Bed No. 8, Soldado Rock (Eocene of Trinidad and Tobago)

Where: Trinidad and Tobago (10.2° N, 62.0° W: paleocoordinates 8.3° N, 55.4° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Boca de Serpiente Formation, Priabonian (38.0 - 33.9 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From unnamed lithostratigraphic unit. Presumably underlies supposed Oligocene beds. AGE: Early Eocene, based on authors suggestion of "basal Eocene", correlations to Midway Eocene beds and Clayton, Georgia. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From bed 8, near top of section.

•JA: assigned to the (new) Boca de Serpiente Formation and said to be "uppermost Eocene, namely Ludian" = Priabonian by Maury 1929

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: open shallow subtidal; lithified, green, red ironstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Shallow marine carbonate setting.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Indurated rock, stained red with hematite and greenish and purplish with other forms of iron. LITHIFICATION: Lithified, based on facies description and figured specimens.

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by Veatch & Maury; reposited in the PRI

• COLLECTORS: A. Veatch and C. Maury, c. 1912. REPOSITORY: PRI, Ithaca (NY).

Primary reference: C. J. Maury. 1912. A contribution to the paleontology of Trinidad. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 15:1-112 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 80172: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 07.04.2008, edited by Marko Manojlovic

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for gastropoda and bivalvia. NOMENCLATURE: An authoritative publication, but rather antiquated, though with identifications made to species resolution.
 Terebratulida - Terebratulidae
? Gryphus stantoni Maury 1912
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Spondylus sp. Linnaeus 1758 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea thirsae" = Odontogryphaea thirsae Gabb 1862 oyster
Ostrea golfotristensis Maury 1912 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
"Modiola alabamensis" = Brachidontes alabamensis
"Modiola alabamensis" = Brachidontes alabamensis Aldrich 1895 mussel
 Carditida - Carditidae
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
"Corbula (Cuneocorbula) weaveri" = Cuneocorbula weaveri, "Corbula (Cuneocorbula) subengonata" = Cuneocorbula subengonata
"Corbula (Cuneocorbula) weaveri" = Cuneocorbula weaveri Maury 1912 clam
"Corbula (Cuneocorbula) subengonata" = Cuneocorbula subengonata Dall 1898 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Venerupis atlantica Maury 1912 venus clam
Meretrix cf. nuttalliopsis Heilprin 1878 venus clam
Meretrix subimpressa Conrad 1848 venus clam
SUBSPECIES: Meretrix subimpressa golfotristensis
 Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae
Cylichna solivaga Maury 1912 snail
 Triphoroidea - Cerithiopsidae
Cerithiopsis veatchiana Maury 1912 snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
"Fusus bocarepertus" = Fusinus bocarepertus, "Fusus longiusculoides" = Fusinus longiusculoides, "Fusus taeniensis" = Fusinus taeniensis
"Fusus bocarepertus" = Fusinus bocarepertus Maury 1912 snail
"Fusus longiusculoides" = Fusinus longiusculoides Maury 1912 snail
"Fusus taeniensis" = Fusinus taeniensis Maury 1912 snail
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
? Caricella sp. Conrad 1835 volute
Volutilithes sp. Swainson 1829 volute
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Pleurotoma guppyana Maury 1912 turrid
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
Rimella knappiana Maury 1912 true conch
Rimella fowleriana Maury 1912 true conch
 Ficoidea - Ficidae
Fusoficula juvenis Whifield 1865 fig shell
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"Natica cf. semilunata" = Natica (Naticarius) semilunata Lea 1833 moon snail
Amauropsis smithiana Maury 1912 moon snail
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
"Cassis (Phalium) guppyana" = Phalium guppyana
"Cassis (Phalium) guppyana" = Phalium guppyana Maury 1912 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
"Turritella mortoni" = Kapalmerella mortoni
"Turritella mortoni" = Kapalmerella mortoni Conrad 1830 turret shell
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
Solarium stephanephorum Maury 1912 snail
 Trochoidea - Liotiidae
Liotia lillianae Maury 1912 snail
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Dentalium microstria Heilprin 1880 tusk shell