Pakokku District, Pondaung Sandstone: Bartonian, Myanmar

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Actinopteri
Teleostei indet. Müller 1846
toothed pharangeal arches
Reptilia - Testudines - Testudinidae
Testudinidae indet. Batsch 1788
fragments of the carapaces of tortoises
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Brontotheriidae
? Telmatherium birmanicum n. sp. Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
5 specimens
fragments of upper molars
    = Sivatitanops birmanicum Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
nomen dubium belonging to Sivatitanops
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Amynodontidae
? Metamynodon birmanicus n. sp.
2 specimens
fragmentarty mandibular ramus and teeth
Mammalia - Ungulata - Anthracotheriidae
Anthracokeryx birmanicus n. gen., n. sp. Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
1 specimen
maxilla with teeth
Anthracokeryx hospes n. sp. Pilgrim 1928
Pilgrim 1928 specimens
synonym of Anthracokeryx birmanicus
isolated tooth
Anthracotherium pangan n. sp. Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
1 specimen
isolated tooth
    = Anthracothema pangan Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
Pilgrim 1928
original and current combination Anthracotherium pangan
Anthracohyus rubricae n. sp. Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
5 specimens
isolated teeth
    = Anthracothema rubricae Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
Pilgrim 1928
synonym of Anthracotherium pangan
Anthracohyus palustris n. sp. Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
3 specimens
synonym of Anthracotherium pangan
isolated teeth
Anthracotherium crassum n. sp. Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
2 specimens
mandible and teeth
    = Anthracothema crassum Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
Pilgrim 1928
original and current combination Anthracotherium crassum
Anthracohyus choeroides n. sp. Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
3 specimens
synonym of Anthracotherium crassum
upper molar and premolar, and mandible
Anthracokeryx tenuis n. sp. Pilgrim and Cotter 1916
3 specimens
recombined as Anthracotherium tenuis
isolated teeth
Anthracokeryx bambusae n. sp. Pilgrim 1928
Pilgrim 1928 1 specimen
synonym of Anthracotherium tenuis
fragment of right maxillae containing m2, m3
Anthracokeryx bambusae n. sp. Pilgrim 1928
Pilgrim 1928 1 specimen
synonym of Anthracotherium tenuis
maxilla with teeth
see common names

Geography
Country:Myanmar
Coordinates: 21.7° North, 94.8° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:13.1° North, 93.3° East
Basis of coordinate:estimated from map
Geographic resolution:local area
Time
Period:Paleogene Epoch:Eocene
Stage:Bartonian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 3
Key time interval:Bartonian
Age range of interval:41.30000 - 38.00000 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Formation:Pondaung
Stratigraphic resolution:formation
Stratigraphy comments: The whole sequence of units was originally defined as the ‘Pondaung Sandstones’ by Cotter (1914), but the horizon yielding Eocene vertebrate fossils is now known as the ‘Upper Member’ of the Pondaung Formation (see Maung et al. 2005). The most recent age for this unit is ~39–38 Ma and so it can be regarded as middle Bartonian (see Tsubamoto et al. 2011).
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:brown,yellow sandstone
Secondary lithology:red,white,yellow "siliciclastic"
Includes fossils?Y
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Geology comments: successive beds of cherry-red, bright buff and cream-white earths interstratified with brown or buff sandstones
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Disassociated major elements:some
Disassociated minor elements:some
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:field collection
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Metadata
Database number:41207
Authorizer:J. Alroy Enterer:E. Leckey
Modifier:P. Mannion Research group:vertebrate
Created:2004-07-08 15:00:51 Last modified:2016-03-17 05:55:42
Access level:the public Released:2004-07-08 15:00:51
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

11075. G. E. Pilgrim and G. P. Cotter. 1916. Some newly discovered Eocene mammals from Burma. Records of the Geological Survey of India 47:42-77 [J. Alroy/E. Leckey/E. Leckey]

Secondary references:

11096 P. A. Holroyd and R. L. Ciochon. 1995. A new artiodactyl (Mammalia) from the Eocene Pondaung Sandstones, Burma. Annals of Carnegie Museum 64(3):177-183 [J. Alroy/E. Leckey/E. Leckey]
11070 G. E. Pilgrim. 1928. The Artiodactyla of the Eocene of Burma. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India 13:1-39 [J. Alroy/E. Leckey/E. Leckey]