Terlingua (Cretaceous of the United States)

Also known as OMNH V58; TMM 43057

Where: Brewster County, Texas (29.3° N, 103.5° W: paleocoordinates 35.8° N, 77.0° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Upper Shale Member (Aguja Formation), Judithian (83.5 - 70.6 Ma)

• "microvertebrate-bearing bed is 13 to 18 cm thick" and "within several meters of the top of the underlying Terlingua Creek sandstone member"

•ammonites and bivalves support a late Campanian age

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: estuary or bay; conglomerate and sandstone

• "shallow channel with sluggish current... estuarine environment"
• "discontinuous stringers of fine (granule to small pebble) conglomerate separated by thin lenses of fine sandstones and clayey siltstone"

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Reposited in the TMM

Collection methods: bulk, chemical, sieve

Primary reference: T. Rowe, R. L. Cifelli, T. M. Lehman and A. Weil. 1992. The Campanian Terlingua local fauna, with a summary of other vertebrates from the Aguja Formation, Trans-Pecos Texas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 12(4):472-493 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 14489: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 30.04.1994, edited by Matthew Carrano, Jonathan Tennant and Patricia Holroyd

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• "Pediomys cf. krejcii" is indeterminate at the ordinal level: Cifelli 1994
unclassified
  -
Plantae indet. Haeckel 1866
"wood, coal, amber"
Actinopteri
 Teleostei -
 Elopiformes - Phyllodontidae
Phyllodontidae indet. Sauvage 1875
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteidae indet. Cuvier 1825 gar
 Amiiformes - Amiidae
Amiidae indet. Huxley 1861 bowfin
Reptilia
 Testudinata - Baenidae
"Baena" sp. Leidy 1870 turtle
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychinae indet.1 Gray 1825 softshell turtle
 Testudines -
"Chelonia indet." = Testudines
"Chelonia indet." = Testudines Batsch 1788 turtle
 Squamata -
Squamata indet. squamates
"sp. nov. X" and "sp. nov. Y"
 Squamata - Anguidae
Anguidae indet. Gray 1825 squamates
OMNH 30888, isolated osteoderm; TMM 43057-607, partial right frontal; TMM 43057-282, isolated osteoderm; TMM 43057-608613, isolated osteoderms
Glyptosaurinae indet. Marsh 1872 squamates
Proxestops sp. Gauthier 1982 squamates
Odaxosaurus piger8 Gilmore 1928 squamates
 Squamata -
Platynota indet.8 Baur 1890 squamates
TMM 43057-332, dorsal vertebra
cf. Parasaniwa wyomingensis8 Gilmore 1928 squamates
OMNH 30882, right dentary fragment; OMNH 30883, dentary fragment; TMM 43057-403, dentary fragment; TMM 43057-266 jaw fragment; TMM 43057-399, jaw fragment
Restes sp. Gauthier 1982 squamates
 Squamata - Necrosauridae
Necrosauridae indet. Hoffstetter 1943 squamates
 Squamata - Xenosauridae
cf. Xenosauridae sp.8 Cope 1866 squamates
TMM 43057-614, osteoderm; TMM 43057-615; TMM 43057-616; OMNH 23035, left maxilla (missing); OMNH 25337, left maxilla (missing)
 Squamata -
cf. Scincomorpha sp.8 Camp 1923 squamates
TMM 43057-267, fragment of a right maxilla
Apsgnathus triptodon n. gen. n. sp.8 Nydam et al. 2013 squamates
"sp. nov. B"
 Squamata - Xantusiidae
Catactegenys solaster n. gen. n. sp.8
Catactegenys solaster n. gen. n. sp.8 Nydam et al. 2013 night lizard
Holotype: TMM 43057-286, partial right spleniodentary; paratypes: TMM 43057-287, partial right maxilla; TMM 43057-288, partial left spleniodentary; TMM 43057-393, partial left spleniodentary; referred specimens: OMNH 30874, partial left spleniodentary; OMNH 30884, partial spleniodentary; TMM 43057-404, two isolated, unassociated teeth.
 Squamata - Scincidae
Scincidae indet. Gray 1825 skink
"sp. nov. A"
Scincidae sp.8 Gray 1825 skink
 Serpentes -
 Ornithischia - Ankylosauridae
Ankylosauridae indet.9 Brown 1908 ankylosaurid
 Ornithischia - Ceratopsidae
Ceratopsidae indet. Marsh 1888 ceratopsid
 Ornithischia - Pachycephalosauridae
Pachycephalosauridae indet.9 Sternberg 1945 ornithischian
 Ornithischia - Hadrosauridae
Hadrosauridae indet. Cope 1869 hadrosaurid
 Theropoda -
 Theropoda - Tyrannosauridae
Tyrannosaurinae indet.6 Matthew and Brown 1922 tyrannosaurine
TMM 43057-505, caudal vertebra; 43057-142, digit III pedal phalanx
 Theropoda - Ornithomimidae
Ornithomimus "sp. nov."7 Marsh 1890 ornithomimid
TMM 43057-424
cf. Struthiomimus sp.7 Osborn 1916 ornithomimid
TMM 43057-165
 Theropoda - Caenagnathidae
Leptorhynchos gaddisi7 Longrich et al. 2013 maniraptoran
TMM 43057-36, 354, 357
 Theropoda - Dromaeosauridae
Richardoestesia cf. gilmorei9 Currie et al. 1990 maniraptoran
misspelt "Ricardoestesia"
Saurornitholestes cf. langstoni9 Sues 1978 maniraptoran
 Crocodylia -
Deinosuchus riograndensis Colbert and Bird 1954 crocodilian
 Loricata - Goniopholididae
"Goniopholidae indet." = Goniopholididae
"Goniopholidae indet." = Goniopholididae Cope 1875 crocodilian
Mammalia
 Theriamorpha -
Paleomolops langstoni n. sp.2 Cifelli 1994 mammal
 Theriamorpha - Zhelestidae
Gallolestes agujaensis n. sp.2 Cifelli 1994 eutherian
 Theriamorpha - Alphadontidae
Turgidodon cf. lillegraveni2 Cifelli 1990 metatherian
Alphadon perexiguus n. sp.2 Cifelli 1994 metatherian
Alphadon cf. halleyi2 Sahni 1972 metatherian
includes "A. cf. sahnii" Cifelli 1994, which replaced "A. cf. wilsoni"
 Theriamorpha -
Tribotheria indet. Butler 1978 mammal
see also Cifelli 1994
 Allotheria -
Multituberculata indet. Cope 1884 multituberculate
said to be a new genus
 Multituberculata - Neoplagiaulacidae
Neoplagiaulacidae indet. Ameghino 1890 multituberculate
 Multituberculata - Cimolodontidae
Cimolodon sp. Marsh 1889 multituberculate
Cimolodon cf. electus Fox 1971 multituberculate
 Multituberculata - Cimolomyidae
Meniscoessus sp. Cope 1882 multituberculate
two forms, one probably new
Cimolomys clarki Sahni 1972 multituberculate
Amphibia
 Caudata - Urodela
Urodela indet. salamander
Scapherpetontidae indet. Auffenberg and Goin 1959 salamander
 Salientia -
Anura indet. Fischer von Waldheim 1813 frog
Anura "indet. 1"5 Fischer von Waldheim 1813 frog
OMNH 25243*, TMM 43057-256*, maxillae
 Temnospondyli - Albanerpetontidae
Albanerpetontidae indet.3, Albanerpeton gracilis3, "Albanerpeton nexuosus" = Albanerpeton nexuosus3, "Albanerpeton nexuosum" = Albanerpeton nexuosus4
Albanerpetontidae indet.3 Fox and Naylor 1982 tetrapod
TMM 43057-257, 249-251, 253-255, 258
Albanerpeton gracilis3 Gardner 2000 tetrapod
OMNH 60242, 25349, 60325
"Albanerpeton nexuosus" = Albanerpeton nexuosus3 Estes 1981 tetrapod
OMNH 25345, 60238-60241, 25235, 25238, 60243-60244
"Albanerpeton nexuosum" = Albanerpeton nexuosus4 Estes 1981 tetrapod
Gnathostomata
  -
Chondrichthyes indet. Huxley 1880 cartilaginous fish
Chondrichthyes
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatidae indet. Jordan 1888 whiptail stingray
 Euselachii -
Batomorphii indet. Cappetta 1980 elasmobranch
 Rajiformes - Ptychotrygonidae
Ptychotrygon sp. Jaekel 1894 ray
 Rajiformes - Sclerorhynchidae
Onchopristis dunklei McNulty and Slaughter 1962 ray
Ischyrhiza avonicola Estes 1964 ray
 Lamniformes - Mitsukurinidae
Scapanorhynchus sp. Woodward 1889 goblin shark
 Orectolobiformes - Orectolobidae
"Squatirhina americana" = Restesia americana
"Squatirhina americana" = Restesia americana Estes 1964 wobbegong
 Hybodontiformes - Hybodontidae
Hybodontidae indet. Agassiz 1834 elasmobranch
Hybodus sp. Agassiz 1834 elasmobranch
 Hybodontiformes - Lonchidiidae
"Lissodus selachos" = Lonchidion selachos
"Lissodus selachos" = Lonchidion selachos Estes 1964 elasmobranch
 Ichnofossils -
Teredolites sp. Leymerie 1842
shipworm borings