Ethiopian amber (IGR collection) (Miocene of Ethiopia)

Where: Ethiopia (10.1° N, 39.1° E: paleocoordinates 8.8° N, 37.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Miocene (23.0 - 16.0 Ma)

• Originally assigned a Late Cenomanian age, but early Miocene according to conference abstract by Perrichot et al. (2018). Coty et al. argue for Cenozoic age as well. There is a Cenozoic sandstone intercalated between Quaternary and late Miocene basalts. As the amber is purchased, the exact stratigraphic horizon is uncertain. Amber maturity and fossil content suggests young Cenozoic age.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithified amber

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: soft parts, amber

Collection methods: Repository: Geological Department and Museum of the Université de Rennes (IGR)

Primary reference: V. Bouju, C. Jouault, and V. Perrichot. 2021. The termite genus Glyptotermes (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) in Miocene amber from Ethiopia. Journal of Paleontology 96:387-393 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 224753: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 05.04.2022, edited by Bethany Allen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bryopsida
 Hypnales - Pylaisiadelphaceae
Isopterygium sp.1 Mitten 1869
IGR.ET2020/009, IGR.ET2020/011
Jungermanniopsida
 Porellales - Lejeuneaceae
Lejeunea abyssinicoides n. sp.1 Bouju et al. 2022
IGR.ET2020/009 (holotype), sterile gametophyte
Thysananthus aethiopicus1 Bouju et al. 2022
IGR.ET2020/010, IGR.ET2020/012
 Porellales - Frullaniaceae
Frullania palaeoafricana n. sp.1 Bouju et al. 2022
IGR.ET2020/015 (holotype), gametophyte fragment
Frullania shewanensis n. sp.1 Bouju et al. 2022
IGR.ET2020/013b (holotype), sterile gametophyte; also IGR.ET2020/009
Insecta
 Blattodea - Kalotermitidae
Glyptotermes abyssinicus n. sp. Bouju et al. 2021 termite
IGR.ET2020/017
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Ravavy goldmani2 Boudinot and Perrichot 2022 ant
IGR.ET2015/001