Site 39, Kitunguni Quarry (Pleistocene of Kenya)

Also known as Reef 3352

Where: Kenya (4.2° S, 39.6° E: paleocoordinates 4.2° S, 39.6° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• Tridacna gigas U-Series open system age from nearby Shelly Beach Quarry (12 m a.s.l.) of 120±4 ka (group A)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: perireef or subreef; limestone

• sheltered, leeward environment, 10-30 m depth
• Heteropsammia calcarenite sand patches

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the BMNH

Primary reference: J. A. Crame. 1986. Late Pleistocene molluscan assemblages from the coral reefs of the Kenya coast. Coral Reefs 4:183-196 [W. Kiessling/A. Girndt]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 81099: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Antje Girndt on 04.06.2008, edited by Uta Merkel

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Anadara antiquata" = Anadara (Anadara) antiquata Linnaeus 1758 ark
1-5 % specimens
 Ostreida - Pinnidae
Pinna sp. Linnaeus 1758 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Modiolus sp. Lamarck 1801 mussel
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Timoclea marica Linnaeus 1758 venus clam
1-5 % specimens
Pitar sp. Römer 1857 venus clam
5-10 % specimens
"Circe scripta" = Circe (Circe) scripta Linnaeus 1758 Script Venus
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
"Tellinella sp." = Tellina (Tellinella)
"Tellinella sp." = Tellina (Tellinella) Mörch 1853 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Trachycardium sp. Mörch 1853 cockle
1-5 % specimens
Fragum fragum Linnaeus 1758 cockle
1-5 % specimens
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Codakia sp. Scopoli 1777 clam
Codakia punctata Linnaeus 1758 clam
1-5 % specimens
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Pleuroploca trapezium Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Neogastropoda - Harpidae
Harpa sp. Röding 1798 snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus musica cone shell
Conus arenatus Hwass in Bruguiére 1792 cone shell
Conus flavidus Lamarck 1810 cone shell
1-5 % specimens
 Neogastropoda - Terebridae
Terebra hectica auger snail
Terebra dimidiata auger snail
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
"Strombus gibberulus" = Strombus (Gibberulus) gibberulus
"Strombus gibberulus" = Strombus (Gibberulus) gibberulus Linnaeus 1758 conch
>10 % specimens
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Polinices sp. Monfort 1810 moon snail
 Tonnoidea - Tonnidae
Tonna sp. Brünnich 1772 tun shell
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
Cassis cornuta Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Rhinoclavis fasciata Bruguière 1792 cerith snail
1-5 % specimens
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
Architectonica perspectiva Linnaeus 1767 sundial
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Dendrophylliidae
Heteropsammia sp. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral