Gretna (Miocene of the United States)

Where: Phillips County, Kansas (39.8° N, 99.4° W: paleocoordinates 40.2° N, 96.8° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Clarendonian (13.6 - 10.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: R. J. Zakrzewski. 1988. Preliminary report on fossil mammals from the Ogallala (Miocene) of north-central Kansas. Fort Hays Studies, Science, third series 10:117-127 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 18186: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 05.08.1992

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• from a 3 - 4.5 m thick fine-grained sand
this could be the same as the Selbe Ranch locality of Hibbard 1942a, which yielded Eucastor tortus and was said to be 8 mi (=12.9 km) NE of Phillipsburg
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Copemys sp. Wood 1936 mouse
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Hystricops sp. Leidy 1858 beaver
Eucastor sp. Allen 1877 beaver
 Rodentia - Mylagaulidae
Mylagaulidae indet. Cope 1881 rodent
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
Untermannerix sp. Rich 1981 hedgehog
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Domninoides sp. Green 1956 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Peraceras sp. Cope 1880 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus sp. Brisson 1762 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparionini indet. Quinn 1955 hipparionine horse
Pseudhipparion sp. Ameghino 1904 hipparionine horse
Calippus regulus Johnston 1937 horse
Hypohippus sp. Leidy 1858 anchitheriine horse
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustelidae indet. Fischer 1817 mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Canidae
Borophaginae indet. Simpson 1945 bone-crushing dog
 Ungulata - Merycoidodontidae
Merychyus sp. Leidy 1858 oreodont
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Tayassuinae indet. Palmer 1897 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Protolabis sp. Cope 1876 camel
 Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
Cranioceratini indet. Frick 1937 ruminant
"["Cranioceras sp.": based on Thomasson et al. 1990, Zakrzewski appears to include Pediomeryx in Cranioceras
 Ungulata - Moschidae
Longirostromeryx sp. Frick 1937 musk deer