Ramanagar (Miocene to of India)

Where: Jammu and Kashmir, India (32.8° N, 75.4° E: paleocoordinates 28.5° N, 76.7° E)

When: Chinji Formation (Siwalik Group), MN 6 to MN 6 (13.7 - 11.1 Ma)

• Outcrop sections observed near Ramanagar Township.

•about 11 - 13 Ma = MN 6 or 7 + 8 according to Vasishat et al. 1978

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial; lithified, gray, green sandstone and mudstone

• Aranaceous units alternating with argillaceous units. Aranaceous units dominated by sandstones over siltstones: medium to coarse-grained, highly weathered, micaceous, moderately compact with high percentage of undigested rock particles. Dirty-green to gray.

•Argillaceous units are claystones with some shales: loose, and green to pink weathered.

Primary reference: R. N. Vasishat, S. Kaul, and S.R. Chopra. 1979. Additional fossil suid material from the lower Siwalik of Ramnagar, J&K State, India. Proceedings of Colloqium on Paleontological studies in southern region, Miscellaneous Publications of the Geological Survey of India (45)219-225 [W. Clyde/J. Finarelli/W. Clyde]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 11797: authorized by Will Clyde, entered by John Finarelli on 10.09.2001, edited by Hannah O'Regan

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• authors note: carnivores, rodents, perissodactyls, artiodactyls, reptiles, fish and plants remains
 Primates - Hominidae
Sivapithecus indicus Pilgrim 1910 ape
Sivapithecus sivalensis Lydekker 1879 ape
 Primates - Adapidae
Sivaladapis palaeindicus Pilgrim 1932 primate
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Kanisamys sp. Wood 1937 mouse
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
 Perissodactyla - Chalicotheriidae
Chalicotherium sp. Kaup 1833 chalicothere
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Chilotherium sp. Ringström 1924 rhinoceros
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Amphicyon sp. Lartet 1836 bear-dog
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
? Eomellivora sp. Zdansky 1924 ratel
 Carnivora - Felidae
Vishnufelis sp. Pilgrim 1932 cat
 Carnivora - Viverridae
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Tetralophodon sp. Falconer 1857 gomphothere
Gomphotherium sp. Burmeister 1837 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Prodeinotherium sp. Ehik 1930 deinothere
 Hyaenodonta -
Dissopsalis sp. Pilgrim 1910 eutherian
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Listriodon sp. von Meyer 1846 pig
"Conohyus sindiense" = Conohyus sindiensis Lydekker 1884 pig
 Artiodactyla - Anthracotheriidae
Hemimeryx pusillus anthracothere
 Artiodactyla -
Anthracotherium punjabiense even-toed ungulate
 Artiodactyla - Tragulidae
Dorcatherium "sp. 1" Kaup 1839 chevrotain
Dorcatherium "sp. 2" Kaup 1839 chevrotain
very small
Dorcatherium minus Lydekker 1876 chevrotain
Dorcabune sp. Pilgrim 1910 chevrotain
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Giraffokeryx punjabiensis Pilgrima 1910 giraffe
Progiraffa sp. Pilgrim 1908 giraffe
Giraffa priscilla Pilgrim 1911 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae