Kikai Island, Kamikatetsu, fore-reef (Pleistocene of Japan)

Also known as Reef 3941

Where: Japan (28.3° N, 130.0° E: paleocoordinates 28.3° N, 129.9° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Ryukyu Group, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• Th/U age: 82,000 +/- 2,000

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: perireef or subreef; grainstone

• fore-reef sediments, water depth 120 m or less
• moderately sorted, unconsolidated to weakly cemented, and grain-supported limestone with foraminifers, brachiopods, bryozoans, molluscs, echinoids, solitary corals and fragmental calcareous algae, and very rare hermatypic corals and coralline algae in growth position

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: H. Yabe and M. Eguchi. 1942. Fossil and recent simple corals from Japan. Science reports of the Tohoku Imperial University, Geology 22(2):105-178 [W. Kiessling/U. Merkel]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 92589: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Uta Merkel on 18.11.2009

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• corals only
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Fungiacyathidae
"Bathyactis kikaiensis" = Fungiacyathus fragilis, "Bathyactis symmetrica" = Fungiacyathus symmetricus
"Bathyactis kikaiensis" = Fungiacyathus fragilis Sars 1872 stony coral
"Bathyactis symmetrica" = Fungiacyathus symmetricus Pourtales 1871 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Micrabaciidae
Stephanophyllia (Letepsammia) japonica Yabe and Eguchi 1934 stony coral
Stephanophyllia fungulus Alcock 1902 stony coral
"Stephanophyllia (Letepsammia) formosissima" = Letepsammia formosissima Moseley 1876 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Dendrophylliidae
Heteropsammia ovalis Semper 1872 stony coral
subsp. japonica
"Endopachys japonicum" = Endopachys grayi Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Balanophyllia sp. Wood 1844 stony coral
Balanophyllia cf. imperialis Kent 1871 stony coral
Balanophyllia cf. cumingii Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Anthemiphylliidae
Anthemiphyllia dentata Alcock 1902 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae
"Goniocyathus pacificus" = Dasmosmilia pacifica Yabe and Eguchi 1932 stony coral
Heterocyathus aequicostatus Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Ceratotrochus (Conotrochus) elongatus Yabe and Eguchi 1942 stony coral
"Premocyathus compressus" = Caryophyllia (Premocyathus) compressa Yabe and Eguchi 1942 stony coral
Caryophyllia paucipaliata Yabe and Eguchi 1932 stony coral
"Citharocyathus conicus" = Notocyathus conicus Alcock 1902 stony coral
Trochocyathus hanzawai Yabe and Eguchi 1932 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Flabellidae
Flabellum distinctum Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 stony coral
Flabellum transversale Moseley 1881 stony coral
Flabellum rubrum Quoy and Gaimard 1833 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Turbinoliidae
Trochocyathus (Tropidocyathus) lessoni, "Peponocyathus orientalis" = Peponocyathus orientalis, "Deltocyathus orientalis" = Peponocyathus orientalis, "Trochocyathus pileus" = Cyathotrochus pileus
Trochocyathus (Tropidocyathus) lessoni Michelin 1842 stony coral
"Peponocyathus orientalis" = Peponocyathus orientalis Duncan 1876 stony coral
"Deltocyathus orientalis" = Peponocyathus orientalis Duncan 1876 stony coral
"Trochocyathus pileus" = Cyathotrochus pileus Alcock 1902 stony coral