Atbara River Valley KG68 (Holocene of Sudan)

Also known as ETE Locality 690, Atbara River Valley KG68,

Where: Sudan (15.3° N, 36.3° E: paleocoordinates 15.2° N, 36.2° E)

• basin-level geographic resolution

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: 307700 +- 90; dated shell sample radiometric intage_max, radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: siltstone

• ETE sed env 1: fluvial, ETE sed env 2: channel ETE event: ., ETE env comment: in fluvial environments near ancient river bank
• ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: most remains not in situ; silts and gravel bars

Collection methods: bulk, surface (in situ)

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 488, 483, 479, 478, 477, 456, 121, ; ETE museum list:

Primary reference: A. E. Marks, J. Peters, and W. Van Neer. 1987. Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Occupations in the Upper Atbara River Valley, Sudan. In: Prehistory of Arid North Africa, Edited by Close, A.E. [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 21871: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 13.05.1997, edited by John Damuth

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Percomprohi indet.
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Percomorphi
Bivalvia
  -
Bivalvia indet. Linnaeus 1758 clam
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: mak - species name "large bivalves" split into genus and species names
 Unionida - Iridinidae
Spathopsis indet. Simpson 1900 clam
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Gastropoda
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullariidae
Pila indet. Röding 1798 apple snail
ETE occurrence; species: mak - replaced genus name sp. with family name
Actinopteri
 Perciformes - Latidae
Lates niloticus Linnaeus 1758 Nile perch
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Cyprinidae indet. Bonaparte 1832 carp-like fish
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Cyprinidae
 Siluriformes - Mochokidae
Synodontis sp. Cuvier 1816 upside down catfish
 Osteoglossiformes - Mormyridae
Mormyridae indet. elephantfish
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Mormyridae
Cladistia
 Polypteriformes - Polypteridae
Polypterus sp. Lacépède 1803 bichir
Reptilia
 Squamata - Varanidae
Varanus sp. Merrem 1820 monitor lizard
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecidae indet. Gray 1821 monkey
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Cercopithecidae
Papio cynocephalus Linnaeus 1766 yellow baboon
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix cristata Linnaeus 1758 crested porcupine
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis silvestris Schreber 1777 wildcat
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Loxodonta africana Blumenbach 1797 African elephant
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821 pig
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Suidae
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Giraffa camelopardalis Linnaeus 1758 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Antilopinae-small
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Antilopinae-large
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Antilopinae-medium
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Reduncinae
Syncerus caffer Sparman 1779 African buffalo
Tragelaphus strepsiceros Pallas 1766 greater kudu
Tragelaphus scriptus Pallas 1766 bushbuck
Alcelaphini indet. Brookes 1876 antelope
ETE occurrence; species: Alcelaphini
Hippotragus equinus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1803 roan antelope
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Ogilby 1833 waterbuck