Simmons Bluff, Charleston Co. - Pamlico Fm (Pleistocene) (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as South Carolina Loc. 16

Where: Charleston County, South Carolina (32.7° N, 80.2° W: paleocoordinates 32.7° N, 80.2° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Pamlico Formation, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• LITHOSTRATIGRAPHY: From Pamlico Formation (Richards 1962). AGE: Sangamon, Pleistocene (Richards 1962).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; unlithified siliciclastic sediments

• ENVIRONMENT: No specific environment provided in text for individual collection.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: No detailed lithologic data reported in text. LITHIFICATION: Assumed to be unlithified given age and figured specimens in Richards (1962).

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: cast

Collection methods: COLLECTORS: Based on collections of Richards (1936). REPOSITORIES: Collections held in various museums, possibly including the Academy of Natural Sciences, USNM, MCZ (Cambridge), and AMNH.

Primary reference: H. G. Richards. 1962. Studies on the marine Pleistocene: Part II. The marine Pleistocene mollusks of eastern North America. Transactions of the American Philosophocal Society 52(3):1-142 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 66760: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 15.10.2006, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for gastropoda and bivalvia. NOMENCLATURE: Not an authoratative publication, and somewhat antiquated. However, all occurrences include species-resolution assignments and list synonymies.
Echinoidea
 Camarodonta - Toxopneustidae
"Toxopneustes variegatus" = Lytechinus variegatus1
"Toxopneustes variegatus" = Lytechinus variegatus1 Lamarck 1816 sea urchin
 Clypeasteroida - Mellitidae
"Mellita pentapora" = Mellita quinquiesperforata1
"Mellita pentapora" = Mellita quinquiesperforata1 Leske 1778 sand dollar
Bivalvia
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Brachidontes exustus Linnaeus 1758 mussel
 Arcida - Noetiidae
"Noetia (Eontia) ponderosa" = Eontia ponderosa
"Noetia (Eontia) ponderosa" = Eontia ponderosa Say 1822 clam
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Glycymeris pectinata" = Tucetona pectinata, Glycymeris americana
"Glycymeris pectinata" = Tucetona pectinata Gmelin 1791 clam
Glycymeris americana Defrance 1826 clam
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Anadara ovalis" = Lunarca ovalis, "Anadara lienosa" = Anadara (Rasia) lienosa, "Anadara brasiliana" = Anadara (Cunearca) brasiliana
"Anadara ovalis" = Lunarca ovalis Bruguiere 1789 ark
"Anadara lienosa" = Anadara (Rasia) lienosa Say 1832 ark
"Anadara brasiliana" = Anadara (Cunearca) brasiliana Lamarck 1819 ark
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
Plicatula gibbosa Lamarck 1801 scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
Anomia simplex d'Orbigny 1845 jingle
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Aequipecten irradians" = Argopecten irradians
"Aequipecten irradians" = Argopecten irradians Lamarck 1819 calico scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Crassostrea virginica Gmelin 1791 oyster
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
Pteria colymbus Röding 1798 pearl oyster
 Ostreida - Pinnidae
Atrina serrata Sowerby 1825 oyster
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Divaricella quadrisulcata" = Divalinga quadrisulcata, "Lucina amiantus" = Radiolucina amianta, "Phacoides trisulcata" = Cavilinga trisulcata, "Phacoides radians" = Callucina keenae
"Divaricella quadrisulcata" = Divalinga quadrisulcata d'Orbigny 1846 clam
"Lucina amiantus" = Radiolucina amianta Dall 1901 clam
"Phacoides trisulcata" = Cavilinga trisulcata Conrad 1841 clam
"Phacoides radians" = Callucina keenae Chavan 1971 clam
 Pholadida - Pholadidae
"Pholas campechiensis" = Pholas (Thovana) campechiensis Gmelin 1791 clam
"Pholas truncata" = Barnea truncata Say 1822 clam
Martesia cuneiformis Say 1822 clam
SPELLING: M. cunieformis
 Pholadida - Myidae
"Mya arenaria" = Mya (Arenomya) arenaria
"Mya arenaria" = Mya (Arenomya) arenaria Linnaeus 1758 softshell clam
 Cardiida - Corbiculidae
"Polymesoda carolinensis" = Polymesoda caroliniana
"Polymesoda carolinensis" = Polymesoda caroliniana Bosc 1801 clam
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
Diplodonta soror Adams 1852 clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
"Mactra fragilis" = Mactrotoma fragilis Gmelin 1792 surfclam
Mulinia lateralis Say 1822 clam
 Cardiida - Anatinellidae
"Labiosa lineata" = Anatina anatina, "Labiosa plicatella" = Raeta plicatella
"Labiosa lineata" = Anatina anatina Spengler 1802 clam
"Labiosa plicatella" = Raeta plicatella Lamarck 1818 clam
 Cardiida - Chamidae
"Echinochama arcinella" = Arcinella arcinella
"Echinochama arcinella" = Arcinella arcinella Linnaeus 1767 jewel box
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Petricola pholadiformis" = Petricolaria pholadiformis, "Petricola lata" = Petricolaria pholadiformis, "Rupellaria typica" = Choristodon robustus, "Chione grus" = Timoclea grus, Mercenaria mercenaria, Mercenaria campechiensis, Chione cancellata, "Chione intapurpurea" = Puberella intapurpurea, "Macrocallista nimbosa" = Macrocallista (Macrocallista) nimbosa
"Petricola pholadiformis" = Petricolaria pholadiformis Lamarck 1818 venus clam
"Petricola lata" = Petricolaria pholadiformis Lamarck 1818 venus clam
"Rupellaria typica" = Choristodon robustus Sowerby 1834 venus clam
SPELLING: originall Ropellaria typica
"Chione grus" = Timoclea grus Holmes 1858 venus clam
Mercenaria mercenaria Linnaeus 1758 quahog
Mercenaria campechiensis Gmelin 1791 quahog
Chione cancellata Linnaeus 1767 venus clam
"Chione intapurpurea" = Puberella intapurpurea Conrad 1849 venus clam
"Macrocallista nimbosa" = Macrocallista (Macrocallista) nimbosa Solander 1786 venus clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Laevicardium mortoni Conrad 1831 cockle
"Trachycardium muricatum" = Trachycardium (Dallocardia) muricatum Linnaeus 1758 cockle
Dinocardium robustum Lightfoot 1786 cockle
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
"Tellina alternata" = Tellina (Eurytellina) alternata Say 1822 tellin clam
Tellidora cristata Récluz 1842 tellin clam
"Tellina texana" = Angulus texanus Dall 1900 tellin clam
Strigilla mirabilis Philippi 1841 tellin clam
Macoma tenta Say 1834 tellin clam
"Macoma balthica" = Macoma (Macoma) balthica Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Solecurtidae
"Tagelus gibbus" = Tagelus plebeius
"Tagelus gibbus" = Tagelus plebeius Lightfoot 1786 clam
 Cardiida - Donacidae
Donax fossor Say 1822 clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
Cumingia tellinoides Conrad 1831 clam
Abra aequalis Say 1822 abra
Ervilia concentrica2 Holmes 1858 clam
Semele bellastriata Conrad 1837 clam
Semele proficua Pulteney 1799 clam
 Cardiida - Gastrochaenidae
Gastrochaena cuneiformis Spengler 1783 clam
 Cardiida - Sportellidae
"Anisodonta elliptica" = Basterotia (Basterotella) elliptica Récluz 1850 clam
 Cardiida - Lasaeidae
Aligena elevata Stimpson 1851 aligena
 Solenida - Pharidae
Ensis minor Dall 1899 clam
Ensis directus Conrad 1844 clam
 Solenida - Solenidae
 Pandorida - Pandoridae
"Pandora trilineatus" = Pandora (Pandora) trilineata, "Pandora trilineata" = Pandora (Pandora) trilineata
"Pandora trilineatus" = Pandora (Pandora) trilineata Say 1822 clam
"Pandora trilineata" = Pandora (Pandora) trilineata Say 1822 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Cardita floridana" = Carditamera floridana, "Venericardia tridentata" = Pleuromeris tridentata
"Cardita floridana" = Carditamera floridana Conrad 1838 clam
"Venericardia tridentata" = Pleuromeris tridentata Say 1826 clam
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
Crassinella lunulata Conrad 1834 clam
 Nuculanida - Yoldiidae
Yoldia limatula Say 1831 clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
"Nucula proxima" = Nucula (Nucula) proxima
"Nucula proxima" = Nucula (Nucula) proxima Say 1820 Atlantic Nut Clam
Gastropoda
 Trochoidea - Turbinidae
"Angaria" crassa Holmes 1859 snail
 Lepetellida - Fissurellidae
Diodora cayenensis Lamarck 1822 snail
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
Melanella conoidea Kurtz and Stimpson 1851 snail
 Neotaenioglossa - Calyptraeidae
Crepidula fornicata Linnaeus 1758 slipper shell
Crepidula convexa Say 1822 slipper shell
Crepidula plana Say 1822 slipper shell
Calyptraea centralis Conrad 1841 slipper shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Naticidae
"Polinices duplicatus" = Neverita duplicatus, "Natica pusilla" = Tectonatica pusilla, Sinum perspectivum
"Polinices duplicatus" = Neverita duplicatus Say 1822 moon snail
"Natica pusilla" = Tectonatica pusilla Say 1822 moon snail
Sinum perspectivum Say 1831 moon snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Tornidae
"Adeorbis holmesi" = Cochliolepis holmesi
"Adeorbis holmesi" = Cochliolepis holmesi Dall 1889 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Ovulidae
"Simnia acicularis" = Cymbovula acicularis
"Simnia acicularis" = Cymbovula acicularis Lamarck 1811 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Strombidae
Strombus pugilis Linnaeus 1758 conch
SUBSPECIES: Strombus pugilis alatus
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Olivella mutica Say 1822 olive snail
"Oliva sayana" = Oliva (Ispidula) sayana Ravenel 1834 olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Eupleura caudata Say 1822 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Prunum roscidum Redfield 1860 margin shell
 Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae
"Mangilia cerina" = Kurtziella cerina
"Mangilia cerina" = Kurtziella cerina Kurtz and Stimpson 1851 snail
 Neogastropoda - Terebridae
Terebra protexta, "Terebra dislocata" = Strioterebrum dislocatum, "Terebra concava" = Strioterebrum concava
Terebra protexta Conrad 1845 auger snail
"Terebra dislocata" = Strioterebrum dislocatum Say 1822 auger snail
"Terebra concava" = Strioterebrum concava Say 1827 auger snail
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
Busycon perversum, Busycon carica, "Busycon canaliculatum" = Busycotypus canaliculatus, "Busycon spiratum" = Busycotypus spiratus
Busycon perversum Linnaeus 1758 whelk
Busycon carica Gmelin 1792 whelk
"Busycon canaliculatum" = Busycotypus canaliculatus Linnaeus 1758 whelk
"Busycon spiratum" = Busycotypus spiratus Lamarck 1816 whelk
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
"Columbella (Anachis) obesa" = Parvanachis obesa, "Columbella (Anachis) avara" = Costoanachis avara, "Columbella (Astyris) lunata" = Astyris lunata
"Columbella (Anachis) obesa" = Parvanachis obesa Adams 1845 snail
"Columbella (Anachis) avara" = Costoanachis avara Say 1822 snail
"Columbella (Astyris) lunata" = Astyris lunata Say 1826 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
"Cantharus tinctus" = Gemophos tinctus, "Cantharus cancellata" = Solenosteira cancellaria
"Cantharus tinctus" = Gemophos tinctus Conrad 1846 true whelk
"Cantharus cancellata" = Solenosteira cancellaria Conrad 1846 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
"Fasciolaria distans" = Cinctura lilium, "Fasciolaria gigantea" = Triplofusus giganteus, Fasciolaria tulipa
"Fasciolaria distans" = Cinctura lilium Fischer 1807 snail
"Fasciolaria gigantea" = Triplofusus giganteus Kiener 1840 snail
Fasciolaria tulipa Linnaeus 1758 tulip snail
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
"Fusus" minor, "Fusus" filiformis, "Fusus" rudis, "Nassarius acutus" = Nassarius (Nassarius) acutus, "Nassarius trivittatus" = Ilyanassa trivittata, "Nassarius obsoletus" = Ilyanassa obsoleta
"Fusus" minor Holmes 1858 snail
"Fusus" filiformis Holmes 1858 snail
"Fusus" rudis Holmes 1858 snail
"Nassarius acutus" = Nassarius (Nassarius) acutus Say 1822 snail
"Nassarius trivittatus" = Ilyanassa trivittata Say 1822 snail
"Nassarius obsoletus" = Ilyanassa obsoleta Say 1822 snail
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
Cancellaria reticulata Emmon 1858 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Littorinidae
"Littorina irrorata" = Littoraria irrorata
"Littorina irrorata" = Littoraria irrorata Say 1822 periwinkle
 Epitonioidea - Epitoniidae
Epitonium multistriatum Say 1826 wentletrap
Epitonium humphreysii Kiener 1838 wentletrap
"Epitonium rupicolum" = Epitonium rupicola Kurtz 1860 wentletrap
Epitonium angulatum Say 1831 wentletrap
"Epitonium lamellosum" = Gryoscala lamellosa Lamarck 1822 wentletrap
 Cerithioidea - Scaliolidae
"Bittium cerithidioides" = Finella dubia
"Bittium cerithidioides" = Finella dubia d'Orbigny 1840 snail
 Opisthobranchia - Cylichnidae
"Retusa canaliculata" = Acteocina canaliculata
"Retusa canaliculata" = Acteocina canaliculata Say 1826 barrel-bubble
 Heterostropha - Architectonicidae
Architectonica nobilis Röding 1798 sundial
 Heterostropha - Pyramidellidae
"Pyramidella crenulata" = Pyramidella suturalis
"Pyramidella crenulata" = Pyramidella suturalis Lea 1843 snail
Merisca aequistriata
  -
"Quadrans lintea" = Merisca aequistriata
"Quadrans lintea" = Merisca aequistriata Say 1824