Devil's Den (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as UF LV002

Where: Levy County, Florida (29.4° N, 82.5° W: paleocoordinates 29.4° N, 82.5° W)

When: Rancholabrean mammal zone, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: cave

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collected by C. E. Ray, H. K. Brooks, J. Goggins et al. in 1960-1963; reposited in the FLMNH

Collection methods: quarrying, sieve,

Primary reference: R. A. Martin and S. D. Webb. 1974. Late Pleistocene mammals from the Devil's Den Fauna, Levy County. In S. D. Webb (ed.), Pleistocene Mammals of Florida 114-145 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/R. Hulbert]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 154805: authorized by Jonathan Bloch, entered by Richard Hulbert on 13.03.2014

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
"Scaphiopus holbrooki" = Scaphiopus (Scaphiopus) holbrooki
"Scaphiopus holbrooki" = Scaphiopus (Scaphiopus) holbrooki Harlan 1835 Eastern spadefoot toad
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana catesbeiana Shaw 1802 American bullfrog
very abundant
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo woodhousei Girard 1854 Woodhouse's toad
Bufo terrestris Bonnaterre 1789 Southern toad
 Caudata - Urodela
Ambystoma tigrinum Green 1825 tiger salamander
Reptilia
 Testudines - Kinosternoidea
Kinosternon subrubrum Bonnaterre 1788 Eastern mud turtle
 Testudines - Panchelydridae
Chelydra serpentina Linnaeus 1758 Common snapping turtle
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Geochelone crassiscutata" = Hesperotestudo crassiscutata, "Geochelone incisa" = Hesperotestudo turgida, Gopherus polyphemus
"Geochelone crassiscutata" = Hesperotestudo crassiscutata Leidy 1889 turtle
"Geochelone incisa" = Hesperotestudo turgida Cope 1892 turtle
Gopherus polyphemus Daudin 1802 Florida gopher tortoise
 Testudines - Panemydidae
"Pseudemys scripta" = Trachemys scripta Schoepff 1792 slider
Terrapene carolina Linnaeus 1758 common box turtle
Deirochelys reticularia Latreille 1801 Chicken turtle
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Alligator mississippiensis Daudin 1801 American alligator
Mammalia
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sapiens Linnaeus 1758 human
 Rodentia - Muridae
Ochrotomys nuttalli Harlan 1832 golden mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Oryzomys palustris Harlan 1837 marsh rice rat
Sigmodon hispidus Say and Ord 1825 hispid cotton rat
"Peromyscus floridanus" = Podomys floridanus Chapman 1889 Florida mouse
Neotoma floridana Ord 1818 eastern woodrat
Ondatra zibethicus Linnaeus 1766 muskrat
Synaptomys australis Simpson 1928 vole
"Pitymys pinetorum" = Microtus pinetorum Le Conte 1830 woodland vole
Microtus pennsylvanicus Ord 1815 meadow vole
Neofiber alleni True 1884 round-tailed muskrat
Peromyscus polionotus Wagner 1843 oldfield mouse
Peromyscus cf. gossypinus Le Conte 1853 cotton mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciurus carolinensis Gmelin 1788 eastern gray squirrel
Sciurus niger Linnaeus 1758 fox squirrel
Glaucomys volans Linnaeus 1758 southern flying squirrel
 Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys cf. pinetis Rafinesque 1817 southeastern pocket gopher
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Sylvilagus cf. floridanus Allen 1890 eastern cottontail
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Scalopus aquaticus Linnaeus 1758 eastern mole
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Blarina brevicauda Say 1823 northern short-tailed shrew
Cryptotis parva Say 1823 North American least shrew
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Tremarctos floridanus Gidley 1928 Florida cave bear
 Carnivora - Mephitidae
Spilogale putorius Linnaeus 1758 eastern spotted skunk
Mephitis mephitis Schreber 1776 striped skunk
 Carnivora - Procyonidae
Procyon lotor Linnaeus 1758 raccoon
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustela frenata Lichtenstein 1831 long-tailed weasel
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis dirus Leidy 1858 dire wolf
Canis familiaris Linnaeus 1758 dog
Canis rufus Audubon and Bachman 1851 red wolf
Urocyon cinereoargenteus Schreber 1775 gray fox
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Smilodon cf. floridanus" = Smilodon fatalis, "Felis rufus" = Lynx rufus, "Felis onca" = Panthera onca
"Smilodon cf. floridanus" = Smilodon fatalis Leidy 1868 saber-toothed cat
"Felis rufus" = Lynx rufus Schreber 1777 bobcat
"Felis onca" = Panthera onca Linnaeus 1758 jaguar
referred to extinct subspecies F. onca augusta
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
Mammut americanum Kerr 1792 American mastodon
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
cf. Lasiurus intermedius Allen 1862 northern yellow bat
Myotis sp. Kaup 1829 vesper bat
Myotis cf. austroriparius Rhoads 1897 vesper bat
Myotis grisescens Howell 1909 gray bat
Pipistrellus subflavus Cuvier 1832 eastern pipistrelle bat
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Platygonus compressus Leconte 1848 peccary
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
Bison or Bos
 Ungulata - Cervidae
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann 1780 white-tailed deer
 Didelphimorphia - Didelphidae
Didelphis virginiana Kerr 1792 Virginia opossum