Leopard's Hill Cave (Pleistocene to of Zambia)

Also known as ETE Locality 743, Leopard's Hill Cave,

Where: Zambia (15.4° S, 28.8° E: paleocoordinates 15.5° S, 28.7° E)

When: Pleistocene to Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: dates on charcoal radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: cave

• ETE sed env 1: karst, ETE sed env 2: cave ETE event: ., ETE env comment: 0
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: dolomite cave; weathered limestone

Collection methods: quarrying

• ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 488, 487, 483, 482, 481, 478, 477, 456, 121, 81, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: R. G. Klein. 1986. Later Stone Age Faunal Samples from Heuningneskrans Shelter (Transvaal) and Leopard's Hill Cave (Zambia). The South African Archaeological Bulletin 39:109-116 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 21924: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 06.05.1997, edited by John Damuth and Richard Potts

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Hyracoidea
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix africaeaustralis Peters 1852 Cape porcupine
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
Thryonomys swinderianus Temminck 1827 greater cane rat
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Rhinocerotidae
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli
"Equus burchelli" = Equus quagga burchelli Gray 1824 Burchell's zebra
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mellivora capensis Schreber 1776 honey badger
Aonyx capensis Schinz 1821 African clawless otter
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis mesomelas Schreber 1775 black-backed jackal
Otocyon megalotis Desmarest 1822 bat-eared fox
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Felis serval" = Caracal serval, "Felis caracal" = Caracal caracal, Felis libyca
"Felis serval" = Caracal serval Schreber 1776 serval
"Felis caracal" = Caracal caracal Schreber 1776 caracal
Felis libyca Forster 1780 African wildcat
 Carnivora - Viverridae
Genetta genetta Linnaeus 1758 common genet
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Mungos mungo Gmelin 1788 banded mongoose
Herpestes ichneumon Linnaeus 1758 Egyptian mongoose
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
 Tubulidentata - Orycteropodidae
Orycteropus afer Pallas 1766 aardvark
 Hyracoidea - Procaviidae
Procavia capensis Pallas 1766 Cape hyrax
Heterohyrax brucei Gray 1868 rock hyrax
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Phacochoerus aethiopicus Pallas 1766 desert warthog
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Syncerus caffer Sparman 1779 African buffalo
Tragelaphus strepsiceros Pallas 1766 greater kudu
Taurotragus oryx Pallas 1766 common eland
Raphicerus sharpei Thomas 1897 Sharpe's grysbok
Gazella thomsoni Gunther 1884 Thomson's gazelle
Alcelaphus sp. Blainville 1816 hartebeest
Damaliscus lunatus Burchell 1823 common tsessebe
"Connochaetes taurinus" = Connochaetes taurina Burchell 1823 blue wildebeest
"Sylvicapra grimmia" = Cephalophus grimmia Linnaeus 1758 common duiker
Aepyceros melampus Lichtenstein 1812 impala