinonyx trumani" = Miracinonyx studeri, "Panthera atrox" = Uncia atrox
"Miracinonyx trumani" = Miracinonyx studeri Savage 1960 American cheetah
"Panthera atrox" = Uncia atrox Leidy 1853 cat
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus sp. Brookes 1828 mammoth
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelops sp. Leidy 1854 camel
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bison bison Linnaeus 1758 American bison
Bootherium bombifrons Harlan 1825 antelope
Ovis canadensis Shaw 1804 bighorn sheep
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer
large
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Antilocapra americana Ord 1815 pronghorn