Fossil Bush (Oligocene of Canada)

Where: Saskatchewan, Canada (49.6° N, 108.8° W: paleocoordinates 51.0° N, 100.1° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Cypress Hills Formation, Orellan (33.9 - 33.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: J. E. Storer. 1996. Eocene-Oligocene faunas of the Cypress Hills Formation, Saskatchewan. In D. R. Prothero and R. J. Emry (eds.), The Terrestrial Eocene-Oligocene Transition in North America 240-261 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Marcot]more details

PaleoDB collection 17111: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 07.06.1994

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• incomplete and very preliminary list given by Storer 1993
numerous small mammals were reported by Russell 1972 as from "Rodent Hill, ROM V-37" but are from this locality instead
Gnathostomata
  -
Osteichthyes
 Salientia -
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychidae indet.2 Gray 1825 softshell turtle
 Squamata -
Squamata indet.3 Oppel 1811 squamates
 Serpentes -
Mammalia
 Leptictida - Leptictidae
Leptictidae indet.1 Gill 1872 eutherian
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Eumys elegans Leidy 1856 mouse
includes type of "E. pristinus"
 Rodentia - Aplodontidae
"Prosciurus relictus" = Altasciurus relictus
"Prosciurus relictus" = Altasciurus relictus Cope 1873 mountain beaver
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
Paradjidaumo sp. Burke 1934 rodent
Adjidaumo sp. Hay 1899 rodent
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Oligotheriomys cf. magnus1 Wood 1937 beaver
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Palaeolagus haydeni Leidy 1856 rabbit
Palaeolagus burkei Wood 1940 rabbit
Megalagus turgidus Cope 1873 rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Subhyracodon sp. Wood 1927 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Miohippus cf. grandis Clark and Beerbower 1967 anchitheriine horse
Mesohippus bairdi Leidy 1850 anchitheriine horse
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Daphoenus sp. Leidy 1853 bear-dog
 Carnivora - Canidae
Hesperocyon gregarius Cope 1873 canid
 Carnivora -
Palaeogale sp. von Meyer 1846 carnivoran
 Ungulata - Leptochoeridae
Leptochoerus sp. Leidy 1856 even-toed ungulate
 Ungulata - Agriochoeridae
Agriochoerus sp. Leidy 1850 agriochoerid
 Ungulata - Anthracotheriidae
Elomeryx armatus Marsh 1894 anthracothere
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
Protoceras celer Marsh 1891 protoceratid
 Ungulata - Leptomerycidae
Leptomeryx evansi Leidy 1853 ruminant
 Theriiformes - Peradectidae
Nanodelphys cf. hunti1 Cope 1873 metatherian
 Theriiformes - Herpetotheriidae
"Herpetotherium fugax" = Peratherium fugax
"Herpetotherium fugax" = Peratherium fugax Cope 1873 marsupial
see Eberle and Storer 1995