Mauvilla (Neogene of the United States)

Also known as Ecor Rouge Sand; Chickasabogue Creek; Chickasaw Creek; Citronelle

Where: Mobile County, Alabama (30.7° N, 88.2° W: paleocoordinates 30.9° N, 86.5° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Hemphillian (10.3 - 4.9 Ma)

• said to be early Hemphillian

Environment/lithology: marginal marine; lithology not reported

Primary reference: R. C. Hulbert, Jr. and F. C. Whitmore, Jr. 1997. Early Hemphillian mammals from the Mauvilla local fauna, Alabama. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 17(3):54A [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 18559: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 21.09.1998, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• see MacFadden and Dobie 1998 for stratigraphic and geographic details
same as the Citronelle fauna of Tedford and Hunter 1984 and other references, which was thought to be from the Citronelle Fm. in this county
"14 taxa of mammals" including a dolphin, so up to four terrestrial species may have been omitted; most of these can be inferred from the earlier lists
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castoridae indet.4 Gray 1821 beaver
identification is by Whitmore
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras sp. Hatcher 1894 rhinoceros
T. fossiger or T. hicksi
Aphelops mutilus3 Matthew 1924 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapiridae indet.2 Gray 1821 tapir
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Hippotherium emsliei" = Cormohipparion emsliei1 Hulbert 1988 hipparionine horse
Nannippus aztecus3 Mooser 1968 hipparionine horse
Neohipparion eurystyle Cope 1893 hipparionine horse
probably "N. phosphorum" of Tedford and Hunter 1984
Protohippus gidleyi Hulbert 1988 horse
described by MacFadden and Dobie 1998:
 Carnivora - Canidae
Epicyon cf. haydeni3 Leidy 1858 bone-crushing dog
"very large"
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotheriidae indet.3 Hay 1922 gomphothere
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Prosthennops cf. serus3 Cope 1877 peccary
probably tayassuid of Whitmore in Isphording and Flowers 1983
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Pleiolama cf. vera3 Matthew 1909 camel
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
Synthetoceras davisorum n. sp.3 Hulbert and Whitmore 2006 protoceratid
said to be new: probably S. cf. tricornatus of Tedford and Hunter 1984, Patton and Taylor 1971
 Ungulata - Gelocidae
Pseudoceratinae indet.5 Frick 1937 ruminant
 Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
Pediomeryx sp.3 Stirton 1936 ruminant
 Cetacea - Platanistidae
Pomatodelphis inaequalis3 Allen 1921 toothed whale