Pubenza (Late Pleistocene) (Pleistocene of Colombia)

Where: Cundinamarca, Colombia (4.4° N, 74.7° W: paleocoordinates 4.4° N, 74.7° W)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; claystone

• All fossil vertebrates were found in a colluvial deposit composed of gray paleosoils rich in clay, plant remains, gypsum, volcanic ash and peat.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: M1MP, Museo Geológico José Royo y Gómez, paleontological collection INGEOMINAS (Instituto Colombiano de Geología y Mineria), Bogotá, Colombia

•ICN, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia

Primary reference: E. Cadena, C. M. Jaramillo, and M. Paramo. 2008. The first Late Pleistocene record of Kinosternon (Cryptodira: Kinosternidae) turtles from northern South America, Pubenza locality, Colombia. South American Journal of Herpetology 2(3):201-205 [E. Vlachos/E. Vlachos]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 190375: authorized by Evangelos Vlachos, entered by Evangelos Vlachos on 06.12.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Crustacea -
Crustacea indet. crustacean
mentioned as crabs
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
mentioned as gastropods
 Testudines - Kinosternoidea
Kinosternon sp. von Spix 1824 mud turtle
MGJRG (Museo Geológico José Royo y Gómez, paleontological collection INGEOMINAS, Bogotá, Colombia). MGJRG G-165-01, a right epiplastron (Fig. 2 A, B, C); MGJRG G-165-02, a left hypoplastron (Fig. 2 D, E); MGJRG G-165-03, a right IX peripheral bone (Fig. 2 I); MGJRG G-165-04, a second left costal bone (Fig. 2 F); MGJRG G-165-05, a sixth left costal bone (Fig. 2 H) and MGJRG G-165-06, a neural bone (Fig. 2 G). More fragmentary costal, neural and peripheral bones were also collected and stored as MGJRG G-165
 Glires -
Rodentia indet. Savage 1951 rodent
mentioned as rodents
 Xenarthra - Dasypodidae
Dasypodidae indet. armadillo
mentioned as armadillos
 Xenarthra - Megatheriidae
Megatherium sp. Cuvier 1796 edentate
 Xenarthra - Glyptodontidae
Glyptodon sp. Owen 1839 glyptodon
ICNPubA1 210-223, ICN-Pub07(01) 210-220, ICN-PubD 210- 220, ICN-Pub 84 153, ICN-Pub 84 163
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
"Haplomastodon waringi" = Notiomastodon platensis
"Haplomastodon waringi" = Notiomastodon platensis Ameghino 1888 gomphothere