Wray (Neogene of the United States)

Also known as Beecher Island

Where: Yuma County, Colorado (40.1° N, 102.2° W: paleocoordinates 40.4° N, 100.5° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Hemphillian (10.3 - 4.9 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: J. C. Frye, A. B. Leonard, and A. Swineford. 1956. Stratigraphy of the Ogallala Formation (Neogene) of northern Kansas. State Geological Survey of Kansas Bulletin 118:1-92 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]more details

PaleoDB collection 18495: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 05.08.1992, edited by Jonathan Marcot

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras hicksi1 Cook 1927 rhinoceros
Aphelops mutilus5 Matthew 1924 rhinoceros
"Wray area Locality B" and "C"
Aphelops malacorhinus1 Cope 1878 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparionini indet.1 Quinn 1955 hipparionine horse
Dinohippus cf. interpolatus7 Cope 1893 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes stenognathus8 Savage 1941 fox
"From Black Wolf Creek (late Hemphillian), vicinity of Wray, Yuma County, Colorado"
Epicyon haydeni7 Leidy 1858 bone-crushing dog
Borophagus pugnator1 Cook 1922 bone-crushing dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Machairodus coloradensis" = Amphimachairodus coloradensis
"Machairodus coloradensis" = Amphimachairodus coloradensis Cook 1922 cat
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Amebelodon floridanus1 Leidy 1886 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Tayassuinae indet.1 Palmer 1897 peccary
Platygonus pollenae6 Prothero and Grenader 2012 peccary
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Megatylopus cf. gigas Matthew and Cook 1909 camel
? Alforjas sp.4 Harrison 1979 camel
 Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
? Drepanomeryx falciformis2, "Dromomeryx parvus n. sp." = Bouromeryx americanus2, "Pediomeryx figginsi" = Yumaceras figginsi1
? Drepanomeryx falciformis2 Sinclair 1915 ruminant
Frick 1937 says this specimen is more suggestive of Camalidae [sic]
"Dromomeryx parvus n. sp." = Bouromeryx americanus2 Douglass 1899 ruminant
"Pediomeryx figginsi" = Yumaceras figginsi1 Frick 1937 ruminant
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Texoceros vaughani n. sp.3 Frick 1937 pronghorn
also at "Section 8"