Tso-chen (Pleistocene of Taiwan)

Also known as Chochen; Tsochin

Where: Tainan, Taiwan (23.0° N, 120.4° E: paleocoordinates 23.1° N, 120.2° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• Villafranchian; Mutien beds

Environment/lithology: marine; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: K. Ting-Pong. 1956. Summary on the fossil vertebrates in Taiwan (Formosa). Proceedings of the Eight Pacific Science Congress 2:530-535 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 76844: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 03.12.2007, edited by Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis
"Isurus hastalis" = Cosmopolitodus hastalis Agassiz 1843 elasmobranch
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Carcharodon arnoldi Jordan 1898 white shark
Carcharodon carcharias Linnaeus 1758 great white shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharias cuspidatus Agassiz 1843 sand shark
 Loricata -
"Crocodilia indet." = Crocodylia
"Crocodilia indet." = Crocodylia Owen 1842 crocodilian
 Crocodylia -
Tomistoma taiwanicus n. sp.2 Shikama 1972 false gharial
NSMT-P-9121-9126 - type (partial skull)
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros sp. Linnaeus 1758 one-horned rhinoceros
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Stegodon cf. sinensis, Stegodon (Parastegodon) akashiensis1, Stegodon (Parastegodon) aurorae1, Mammuthus armeniacus1, "Elephas cf. trogontherii" = Mammuthus trogontherii, "Elephas hysudricus" = Elephas1, "Palaeoloxodon naumanii" = Elephas1, "Elephas indicus" = Elephas maximus indicus
Mammuthus armeniacus1 mammoth
subspecies taiwanicus
"Elephas cf. trogontherii" = Mammuthus trogontherii Pohlig 1885 mammoth
"Elephas hysudricus" = Elephas1 elephant
subspecies paramamonteus
"Palaeoloxodon naumanii" = Elephas1 elephant
"Elephas indicus" = Elephas maximus indicus Cuvier 1798 Asian elephant
subspecies buski
 Delphinoidea - Delphinidae
Delphinidae indet. Gray 1821 dolphin
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Bibos geron antelope
 Ungulata - Cervidae