Lang. E Quarry-GM (Miocene of South Africa)

Also known as ETE Locality 1042, Langebaanweg, "E Quarry, GM",

Where: South Africa (33.0° S, 18.2° E: paleocoordinates 33.2° S, 17.2° E)

When: Gravel Member (Varswater Formation), Late/Upper Miocene (11.6 - 5.3 Ma)

• ETE dates: Miocene to Pliocene: ETE dating method: time_unit, ETE age comment: Dating by correl of assem w/ radiometrically dated sites: age after Hendey 1981.

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: foreshore; poorly lithified conglomerate

• ETE sed env 1: coastal, ETE sed env 2: beach ETE event: ., ETE env comment: rocky&sandy beaches
• ETE rock type adj: ., ETE lithology comments: "indurated, reworked phosph rk grav &cob in unconsol wh sand"

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 10038, 631, 629, 583, 581, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: P. V. Rich. 1980. Preliminary report on the fossil avian remains from late Tertiary sediments at Langebaanweg (Cape Province), South Africa. Paleont. Afr. 26(7):69-91 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 22219: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 03.06.1999, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Osteichthyes indet.
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Pelycopoda indet.
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Diodara parviforata
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Cirripedia
  -
Cirripedia indet. barnacle
ETE occurrence; species: Cirripedia
Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida - Kraussinidae
Kraussina rubra Pallas 1766
ETE occurrence; species: mak - name shift
Bivalvia
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
cf. Perna indet. Retzius 1788 mussel
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Pitar indet. Römer 1857 venus clam
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Cardiida - Donacidae
Donax indet. Linnaeus 1758 clam
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Donax serra Roding 1798 clam
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Gastropoda
 Patellogastropoda - Nacellidae
cf. Cellana indet. Adams 1869 limpet
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Cellana capensis Gmelin 1791 limpet
ETE occurrence; species: mak - name shift
 Patellogastropoda - Patellidae
Patella granularis Linnaeus 1758 limpet
ETE occurrence; species: mak - name shift
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Bullia indet. Gray 1834 snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Thais dubia Krauss 1848 murex snail
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
Ocenebra scrobiculata murex snail
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Clavatula indet. Lamarck 1801 turrid
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Crassispira indet. Swainson 1840 turrid
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Turris indet. Röding 1798 turrid
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Littorinoidea - Littorinidae
cf. Littorina indet. Ferussac 1821 periwinkle
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Basommatophora - Siphonariidae
Siphonaria indet. Sowerby 1824 pulmonate
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
cf. Pyramidella indet. Lamarck 1799 snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Turbonilla kraussi Clessin 1890 snail
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
 Haliotoidea - Haliotidae
Haliotis indet. Linnaeus 1758 abalone
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Haliotis saldanhae Kensley 1972 abalone
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: mak - name shift
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
Turbo sarmaticus Linnaeus 1758 snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - name shift
 Turbinoidea - Phasianellidae
Tricolia neritina Dunker 1846 snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - name shift
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Oxystele tigrina Anton 1839 top snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - name shift
Chondrichthyes
 Squaliformes - Squalidae
Squalus sp. Linnaeus 1758 dogfish shark
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina sp. Dumeril 1806 angel shark
Squatina africana angel shark
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
Raja sp. Linnaeus 1758 skate
  - Trygonidae
Trygonidae indet. Müller and Henle 1837 shark
ETE occurrence; species: Trygonidae
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
Notidanus serratissimus Agassiz 1843 cow shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Megaselachus megalodon" = Otodus megalodon
"Megaselachus megalodon" = Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 megalodon
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus sp. Agassiz 1843 mako shark
Carcharodon sp. Smith 1838 white shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis accutissima sand tiger shark
Odontaspis sp. Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
ETE occurrence; species: B, C
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion sp. Whitley 1940 lemon shark
ETE occurrence; species: or Hypoprion sp.
Prionace glauca blue shark
Carcharhinus limbatus requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Galeorhinus sp. de Blainville and Prévost 1816 school shark
Actinopteri
 Spariformes - Sparidae
Sparidae indet. Cuvier 1817
ETE occurrence; species: Sparidae
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Chersina sp. Gray 1831 turtle
Aves
 Natatores -
Pelecaniformes indet. Sharpe 1891 bird
ETE occurrence; species: Pelecaniformes
 Sphenisciformes - Spheniscidae
Spheniscidae indet.2 Bonaparte 1831 penguin
"single penguin bone"
Dege hendeyi Simpson 1979 penguin
Inguza predemersus Simpson 1971 penguin
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Hipparion cf. primigenium" = Hippotherium primigenium
"Hipparion cf. primigenium" = Hippotherium primigenium von Meyer 1829 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Homiphoca capensis Hendey and Repenning 1972 seal
  -
Cetacea indet. whale
ETE occurrence; species: Cetacea
 Mysticeti - Balaenopteridae
aff. Plesiobalaenoptera sp.1 Bisconti 2010 rorqual
Echinoidea
  -
Parechinus angulosus Leske 1778 sea urchin
ETE occurrence; species: mak - name shift