Tarsia, Crati Valley (Pleistocene of Italy)

Also known as Reef 3904

Where: Calabria, Italy (39.6° N, 16.3° E: paleocoordinates 39.5° N, 16.2° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• basal unit II, Gephyrocapsa sp. 3 zone

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: perireef or subreef; lithified limestone and lithified, silty sandstone

• very quiet environment with low to absent water movement and low light intensity
• coral bank (max. 5 m thick) interbedded in silty sands

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: M. P. Bernasconi, C. Corselli, and L. Carobene. 1997. A bank of scleractinian coral Cladocora caespitosa in the Pleistocene of the Crati valley (Calabria, southern Italy): growth versus environmental conditions. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana 36:53-61 [W. Kiessling/U. Merkel]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 85065: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Uta Merkel on 25.11.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Chlamys sp., "Mimachlamys varia" = Chlamys (Mimachlamys)
Chlamys sp. Röding 1798 scallop
"Mimachlamys varia" = Chlamys (Mimachlamys) scallop
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama gryphoides Linnaeus 1758 jewel box
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Venus casina" = Dosina cassina
"Venus casina" = Dosina cassina Linnaeus 1758 venus clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
"Nucula nucleus" = Nucula (Nucula) nucleus
"Nucula nucleus" = Nucula (Nucula) nucleus Linnaeus 1758 nut clam
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
Mitrella sp. Risso 1826 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Nassarius incrassatus Müller 1773 snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
"Turbona cimex" = Alvania (Turbona) snail
Rissoina bruguieri Payraudeau 1826 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Campanilidae
"Cerithium vulgatum" = Cerithium (Thericium) vulgatum
"Cerithium vulgatum" = Cerithium (Thericium) vulgatum Bruguière 1789 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Faviidae
Cladocora caespitosa Linne 1767 stony coral