Penedo (Miocene of Portugal)

Where: Portugal (39.1° N, 9.2° W: paleocoordinates 39.2° N, 9.9° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Late/Upper Miocene (11.6 - 5.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: coastal; glauconitic, calcareous sandstone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: replaced with phosphate

Primary reference: C. Da Mata. 1962. Nota preliminar sobre um delfinideo (Eurhinodelphis cf. cristatus) do Miocenico do Penedo, a Norte do Cabo Espichel. Boletim do Mueu e Laboratorio Mineralogico e Geologico da Faculdade de Ciencias 9(2):157-165 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 56459: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 18.11.2005, edited by Catalina Pimiento

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Chondrichthyes
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina subserrata1 angel shark
 Odontaspidida - Isuridae
Isuridae indet.1 Gray 1851 mackerel shark
 Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae
Rhinoptera studeri1 Agassiz 1843 cownose ray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatidae indet.1 Bonaparte 1838 eagle ray
Myliobatis crassus1 eagle ray
Myliobatis bovina1 eagle ray
Myliobatis sp.1 Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
Myliobatis acutus1 eagle ray
Myliobatis oweni1 eagle ray
Myliobatis faujasi1 Agassiz 1843 eagle ray
"Aetobatis arcuatus" = Aetobatis irregularis1 Agassiz 1843 eagle ray
 Pristiformes - Pristidae
Pristis sp.1 Linck 1790 sawfish
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
Hexanchus grlseus1 sixgill shark
 Lamniformes - Carchariidae
"Physodon sp." = Physodon1
"Physodon sp." = Physodon1 Müller and Henle 1839 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus benedeni1, Isurus oxyrinchus1, Isurus desori1, "Isurus hastalis" = Carcharodon hastalis1, "Procarcharodon megaladon" = Carcharodon1, "Procarcharodon rondeletti" = Carcharodon1
Isurus benedeni1 mako shark
Isurus oxyrinchus1 Rafinesque 1810 mako shark
Isurus desori1 Sismonda 1849 mako shark
"Isurus hastalis" = Carcharodon hastalis1 Agassiz 1843 white shark
"Procarcharodon megaladon" = Carcharodon1 white shark
"Procarcharodon rondeletti" = Carcharodon1 white shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
"Odontaspis taurus" = Carcharias taurus1
"Odontaspis taurus" = Carcharias taurus1 Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Carcharhinidae indet.1 Jordan and Evermann 1896 requiem shark
Hypoprion acanthodon1 requiem shark
Negaprion eurybathrodon1 Blake 1862 lemon shark
Aprionodon lerichei1 requiem shark
Galeocerdo adunmts1 tiger shark
Carcharhinus egertoni1 Agassiz 1843 requiem shark
Carcharhinus priscus1 Agassiz 1843 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna sp.1 Rafinesque 1810 hammerhead shark
Sphyrna zygaena1 Linnaeus 1758 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
Hemipristis serra1 Agassiz 1843 ground shark
Actinopteri
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
 Spariformes - Sparidae
 Labriformes - Labridae
 Labriformes - Scaridae
Mammalia
 Odontoceti - Kentriodontidae
Kentriodontidae indet.2 Slijper 1936 toothed whale
 Odontoceti - Ziphiidae
"Diodon stenodus" = Ziphius1, "Diodon sp." = Ziphius1
"Diodon stenodus" = Ziphius1 beaked whale
"Diodon sp." = Ziphius1 Cuvier 1824 beaked whale
Trigonodon
  - Trigonodontidae
Trigonodon oweni
  - Trigonodontidae
"Trigonodon oweni" = Trigonodon jugleri1
"Trigonodon oweni" = Trigonodon jugleri1 Münster 1846