Nusplingen quarry: Late/Upper Kimmeridgian, Germany

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Rhynchonellata - Terebratulida - Zeilleriidae
Ornithella cf. pentagonalis
23 individuals
Cheirothyris fleuriausa (d'Orbigny 1850)
1 individual
Rhynchonellata - Rhynchonellida - Basiliolidae
Lacunosella sp. Wisniewska 1932
4 individuals
Rhynchonellata - Rhynchonellida - Cyclothyrididae
Torquirhynchia speciosa (Munster 1839)
1 individual
Cephalopoda - Octobrachia - Patelloctopodidae
Patelloctopus ilgi n. gen., n. sp. Fuchs and Schweigert 2018
Fuchs and Schweigert 2018
Bivalvia - Protobranchia - Nuculidae
Nuculidae indet. Gray 1824
Scholz et al. 2008
Bivalvia - Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
Nuculana (Rollieria) sp. Link 1807
Scholz et al. 2008 1 individual
Bivalvia - Pterioida
Cingentolium (Cingentolium) cingulatum (Goldfuss 1835)
Scholz et al. 2008 1 individual
recombined as Neoentolium cingulatum
Bivalvia - Pectinida - Limidae
Pseudolimea duplicata (Sowerby 1814)
Scholz et al. 2008 30 individuals
> 30
Plagiostoma pratzi (Boehm 1881)
Scholz et al. 2008 5 individuals
Ctenostreon pectiniforme
Scholz et al. 2008 2 individuals
Bivalvia - Pectinida - Pectinidae
Chlamys textoria (Schlotheim 1820)
Scholz et al. 2008 1 individual
Eopecten velatus (Goldfuss 1833)
Scholz et al. 2008 2 individuals
Camptonectes (Camptonectes) auritus (Schlotheim 1813)
Scholz et al. 2008 2 individuals
Spondylopecten palinurus (d'Orbigny 1850)
Scholz et al. 2008 1 individual
Radulopecten sigmaringensis
Scholz et al. 2008 1 individual
Bivalvia - Pectinida - Propeamussiidae
Propeamussium nonarium
Scholz et al. 2008 1 individual
original and current combination Pecten (Propeamussium)
Bivalvia - Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
Nanogyra virgula (Deshayes 1831)
Scholz et al. 2008 10 individuals
< 10
Liostrea socialis
Scholz et al. 2008 500 individuals
> 500
Liostrea roemeri
Scholz et al. 2008 10 individuals
< 10
Bivalvia - Ostreida - Pinnidae
Pinna sp. Linnaeus 1758
Scholz et al. 2008 1 individual
Bivalvia - Arcida - Arcidae
Arca (Eonavicula) cf. fracta
Scholz et al. 2008 2 individuals
original and current combination Eonavicula
Bivalvia - Lucinida - Lucinidae
"Lucina" zeta
Scholz et al. 2008 20 individuals
> 20
Reptilia - Testudines - Thalassemydidae
Thalassemydidae indet. Zittel 1889
Kemp 1999 1 specimen
Tübingen 14620
Pterosauria indet. (Kaup 1834)
Kemp 1999 2 specimens
SMNS 59789, 80366
Pterodactylus longicollum n. sp. Meyer 1854
Wellnhofer 1970 1 specimen
recombined as Ardeadactylus longicollum
SMNS 5802 (neotype specimen)
Pterodactylus suevicus n. sp. Quenstadt 1855
Wellnhofer 1970 1 specimen
recombined as Cycnorhamphus suevicus
Tübingen specimen (holotype), nearly complete skeleton
Reptilia - Rhamphorhynchidae
Rhamphorhynchus sp. Meyer 1847
Wellnhofer 1975 2 specimens
SMNS 3696, 12680,
Rhamphorhynchus cf. muensteri (Goldfuss 1831)
Wellnhofer 1975 1 specimen
SMNS specimen
Rhamphorhynchus longiceps Woodward 1902
Kemp 1999 1 specimen
synonym of Rhamphorhynchus muensteri
Tübingen specimen
Reptilia - Metriorhynchidae
Geosaurinae indet. Lydekker 1889
Herrera et al. 2021
? Geosaurus sp. Cuvier 1824
Kemp 1999 1 specimen
SMNS 80480, SMNS 81834
Dakosaurus sp. Quenstedt 1856
Kemp 1999 1 specimen
Tübingen specimen
Dakosaurus maximus (Plieninger 1846)
Young et al. 2012 1 specimen
SMNS 81793: isolated tooth
Geosaurus suevicus Fraas 1901
Kemp 1999 4 specimens
recombined as Cricosaurus suevicus
Tübingen, three specimens. SMNS 9808
Cricosaurus suevicus (Fraas 1901)
Andrade et al. 2010
SMNS 3808, SMNS 90513
Chondrichthyes - Synechodontiformes - Paraorthacodontidae
Paraorthacodus jurensis (Schweizer 1964)
Klug 2008
new skeleton from "Nusplingen"
Echinoidea - Diplopodiidae
Diplopodia subangularis
Grawe-Baumeister et al. 2000 2 specimens
Echinoidea - Stomopneustoida - Stomechinidae
Stomechinus perlatus
Grawe-Baumeister et al. 2000 1 individual
Echinoidea - Cidaroida - Rhabdocidaridae
Rhabdocidaris boehmi
Grawe-Baumeister et al. 2000 3 specimens
Echinoidea - Cidaroida
Plegiocidaris crucifera (Agassiz 1840)
Grawe-Baumeister et al. 2000 3 individuals
Echinoidea - Cidaroida - Polycidaridae
Nenoticidaris histricoides
Grawe-Baumeister et al. 2000 2 individuals
synonym of Paracidaris (Anisocidaris)
Paracidaris cf. florigemma (Phillips 1829)
Grawe-Baumeister et al. 2000 3 specimens
Polycidaris nusplingensis n. sp.
Grawe-Baumeister et al. 2000 6 individuals
see common names

Country:Germany State/province:Baden-Württemberg
Coordinates: 48.1° North, 9.1° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:39.2° North, 17.7° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Geographic resolution:outcrop
Period:Jurassic Epoch:Late/Upper Jurassic
Stage:Kimmeridgian 10 m.y. bin:Jurassic 5
Key time interval:Late/Upper Kimmeridgian Ammonoid zone: Hybonoticeras beckeri
Age range of interval:155.70000 - 150.80000 m.y. ago
Formation:Nusplingen Limestone
Stratigraphic resolution:group of beds
Stratigraphy comments: Formerly assinged to Tithonian. Upper Kimmeridgian age assigned by Schweigert (1998). Beckeri Zone, Ulmense Subzone
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: lithified lime mudstone
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: Bedded and platy limestones
Environment:open shallow subtidal Tectonic setting:cratonic basin
Modes of preservation:body,replaced with calcite
Lagerst�tten type:conservation
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Spatial orientation:random
Preservation of anatomical detail:excellent
Articulated whole bodies:some
Associated major elements:many
Feeding/predation traces:tooth marks
Temporal resolution:snapshot
Spatial resolution:parautochthonous
Collection methods and comments
Collection excludes:some macrofossils
Collection methods:field collection
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Collection method comments: Data combined for a 10 m section
Also known as:Plant data in collection 24524
Database number:41817
Authorizer:W. Kiessling, P. Mannion, R. Butler, R. Benson, J. Alroy, M. Uhen Enterer:W. Kiessling, M. Uhen, U. Merkel, J. Alroy, R. Butler, R. Benson, G. Varnham, J. Tennant
Modifier:M. Uhen Research group:marine invertebrate,paleoentomology,vertebrate
Created:2004-07-21 05:39:04 Last modified:2022-11-15 09:56:50
Access level:the public Released:2004-07-21 05:39:04
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

11187. O. Dietl and G. Schweigert. 2000. Brachiopoden aus dem Nusplinger Plattenkalk (Oberjura, SW Deutschland). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie) 290:1-23 [W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling]

Secondary references:

43156 M. B. Andrade, M. T. Young, J. B. Desojo and S. L. Brusatte. 2010. The evolution of extreme hypercarnivory in Metriorhynchidae (Mesoeucrocodylia: Thalattosuchia) based on evidence from microscopic denticle morphology. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30(5):1451-1465 [M. Young/M. Young]
35206 G. Bechly, A. Nel, X. Martínez-Declòs, E. A. Jarzembowski, R. Coram, D. Martill, G. Fleck, F. Escuillié, M. M. Wisshak and M. Maisch. 2001. A revision and phylogenetic study of Mesozoic Aeshnoptera, with description of numerous new taxa (Insecta: Odonata: Anisoptera). Neue Paläontologische Abhandlungen 4:1-219 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
83111 D. Fuchs and G. Schweigert. 2018. First Middle–Late Jurassic gladius vestiges provide new evidence on the detailed origin of incirrate and cirrate octopuses (Coleoidea). PalZ 92:203-217 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
11189 J. Grawe-Baumeister, G. Schweigert, and G. Dietl. 2000. Echiniden aus dem Nusplinger Plattenkalk (Ober-Kimmeridgium, Südwestdeutschland). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie) 286:1-39 [W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling]
79044 Y. Herrera, M. Aiglstorfer, and M. Bronzati. 2021. A new species of Cricosaurus (Thalattosuchia: Crocodylomorpha) from southern Germany: the first three-dimensionally preserved Cricosaurus skull from the Solnhofen Archipelago. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 19(2):145-167 [P. Mannion/G. Varnham]
33234 R. A. Kemp. 1999. Solnhofen tetrapod taphonomy. University of Bristol 1-459 [R. Butler/R. Butler]
30505 S. Klug. 2008. The Late Jurassic neoselachian Macrourogaleus FOWLER, 1947 is a palaeospinacid shark (Elasmobranchii; Synechodontiformes). Acta Geologica Polonica 58(2):229-234 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
31920ETE S. C. Mathur, S. D. Gaur, R. S. Loyal, A. Tripathi, R. P. Tripathi and A. Gupta. 2005. Occurrence of magnetite spherules in the Maastrichtian bone bed sedimentary sequence of Fatehgarh Formation, Barmer basin, India. Current Science 89(7):1259-1268 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
29002 A. Scholz, G. Schweigert, and G. Dietl. 2008. Bivalves from the Nusplingen Lithographic Limestone (Upper Jurassic, southern Germany). Palaeodiversity 1:111-131 [W. Kiessling/U. Merkel/U. Merkel]
32120 P. Wellnhofer. 1970. Die Pterodactyloidea (Pterosauria) der Oberjura-Plattenkalke Süddeutschlands. Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse Abhandlungen, Neue Folge 141:1-133 [R. Butler/R. Butler]
32121 P. Wellnhofer. 1975. Die Rhamphorhynchoidea (Pterosauria) der Oberjura-Plattenkalke Süddeutschlands, Teil II, Systematische Beschreibung. Palaeontographica Abteilung A 148:132-186 [R. Butler/R. Butler]
31917 P. Wellnhofer. 1978. Pterosauria, Handbuch der Paläoherpetologie, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart 1-82 [R. Butler/R. Butler]
43071 M. T. Young, S. L. Brusatte, M. B. Andrade, J. B. Desojo, B. L. Beatty, L. Steel, M. S. Fernández, M. Sakamoto, J. I. Ruiz-Omeñaca and R. R. Schoch. 2012. The cranial osteology and feeding ecology of the metriorhynchid crocodylomorph genera Dakosaurus and Plesiosuchus from the Late Jurassic of Europe. PLoS ONE 7(9):e44985 [R. Benson/R. Benson/M. Young]