Fowlkes Cave (Holocene) (Holocene of the United States)

Where: Culberson County, Texas (31.2° N, 104.2° W: paleocoordinates 31.2° N, 104.2° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• "less than 1 ft deep at the western extremity but more than 16 inches deep at the eastern end"

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: sinkhole; black siltstone

• "black surficial silt"

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: bone collector

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, sieve,

• "probably near 1,000 pounds" was screenwashed

Primary reference: W. W. Dalquest and F. B. Stangl, Jr. 1984. Late Pleistocene and early Recent mammals from Fowlkes Cave, southern Culberson County, Texas. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication 8:432-455 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 74474: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 06.08.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sapiens Linnaeus 1758 human
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Reithrodontomys megalotis Baird 1858 western harvest mouse
Reithrodontomys montanus Baird 1855 plains harvest mouse
Sigmodon hispidus Say and Ord 1825 hispid cotton rat
Neotoma albigula Hartley 1894 white-throated woodrat
Neotoma micropus Baird 1855 southern plains woodrat
Peromyscus pectoralis Osgood 1904 white-ankled mouse
Peromyscus maniculatus Wagner 1843 deer mouse
Peromyscus eremicus Baird 1858 deer mouse
Peromyscus leucopus Rafinesque 1818 white-footed mouse
Onychomys torridus Coues 1874 grasshopper mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Spermophilus variegatus Erxleben 1777 rock squirrel
Ammospermophilus interpres Merriam 1890 Texas antelope squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Thomomys bottae, "Pappogeomys castanops" = Cratogeomys castanops
Thomomys bottae Eydoux and Gervais 1836 Botta's pocket gopher
"Pappogeomys castanops" = Cratogeomys castanops Baird 1852 yellow-faced pocket gopher
 Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Dipodomys ordii Woodhouse 1853 Ord's kangaroo rat
Dipodomys merriami Mearns 1890 Merriam's kangaroo rat
Dipodomys spectabilis Merriam 1890 bannertail kangaroo rat
Perognathus flavus Baird 1855 pocket mouse
"Perognathus hispidus" = Chaetodipus hispidus Baird 1858 hispid pocket mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus californicus Gray 1837 black-tailed jackrabbit
Sylvilagus audubonii Baird 1858 desert cottontail
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Notiosorex crawfordi Coues 1877 Crawford's gray shrew
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Bassariscus astutus Lichtenstein 1830 ringtail
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis latrans Say 1823 coyote
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis velifer Allen 1890 cave myotis
Antrozous pallidus Le Conte 1856 pallid bat
Pipistrellus hesperus Allen 1864 western pipistrelle
 Chiroptera - Mormoopidae
Mormoops megalophyla ghost-faced bat
 Chiroptera - Molossidae
Tadarida brasiliensis Geoffroy 1824 Mexican free-tailed bat
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
"Dicotyles tajacu" = Tayassu tajacu
"Dicotyles tajacu" = Tayassu tajacu Linnaeus 1758 collared peccary
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus hemionus Rafinesque 1817 mule deer