Fowlkes Cave (Holocene) (Holocene of the United States)

Where: Culberson County, Texas (31.2° N, 104.2° W: paleocoordinates 31.2° N, 104.2° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• "less than 1 ft deep at the western extremity but more than 16 inches deep at the eastern end"

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: sinkhole; black siltstone

• "black surficial silt"

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: bone collector

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, sieve,

• "probably near 1,000 pounds" was screenwashed

Primary reference: W. W. Dalquest and F. B. Stangl, Jr. 1984. Late Pleistocene and early Recent mammals from Fowlkes Cave, southern Culberson County, Texas. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication 8:432-455 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 74474: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 06.08.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Pipistrellus hesperus Allen 1864 western pipistrelle
Antrozous pallidus Le Conte 1856 pallid bat
Myotis velifer Allen 1890 cave myotis
 Chiroptera - Molossidae
Tadarida brasiliensis Geoffroy 1824 Mexican free-tailed bat
 Chiroptera - Phyllostomidae
Mormoops megalophyla leaf-nosed bat
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Odocoileus hemionus Rafinesque 1817 mule deer
 Artiodactyla - Tayassuidae
"Dicotyles tajacu" = Pecari tajacu
"Dicotyles tajacu" = Pecari tajacu Linnaeus 1758 collared peccary
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis latrans Say 1823 coyote
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Bassariscus astutus Lichtenstein 1830 ringtail
 Soricomorpha - Soricidae
Notiosorex crawfordi Coues 1877 Crawford's gray shrew
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sapiens Linnaeus 1758 human
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Ammospermophilus interpres Merriam 1890 Texas antelope squirrel
"Spermophilus variegatus" = Otospermophilus variegatus Erxleben 1777 rock squirrel
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Reithrodontomys megalotis Baird 1858 western harvest mouse
Reithrodontomys montanus Baird 1855 plains harvest mouse
Onychomys torridus Coues 1874 grasshopper mouse
Neotoma micropus Baird 1855 southern plains woodrat
Neotoma albigula Hartley 1894 white-throated woodrat
Peromyscus maniculatus Wagner 1843 deer mouse
Peromyscus eremicus Baird 1858 deer mouse
Peromyscus leucopus Rafinesque 1818 white-footed mouse
Peromyscus pectoralis Osgood 1904 white-ankled mouse
Sigmodon hispidus Say and Ord 1825 hispid cotton rat
 Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Perognathus flavus Baird 1855 pocket mouse
"Perognathus hispidus" = Chaetodipus hispidus Baird 1858 hispid pocket mouse
Dipodomys ordii Woodhouse 1853 Ord's kangaroo rat
Dipodomys spectabilis Merriam 1890 bannertail kangaroo rat
Dipodomys merriami Mearns 1890 Merriam's kangaroo rat
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Thomomys bottae, "Pappogeomys castanops" = Cratogeomys castanops
Thomomys bottae Eydoux and Gervais 1836 Botta's pocket gopher
"Pappogeomys castanops" = Cratogeomys castanops Baird 1852 yellow-faced pocket gopher
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus californicus Gray 1837 black-tailed jackrabbit
Sylvilagus audubonii Baird 1858 desert cottontail