La Puebla de Valverde, excavations 1974 (Pleistocene of Spain)

Where: Teruel, Spain (40.2° N, 0.9° W: paleocoordinates 40.3° N, 1.1° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: MN 17 (2.6 - 1.8 Ma)

• Early Pleistocene, Villafranchian, MN17

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: E. Heintz and E. Aguirre. 1976. Le bois de Croizetoceros ramosus pueblensis, Cervide de la faune villafranchienne de la Puebla de Valverde, Teruel (Espagne). Estudios Geologicos, Madrid 32(6):569-572 [E. Fara/E. Fara/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36112: authorized by Emmanuel Fara, entered by Emmanuel Fara on 14.01.2004, edited by Hannah O'Regan and Lars van den Hoek Ostende

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• incomplete. A cercopithecid has been described is Aguirre and Soto (1974)
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Macaca sp.1 Lacépède 1799 macaque
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
Postpalerinaceus cf. vireti2 Crusafont and Villalta 1947 hedgehog
Mentioned from earlier excavation (Crochet & Heintz, 1971)
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus4 Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus stenonis1 Cocchi 1867 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus etruscus3 Cuvier 1823 bear
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes alopecoides3 Forsyth Major 1877 fox
Nyctereutes megamastoides3 Pomel 1842 raccoon dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
Megantereon megantereon3 Croizet and Jobert 1828 cat
Homotherium crenatidens3 cat
not mentioned by Aguirre and Morales (1990), but listed by Turner (n.d.).
Lynx issiodorensis1 Croizet and Jobert 1828 lynx
Acinonyx pardinensis1 Croizet and Jobert 1828 cheetah
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Pliocrocuta perrieri4 Kretzoi 1938 hyaena
Chasmaporthetes lunensis1 Del Campana 1914 hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus meridionalis1 Nesti 1825 mammoth
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Croizetoceros ramosus Croizet and Jobert 1828 deer
subspecies pueblensis. More than 320 specimens of the same taxon were recovered during the excavation of 1963 and 1964.
Eucladoceros senezensis1 deer
Eucladoceros senezensis vireti