Lee Creek, Pungo River Fm. (Miocene to of the United States)

Where: Beaufort County, North Carolina (35.4° N, 76.8° W: paleocoordinates 35.6° N, 73.0° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Pungo River Formation, Aquitanian to Aquitanian (23.0 - 13.8 Ma)

• Age after Ward 2008.

Environment/lithology: marine; carbonate

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collection methods: salvage, surface (float),

Primary reference: J. R. Boreske, L. Goldberg, and B. Cameron. 1972. A reworked cetacean with clam borings: Miocene of North Carolina. Journal of Paleontology 46(1):130-139 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 48887: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 03.04.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Chrysophyceae
 Phytomastigophora - Dictyochaceae
Bacillariophyceae
 Paraliales - Paraliaceae
Paralia sulcata1 Ehrenberg 1838 diatom
  -
Xanthiopyxis sp.1 Ehrenberg 1845 diatom
 Naviculales - Diploneidaceae
Diploneis crabro1 Ehrenberg 1844 diatom
 Naviculales - Naviculaceae
Navicula pennata1 Schmidt 1876 diatom
 Asterolamprales - Asterolampraceae
 Centrales - Eupodiscaceae
 Centrales -
  -
 Fragilariales - Fragilariaceae
  -
Pseudopyxilla americana1 Ehrenberg 1843 diatom
 Lithodesmiales - Lithodesmiaceae
 Bacillariales - Bacillariaceae
 Thalassionematales - Thalassionemataceae
 Cymatosirales - Cymatosiraceae
Cymatosira "a"1 Grunow 1862 diatom
 Rhizosoleniales - Pyxillaceae
 Rhizosoleniales - Rhizosoleniaceae
  -
Liradiscus ovalis1 Greville 1865 diatom
Liradiscus asperulus1 Andrews 1976 diatom
 Melosirales - Melosiraceae
"Paralia complexa" = Melosira complexa1, Melosira westii1
"Paralia complexa" = Melosira complexa1 Lohman 1948 diatom
Melosira westii1 Smith 1856 diatom
 Melosirales - Stephanopyxidaceae
Stephanopyxis lineata1 Ehrenberg 1854 diatom
Stephanopyxis turris1 Greville and Arnot 1857 diatom
Stephanopyxis corona1 Ehrenberg 1845 diatom
 Melosirales - Trochosiraceae
 Melosirales - Endictyaceae
 Melosirales - Hyalodiscaceae
Hyalodiscus laevis1 Ehrenberg 1845 diatom
  -
 Stictodiscales - Stictodiscaceae
  - Hemidiscaceae
Actinocyclus tenellus1 Brébisson 1854 diatom
Actinocyclus ingens1 Rattray 1890 diatom
Actinocyclus octonarius1 Ehrenberg 1838 diatom
 Anaulales - Anaulaceae
Anaulus mediterraneus1 diatom
var. intermedia
  -
 Thalassiosirales - Thalassiosiraceae
Thalassiosira "a"1 Cleve 1873 diatom
Thalassiosira "b"1 Cleve 1873 diatom
 Rhaphoneidales - Rhaphoneidaceae
  -
Goniothecium rogersii1 Ehrenberg 1843 diatom
 Coscinodiscales - Heliopeltaceae
Actinoptychus virginicus1 Grunow 1883 diatom
Actinoptychus marylandicus1 Andrews 1976 diatom
Actinoptychus senarius1 Ehrenberg 1838 diatom
 Coscinodiscales - Coscinodiscaceae
Craspedodiscus coscinodiscus1 Ehrenberg 1845 diatom
Coscinodiscus oculus1 diatom
-iridis
Coscinodiscus asteromphalus1 Ehrenberg 1839 diatom
Coscinodiscus apiculatus1 Ehrenberg 1844 diatom
Coscinodiscus gigas1 Ehrenberg 1839 diatom
var. diorama
Coscinodiscus perforatus1 Ehrenberg 1844 diatom
Coscinodiscus vetustissimus1 Pantocsek 1886 diatom
Coscinodiscus marginatus1 Ehrenberg 1839 diatom
Coscinodiscus rothii1 Ehrenberg 1854 diatom
Coscinodiscus curvatulus1 Grunow 1878 diatom
Cymatogonia
  -
Periptera tetracladia
  -
Periptera tetracladia1 Ehrenberg 1845
Mediaria
  -
Pleurosigma
  -
Pleurosigma affine1 Grunow 1880
var. marylandica
Hemiaulus
  - Biddulphiaceae
Biddulphia
  - Biddulphiaceae
Clavicula
  -
Clavicula polymorpha1
var. aspicephala
Stephanogonia actinoptychus
  -
Dossetia
  -
Dossetia hyalina1 Andrews 1976
Macrora
  -
Mediophyceae
 Stephanodiscales - Thalassiosirophycidae
Foraminifera
 Globigerinina - Hedbergellidae
 Globigerinoidea - Globigerinitidae
Globigerinita glutinata7 Egger 1893
subspecies ambitacrena
 Globigerinoidea - Globorotaliidae
"Globorotalia scitula" = Globorotalia (Hirsutella) scitula7
"Globorotalia scitula" = Globorotalia (Hirsutella) scitula7 Brady 1882
 Globigerinoidea - Globigerinidae
Globigerina euapertura7 Jenkins 1960
"Globigerina woodi" = Globoturborotalita woodi7 Jenkins 1960
subspecies woodi
 Lituolida - Lituolidae
  - Spiroplectamminidae
 Buliminacea - Siphogenerinoididae
 Rotaliina - Bolivinidae
Chondrichthyes
 Lamniformes - Megachasmidae
Megachasma sp.12 Taylor et al. 1983 mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon12
"Carcharodon megalodon" = Otodus megalodon12 Agassiz 1835 megalodon
units 4-6, upper part of the Pungo River Fm. Also studied in Pimiento and Balk
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Odontaspis ferox12, "Carcharias cuspidata" = Araloselachus cuspidatus12
Odontaspis ferox12 Risso 1826 sand tiger shark
"Carcharias cuspidata" = Araloselachus cuspidatus12 Agassiz 1843 sand tiger shark
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus oxyrinchus12 Rafinesque 1810 mackerel shark
"Isurus hastalis" = Carcharodon hastalis12 Agassiz 1838 white shark
Carcharodon subauriculatus12 Agassiz 1839 white shark
units 4-5, lower and middle part of the Pungo River Fm.
 Lamniformes - Alopiidae
Alopias cf. vulpinus12 Bonnaterre 1788 thresher shark
Alopias cf. superciliosus12 Lowe 1840 thresher shark
 Lamniformes - Cetorhinidae
Cetorhinus sp.12 de Blainville 1816 basking shark
 Lamniformes - Carchariidae
Carcharias sp.12, "Odontaspis cf. acutissima" = Carcharias acutissimus12
Carcharias sp.12 Rafinesque 1810 sand shark
"Odontaspis cf. acutissima" = Carcharias acutissimus12 Agassiz 1843 sand shark
 Orectolobiformes - Ginglymostomatidae
Ginglymostoma sp.12 Müller and Henle 1838 nurse shark
 Orectolobiformes - Rhincodontidae
Rhincodon sp.12 Smith 1829 whale shark
 Carcharhiniformes - Triakidae
Mustelus sp.12 hound shark
Hypogaleus sp.12 Smith 1957 hound shark
 Carcharhiniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion brevirostris12 Poey 1868 lemon shark
Carcharhinus perezi12 Poey 1876 requiem shark
Carcharhinus leucas12 Valenciennes 1839 requiem shark
Carcharhinus plumbeus12 Nardo 1827 requiem shark
Carcharhinus falciformis12 Bibron 1841 requiem shark
Carcharhinus brachyurus12 Gunther 1870 requiem shark
Triaenodon obesus12 Ruppell 1835 requiem shark
"Galeocerdo contortus" = Physogaleus contortus12 Gibbes 1847 requiem shark
? Rhizoprionodon sp.12 Whitley 1929 sharpnose shark
 Carcharhiniformes - Hemigaleidae
"Galeorhinus cf. affinis" = Chaenogaleus affinis12, Hemipristis serra12, Paragaleus sp.12
"Galeorhinus cf. affinis" = Chaenogaleus affinis12 Probst 1878 ground shark
Hemipristis serra12 Agassiz 1835 ground shark
Paragaleus sp.12 Budker 1935 ground shark
 Carcharhiniformes - Galeocerdidae
Galeocerdo sp.12 Müller and Henle 1837 tiger shark
 Carcharhiniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna cf. media12 Springer 1940 hammerhead shark
Sphyrna zygaena12 Linnaeus 1758 hammerhead shark
 Carcharhiniformes - Scyliorhinidae
Megascyliorhinus miocaenicus12 Antunes and Jonet 1969 cat shark
Scyliorhinus sp.12 Blainville 1816 cat shark
 Hexanchiformes - Hexanchidae
 Pristiophoriformes - Pristiophoridae
Pristiophorus sp.12 Bleeker 1859 saw shark
 Echinorhiniformes - Echinorhinidae
Echinorhinus cf. blakei12 Agassiz 1856 shark
 Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina sp.12 Dumeril 1806 angel shark
 Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhinobatos sp.12 Link 1790 guitarfish
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Plinthicus stenodon12 Cope 1869 eagle ray
Mobula sp.12 Rafinesque 1810 devil ray
Pteromylaeus sp.12 Garman 1913 bull ray
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis cf. americana12 Hildebrand and Schroeder 1928 whiptail stingray
Dasyatis say12 Lesueur 1817 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Aetobatidae
Aetobatus sp.12 Blainville 1816 stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Rhinopteridae
Rhinoptera sp.12 Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
Actinopteri
 Elopiformes - Megalopidae
Megalops cf. atlanticus12 Valenciennes 1847
 Siluriformes - Ariidae
Bagre sp.12 Mitchill 1815 Ariid catfish
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
Sarda aff. sarda12 Bloch 1791
Thunnus sp.12 South 1845
 Perciformes - Sparidae
Lagodon cf. rhomboides12 Linnaeus 1766 perch-like fish
 Acanthuriformes - Sciaenidae
Pogonias cf. cromis12 Cope 1869 black drum
 Tetraodontiformes - Monacanthidae
Aluterus sp.12 Cloquet 1816 Leatherjacket
 Tetraodontiformes - Diodontidae
 Istiophoriformes - Istiophoridae
Hemirhabdorhynchus sp.12 Casier 1946
 Istiophoriformes - Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena cf. barracuda12 Edwards 1771 barracuda
Mammalia
 Cetacea -
Odontoceti indet.9 Flower 1867 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Agorophiidae
cf. Ankylorhiza sp.4, "Squalodon tiedemani" = Ankylorhiza tiedemani
cf. Ankylorhiza sp.4 Boessenecker et al. 2020 toothed whale
"Squalodon tiedemani" = Ankylorhiza tiedemani Allen 1887 toothed whale
found in the Yorktown Formation, but thought to be reworked from the Pungo River
 Cetacea - Squalodontidae
Squalodontidae indet.13 Brandt 1873 toothed whale
Squalodon sp.13 Grateloup 1840 toothed whale
Squalodon calvertensis13 Kellogg 1923 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Ziphiidae
Ziphiidae indet.9 Gray 1850 beaked whale
Anoplonassa sp.13 Cope 1869 beaked whale
aff. Ninoziphius platyrostris9 Muizon 1983 beaked whale
 Cetacea - Platanistidae
Araeodelphis cf. natator13 Kellogg 1957 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Physeteridae
Physeteridae indet.13 Gray 1821 sperm whale
several hundred sperm whale teeth
cf. Physeteridae indet.9 Gray 1821 sperm whale
 Cetacea -
Delphinodon cf. mento13 Cope 1867 toothed whale
Tretosphys gabbii13 Cope 1868 toothed whale
cf. Champsodelphis sp.13 Gervais 1852 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Squalodelphinidae
Squalodelphinidae indet.2 Dal Piaz 1917 toothed whale
 Cetacea -
cf. Phococetus sp.3 Gervais 1876 toothed whale
USHM 51878, CCNHM 1836
 Cetacea - Eurhinodelphinidae
Eurhinodelphinidae indet.9 Abel 1901 toothed whale
Xiphiacetus sp.13 Lambert 2005 toothed whale
 Cetacea -
Nannolithax sp.13 Kellogg 1931 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Kentriodontidae
Kentriodontidae indet.9 Slijper 1936 toothed whale
Kentriodon sp.13 Kellogg 1927 toothed whale
Kentriodon schneideri n. sp.13 Whitmore and Kaltenbach 2008 toothed whale
 Cetacea -
"aff. Lophocetus pappus" = Liolithax pappus13, aff. Atocetus sp.13, "Delphinodon dividum" = Brevirostrodelphis dividum13
"aff. Lophocetus pappus" = Liolithax pappus13 Kellogg 1955 toothed whale
aff. Atocetus sp.13 Muizon 1988 toothed whale
"Delphinodon dividum" = Brevirostrodelphis dividum13 True 1912 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Pontoporiidae
Pontoporiidae indet.9 Gray 1870 toothed whale
 Sirenia - Dugongidae
? Nanosiren sp.5 Domning and Aguilera 2008 dugong
Aves
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Ciconiidae indet.11 Sundevall 1836 stork
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
Ciconia "speciesone"11 Brisson 1760 stork
 Suliformes - Sulidae
"Morus loxostylus" = Moris loxostyla11, Morus atlanticus11
"Morus loxostylus" = Moris loxostyla11 Cope 1870 gannet
Morus atlanticus11 Shufeldt 1915 gannet
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Puffinus sp.11, "Puffinus aff. gravis" = Ardenna gravis11
Puffinus sp.11 Brisson 1760 shearwater
"Puffinus aff. gravis" = Ardenna gravis11 O'Reilly 1818 great shearwater
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
 Gaviiformes - Gaviidae
Gavia egeriana11 Svec 1982 loon
? Colymboides sp.11 Milne-Edwards 1867 loon
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Rallidae indet.11 Vigors 1825 rail
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
 Gruiformes - Gruidae
? Balearica sp.11 Brisson crowned cranes
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anatidae indet.11 Vigors 1825 waterfowl
 Charadriiformes - Alcoidae
Miocepphus mcclungi11 Wetmore 1940 auk
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Larus sp.11 Linnaeus 1758 gull
 Carinatae -
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Phasianidae indet.11 Horsfield 1821 pheasant
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
 Galliformes - Cracidae
? Ortalis sp.11 Merrem 1786 chachalaca
possibly from Yorktown Fm.
Thecostraca
 Balanomorpha - Balanidae
Fistulobalanus klemmi n. sp.16 Zullo 1984 barnacle
Balanus imitator n. sp.16 Zullo 1984 barnacle
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Ecphora (Ecphora) pamlico15 Wilson 1987 murex snail
Ecphora (Stenomphalus) aurora15 Wilson 1987 murex snail
Cephalopoda
 Nautilida - Aturiidae
Aturia sp.6 Bronn 1838 nautiloid
Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Amusium sp.8 Röding 1798 scallop
Chesapecten coccymelus8 Dall 1898 scallop
Pecten mclellani n. sp.8 Gibson 1987 scallop
Pecten humphreysii8 Conrad 1842 scallop
subspecies humphreysii
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae